Healthcare in Europe

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58 countries with universal health care in 2009.[1]
Most European countries have universal health coverage.
  58 countries with legislation mandating UHC, and
>90% health insurance coverage, and
>90% skilled birth attendance.
European Health Insurance Card (French version pictured)

Healthcare in Europe is provided through a wide range of different systems run at the national level. The systems are primarily publicly funded through taxation (universal health care). Private funding may represent personal contributions towards meeting the non-taxpayer refunded portion of costs or may reflect totally private (non-subsidized) healthcare either paid out of pocket or met by some form of personal or employer funded insurance. All EU and many other European countries offer their citizens a European Health Insurance Card which, on a reciprocal basis, provides insurance for emergency medical treatment insurance when visiting other participating European countries.

The European Union has no major administrative responsibility in the field of healthcare. The European Commission's Directorate-General for Health and Consumers however seeks to align national laws on the safety of food and other products, on consumers' rights and on the protection of people's health, to form new EU wide laws and thus strengthen its internal markets.

Healthcare Rankings[edit]

The 2014 Euro health consumer index, produced by Health Consumer Powerhouse, included 37 countries measured by 48 indicators.

Euro Health Consumer Index 2014.[2]
Country Overall ranking Patient rights and
information ranking
Accessibility
(waiting times for
treatment) ranking
Outcomes
ranking
Range and reach of
services provided
Prevention Pharmaceuticals
 Netherlands 1 1 7 1 1 13 1
  Switzerland 2 12 1 3 14 6 9
 Norway 3 22 22 1 3 1 7
 Finland 4 6 10 6 4 6 1
 Denmark 5 2 4 9 6 13 9
 Belgium 6 22 1 9 4 19 9
 Iceland 7 4 14 3 9 1 21
 Luxemburg 8 17 7 6 6 5 16
 Germany 9 10 7 3 21 6 1
 Austria 10 9 4 16 11 19 9
 France 11 12 10 9 14 13 13
 Sweden 12 12 35 6 1 1 7
 Portugal 13 6 14 14 21 19 19
 England 14 8 30 16 6 6 1
 Czech Republic 15 22 10 16 11 26 13
 Scotland 16 17 25 16 9 13 1
 Macedonia 17 4 3 33 21 6 21
 Estonia 18 10 19 16 11 36 21
 Spain 19 24 30 14 14 1 16
 Slovenia 20 24 27 9 18 13 16
 Slovakia 21 15 10 25 24 19 13
 Italy 22 19 22 22 24 6 21
 Ireland 23 30 35 9 19 13 1
 Croatia 24 19 14 23 19 34 21
 Cyprus 25 30 19 16 30 26 19
 Hungary 26 24 14 30 24 19 21
 Latvia 27 15 19 26 28 26 28
 Malta 28 29 25 30 14 6 33
 Greece 29 36 22 23 31 19 21
 Bulgaria 30 34 14 26 35 26 28
 Albania 31 28 4 33 37 32 36
 Poland 32 24 30 33 24 26 28
 Lithuania 33 19 30 26 28 37 28
 Serbia 34 30 27 36 31 25 33
 Montenegro 35 35 27 26 35 32 36
 Romania 36 30 30 36 34 26 28
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 37 37 37 30 31 34 33

See also[edit]

References[edit]

[3]

  1. ^ Stuckler, David; Feigl, Andrea B.; Basu, Sanjay; McKee, Martin (November 2010). "The political economy of universal health coverage. Background paper for the First Global Symposium on Health Systems Research, 16–19 November 2010, Montreaux, Switzerland" (PDF). Pacific Health Summit. Seattle: National Bureau of Asian Research. p. 16. Figure 2. Global Prevalence of Universal Health Care in 2009; 58 countries: Andorra, Antigua, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Kuwait, Luxembourg, Moldova, Mongolia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Oman, Panama, Portugal, Poland, Romania, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Tunisia, UAE, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Venezuela. 
  2. ^ "Euro Health Consumer Index 2014". Health Consumer Powerhouse. Retrieved 31 January 2015. 
  3. ^ http://www.who.int/whr/2010/en/index.html The world health report - Health systems financing: the path to universal coverage http://whqlibdoc.who.int/whr/2010/9789241564021_eng.pdf