Heath MacQuarrie

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Heath Macquarrie
Senator for Hillsborough, Prince Edward Island
In office
October 3, 1979 – September 18, 1994
Appointed byJoe Clark
Member of Parliament from Hillsborough
In office
June 25, 1968 – May 21, 1979
Preceded byfirst member
Succeeded byThomas McMillan
Member of Parliament from Queen's
In office
June 10, 1957 – June 24, 1968
Preceded byNeil Matheson
Succeeded byriding dissolved
Personal details
BornSeptember 18, 1919
Victoria, Prince Edward Island, Canada
DiedJanuary 2, 2002(2002-01-02) (aged 82)
Political partyProgressive Conservative

Heath Nelson Macquarrie (September 18, 1919 – January 2, 2002) was a Canadian politician, teacher, scholar, and writer. Macquarrie described himself as a Red Tory, using the term in the title of his autobiography Red Tory Blues.

During the October Crisis of 1970, he agonized over the implementation of the War Measures Act, and was prepared to vote against it, but relented for the sake of keeping the Tory caucus united behind Robert Stanfield. Writing in retrospect, Macquarrie described his vote in favour of the Act as "fundamentally wrong".

He was first elected to the House of Commons of Canada as a Progressive Conservative candidate in the 1957 federal election that brought John Diefenbaker to power. He served as a member of parliament for twenty-two consecutive years, until he was appointed to the Senate of Canada in 1979 on the advice of Joe Clark. He sat in the upper house for a further fifteen years, retiring at the mandatory age of 75 in 1994.

He was publicly loyal to Clark's successor, Brian Mulroney, but privately disagreed with the government on several occasions, once saying during a caucus meeting, "You know, a lot of people think I have a prominent nose because of my enjoyment of a certain beverage. Well, that's all nonsense. I got it that way by having to hold it so often while voting for some of Mulroney's bills."

Macquarrie remained active following his retirement from the Senate in 1994, by contributing a column to the Hill Times and to newspapers in his home province of Prince Edward Island.

Macquarrie was educated at Prince of Wales College, the University of Manitoba, the University of New Brunswick and McGill University. He studied for his doctorate at McGill, choosing for his thesis topic Robert Borden. He lectured at Brandon University and at Mount Allison University, in economics, political science and international relations.[1]

He edited and wrote the introduction to the published edition of Sir Robert Borden's diaries. An admirer of the World War I-era prime minister, Macquarrie considered Borden to be the architect of Canadian independence.


  • The Conservative Party (1965)
  • Robert Laird Borden: His Memoirs (1969, 2 vols.) (ed.)
  • Canada and the Third World (1976)
  • Canada and the Palestinians, 1947–1982 (1982), ISBN 0-88628-014-1
  • Red Tory Blues: A Political Memoir (1992), ISBN 0-8020-5958-9


There is a Heath Nelson Macquarrie fonds at Library and Archives Canada.[2]

Electoral record[edit]

1974 Canadian federal election: Hillsborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative Heath MacQuarrie 9,917 50.36
Liberal George Chandler 8,577 43.56
New Democratic Preston MacLeod 1,197 6.08
1972 Canadian federal election: Hillsborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative Heath MacQuarrie 10,605 55.13
Liberal Ian Glass 7,168 37.26
New Democratic Etsel Ross 1,464 7.61
1968 Canadian federal election: Hillsborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative Heath MacQuarrie 8,328 54.99
Liberal Jack McAndrew 6,447 41.05
New Democratic David Hall 930 5.92


  1. ^ Red Tory Blues, by Heath Macquarrie, University of Toronto Press, 1991.
  2. ^ "Heath Nelson Macquarrie fonds, Library and Archives Canada".

External links[edit]