Heartland (United States)
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Heartland is an American term referring to states of the Union that – as in the words of commentator Ronald Brownstein – "don't touch an ocean," whether the Atlantic or Pacific. At least as early as 2010, however, the term Heartland is used not only to refer to the Midwestern United States, but also many so-called "red states", including those of the Bible belt.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the mean center of population in the U.S. in 2010 was in or around Texas County, Missouri. In 2000 it had been northeast from there, in Phelps County, Missouri. It is projected for the mean center of population to leave the Midwest and enter the Western U.S. by the middle of the twenty-first century. (Note that when Alaska and Hawaii were admitted to the Union in 1959, the geographic center of the United States moved from Smith County, Kansas to Butte County, South Dakota.)
- Brownstein, Ronald (November 4, 2010). "Heartland Headache: Democrats have to be more competitive in states that don’t touch an ocean if they want to bounce back". National Journal.
- Yen, Hope (March 8, 2011). "US 'heartland' near historic shift from Midwest". Forbes. Associated Press.
- Imagined Heartland, Frontier to Heartland, Newberry Library (2009), Retrieved 4 February 2015
- The American Midwest: An Interpretive Encyclopedia, pp. 71-73 (2006)