Healthcare in Iceland
Healthcare in Iceland is universal. The healthcare system is largely paid for by taxes (85%) and to some extent by service fees (15%) and is administrated by the Ministry of Welfare. A considerable portion of government spending is assigned to healthcare. There is almost no private health insurance in Iceland and no private hospitals.
Healthcare providers in Iceland fall into one of the following legally defined categories of healthcare providers:
- healthcare clinics (Icelandic: heilsugæslur)
- health institutions (Icelandic: heilbrigðisstofnanir)
- university hospitals (Icelandic: háskólasjúkrahús)
- teaching hospitals (Icelandic: kennslusjúkrahús)
Iceland does not have its own specialist medical training system, so Icelandic doctors typically spend 8 or 10 years working abroad before returning to the country. They often use the relationship established in training for ongoing support.
The country is divided into 7 healthcare districts which correspond to the 8 regions of Iceland with the exception of the Northwestern Region and the Northeastern Region which are a single healthcare district.
- Capital Region Healthcare District (Icelandic: Heilbrigðisumdæmi höfuðborgarsvæðisins)
- Western Region Healthcare District (Icelandic: Heilbrigðisumdæmi Vesturlands)
- Westfjords Healthcare District (Icelandic: Heilbrigðisumdæmi Vestfjarða)
- Northern Healthcare District (Icelandic: Heilbrigðisumdæmi Norðurlands)
- Eastern Region Healthcare District (Icelandic: Heilbrigðisumdæmi Austurlands)
- Southern Region Healthcare District (Icelandic: Heilbrigðisumdæmi Suðurlands)
- Southern Peninsula Healthcare District (Icelandic: Heilbrigðisumdæmi Suðurnesja)
List of hospitals
There are two hospitals in Iceland, both of which are general and specialised.
|Name (English)||Name (Icelandic)||Founded||Type||Healthcare district||Municipality|
|National University Hospital of Iceland||Landspítali - háskólasjúkrahús||3 March 2000||General and specialised
|Akureyri Hospital||Sjúkrahúsið á Akureyri||General and specialised
List of health institutions
|Name (English)||Name (Icelandic)||Founded||Healthcare district||Municipality|
|Healthcare Institution of Blönduós||Heilbrigðisstofnunin Blönduósi||Northern||Blönduósbær|
|Healthcare Institution of Eastern Iceland||Heilbrigðisstofnun Austurlands||Eastern Region||Fljótsdalshérað|
|Healthcare Institution of Fjallabyggð||Heilbrigðisstofnunin Fjallabyggð||Northern||Fjallabyggð|
|Healthcare Institution of Patreksfjörður||Heilbrigðisstofnunin Patreksfirði||Westfjords||Vesturbyggð|
|Healthcare Institution of Sauðárkrókur||Heilbrigðisstofnunin Sauðárkróki||Northern||Sveitarfélagið Skagafjörður|
|Healthcare Institution of South Iceland||Heilbrigðisstofnun Suðurlands||1 September 2004||Southern Region||Sveitarfélagið Árborg|
|Healthcare Institution of Southeast Iceland||Heilbrigðisstofnun Suðausturlands||Southern Region||Sveitarfélagið Hornafjörður|
|Healthcare Institution of Southern Peninsula||Heilbrigðisstofnun Suðurnesja||Southern Peninsula||Reykjanesbær|
|Healthcare Institution of the Westfjords||Heilbrigðisstofnun Vestfjarða||Westfjords||Ísafjarðarbær|
|Healthcare Institution of Vestmannaeyjar||Heilbrigðisstofnunin Vestmannaeyjum||Southern Region||Vestmannaeyjabær|
|Healthcare Institution of Western Iceland||Heilbrigðisstofnun Vesturlands||1 January 2010||Western Region||Akraneskaupstaður|
|Healthcare Institution of Þingeyjarsýslur||Heilbrigðisstofnun Þingeyinga||Northern Healthcare District||Norðurþing|
- "Outcomes in EHCI 2015" (PDF). Health Consumer Powerhouse. 26 January 2016. Retrieved 27 January 2016.
- "Health at a Glance: Europe". OECD. Retrieved 3 July 2015.