Healthcare Safety Investigation Branch
The Healthcare Safety Investigation Branch is a part of NHS England, established in April 2017, to operate independently of other regulatory agencies.  It is intended to produce rigorous, non-punitive, and systematic investigations and to develop system-wide recommendations for learning and improvement and to be separate from systems that seek to allocate blame, liability, or punishment.
In June 2019 it employed about 200 full-time equivalent staff and its budget had increased from £3.8 million in 2017 to almost £20 million. There were criticisms of the management of the organisation under chief investigator Keith Conradi.
England was the first country to adopt such a system. Norway is launching a similar organisation in 2019 called the National Investigation Board for the Health and Care Services.
From 2018 it has been responsible for the investigation of maternity cases which involve intrapartum stillbirth, early neonatal deaths or severe brain injury. A maternity caseload of around 400 is expected, with about 3 new referrals daily.
In February 2019 it produced a report into mistakes involving piped air being mistakenly supplied rather than piped oxygen and said that cost pressures could make it difficult for trusts to respond to safety alerts the financial costs of replacing equipment. Private finance initiative contracts increased those costs.
- "About us". HSIB. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
- "Safety watchdog hit by poor governance and culture". Health Service Journal. 12 June 2019. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
- Macrae, Carl; Stewart, Kevin (21 March 2019). "Can we import improvements from industry to healthcare?". British Medical Journal. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
- "New way of investigating maternity incidents completes NHS rollout". Nursing Times. 19 March 2019. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
- "Man was mistakenly circumcised in mix-up at Leicester hospital". ITV News. 25 March 2019. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
- "PFI contracts a 'systemic' barrier to safety improvement, warns watchdog". Health Service Journal. 28 February 2019. Retrieved 8 April 2019.