Healthcare in Europe

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European Health Insurance Card (French version pictured)

Healthcare in Europe is provided through a wide range of different systems run at individual national levels. Most European countries have a system of competing private health insurance companies, with government subsidies available for citizens who cannot afford coverage.[1][2] Many European countries (and all European Union countries) offer their citizens a European Health Insurance Card which, on a reciprocal basis, provides insurance for emergency medical treatment insurance when visiting other participating European countries.[3]

European health[edit]

The World Health Organization has listed 53 countries as comprising the European region. Health outcomes vary greatly by country. Countries in western Europe have had a significant increase in life expectancy since World War II, while most of eastern European and the formerly Soviet countries have experienced a fall in life expectancy.[4]

Tobacco use is the largest preventable cause of death in Europe. Many countries have passed legislation in the past few decades restricting tobacco sales and use.[4]

European Union[edit]

The European Union has no major administrative responsibility in the field of healthcare. The European Commission's Directorate-General for Health and Consumers however seeks to align national laws on the safety of food and other products, on consumers' rights and on the protection of people's health, to form new EU wide laws and thus strengthen its internal markets.

Greece failed to implement EU anti-smoking laws.[5]

Euro Health Consumer Index 2018[edit]

Euro Health Consumer Index 2018[6]
Country Overall ranking Total score Patient rights and
information score
Accessibility
(waiting times for
treatment) score
Outcomes
score
Range and reach of
services score
Prevention score Pharmaceuticals score
  Switzerland 1 893 113 225 278 99 95 83
 Netherlands 2 883 125 175 256 125 113 89
 Norway 3 857 125 138 278 120 119 78
 Denmark 4 855 121 175 267 120 95 78
 Belgium 5 849 104 213 244 115 101 72
 Finland 6 839 113 150 278 120 101 78
 Luxembourg 7 809 100 188 244 109 95 72
 Sweden 8 800 117 113 267 125 101 78
 Austria 9 799 108 175 244 104 89 78
 Iceland 10 797 121 188 222 104 107 56
 France 11 796 104 188 233 104 83 83
 Germany 12 785 104 163 244 83 101 89
 Portugal 13 754 108 163 222 94 89 78
 Czech Republic 14 731 108 175 211 104 71 61
 Estonia 15 729 121 188 189 94 77 61
 United Kingdom 16 728 117 100 211 109 113 78
 Slovakia 17 722 113 188 200 78 77 67
 Serbia 18 699 108 200 189 57 83 61
 Spain 19 698 96 113 222 94 101 72
 Italy 20 687 92 138 233 73 101 50
 Slovenia 21 678 88 125 222 94 77 72
 Ireland 22 669 83 75 244 94 89 83
 Montenegro 23 668 96 188 189 52 71 72
 Croatia 24 644 104 125 200 94 71 50
 North Macedonia 25 638 113 163 156 63 83 61
 Cyprus 26 635 83 150 200 63 83 56
 Malta 27 631 88 150 156 104 95 39
 Lithuania 28 622 104 163 167 73 71 44
 Greece 29 615 67 163 200 52 83 50
 Latvia 30 605 100 138 178 68 77 44
 Bulgaria 31 591 79 200 167 47 60 39
 Poland 32 585 79 138 167 57 89 56
 Hungary 33 565 79 113 156 78 95 44
 Romania 34 549 96 175 133 52 54 39
 Albania 35 544 67 175 156 42 71 33

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sanger-Katz, Margot (19 February 2019). "What's the Difference Between a 'Public Option' and 'Medicare for All'?". The New York Times.
  2. ^ Abelson, Reed; Sanger-Katz, Margot (23 March 2019). "Medicare for All Would Abolish Private Insurance. 'There's No Precedent in American History.'". The New York Times.
  3. ^ "European Health Insurance Card". European Commission. Retrieved 23 August 2019. A free card that gives you access to medically necessary, state-provided healthcare during a temporary stay in any of the 28 EU countries, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland, under the same conditions and at the same cost (free in some countries) as people insured in that country.
  4. ^ a b Mackenbach, Johan P; Karanikolos, Marina; McKee, Martin (March 2013). "The unequal health of Europeans: successes and failures of policies". The Lancet. 381 (9872): 1125–1134. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(12)62082-0. PMID 23541053.
  5. ^ "EU anti-smoking laws".
  6. ^ "Euro Health Consumer Index 2018" (PDF). Health Consumer Powerhouse. Retrieved 26 February 2019.