Hearts (French: Cœur, German: Herz) is one of the four suits in playing cards of both the French deck and the German deck. However, the symbol is slightly different: in a French deck and in a German-suited deck.
The first playing cards published in Europe did not have any of the suits encountered in modern French suited-decks. Latin suits (Batons, Coins, Swords and Cups) may have been adapted from card games in the Muslim world. French suits were introduced by French playing-card makers at the end of the 15th century, probably by adapting Germanic suits (Acorns, Bells, Leaves and Hearts).
French retailers produced a simpler design compared with the earlier suits, allowing easier reproduction and therefore a lower manufacturing cost. The sign of heart is taken from the Germanic suits, but has been greatly simplified..
The cup, symbol of Treviso
The heart typically has a form of cardioid, the lower part of which ends in a point. The symbol is drawn with its tip down, the two lobes of the cardioid pointing upwards. Generally, the hearts are coloured red.
The gallery below shows a suit of Hearts from a German suited deck of 32 cards. The pack is of the Saxonian pattern:
|Symbol||Unicode||Entity in HTML|
|♥||U+2665 BLACK HEART SUIT|
|♡||U+2661 WHITE HEART SUIT|
|Example from Dingbats for one of the other forms of heart:|
|❤||U+2764 HEAVY BLACK HEART|
- K. McDonell (13 February 2007). "The Shape of My Heart - Where did the ubiquitous Valentine's symbol come from?". Slate.
- "How did they evolve? Cultural diversity & localisation". The World of Playing Cards.
- "An Introduction to Playing Cards". Playing Cards.
- "Games played with French suited cards". pagat.com.