Health in the Marshall Islands

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According to a report by the BBC, life expectancy in 2017 was 67 years for men and 71 years for women.[1] Infant mortality has been reduced from 40 to 22 per 1000 live births between 1990 and 2010.

Diabetes[edit]

A 2007–2008 study revealed that the rate of type 2 diabetes is among the highest in the world; 28% over the age of 15; 50% over 35. Approximately 75% of women, and 50% of men are overweight or obese. This is mostly due to the adoption of an unhealthy diet and lack of exercise. About 50% of all surgeries performed on the island are amputations due to complications from diabetes. There are no facilities for renal dialysis.[2]

Healthcare[edit]

The Health Services Board is responsible for public health services. There are two public hospitals, Leroj Atama Medical Center in Majuro which has 101 beds and Leroj Kitlang Health Center in Ebeye which has 45. There are 58 health care centres on the outer atolls and islands. There is also a hospital on Kwajalein Atoll at the US military base which serves only the American forces.[3] In 2008 there were 2 pharmacists, 7 dentists, 38 physicians and 172 nurses working in the country.[4] There is very little commercial healthcare.

Blood transfusion is organised informally, as there is no blood bank.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Marshall Islands country profile". Bbc.com. July 31, 2017. Retrieved August 22, 2017.
  2. ^ "Defeating Diabetes: Lessons From the Marshall Islands". Todaysdietitian.com. Retrieved August 22, 2017.
  3. ^ "Marshall Islands" (PDF). WHO. 2014. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
  4. ^ "Marshall Islands Health Insurance". Pacific prime. 2018. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
  5. ^ "National Health Issues". Marshall Islands Guide. 6 September 2014. Retrieved 20 November 2018.