|Location||Charing Cross, London, England|
Heaven is a superclub in Charing Cross, London, England. It has a long association with London's LGBT scene and is home to long-running gay night G-A-Y. The club is known for Paul Oakenfold's acid house events in the 1980s, the underground nightclub festival Megatripolis, and for being the birthplace of ambient house.
Soundshaft also hosted Future, a regular night on Thursdays run by Andrew Weatherall and Terry Farley. At the end of the night, both crowds would come together when the doors connecting Heaven & Future opened for the last couple of songs
Heaven was opened in December 1979 by Jeremy Norman in a former night club called Global Village, which was housed in the arches beneath Charing Cross railway station, once part of Adelphi Arches, a large wine-cellar for the hotel above. Norman was also chairman of Burke's Peerage, the publishers. The original hi-tech interior was designed by his partner, Derek Frost. Norman, an entrepreneur, had started an earlier club, The Embassy, in Old Bond Street in 1978. The Embassy proved to be successful and attracted a fashionable clientele; it is generally seen as the London equivalent of New York's Studio 54. Norman used his knowledge and experience of establishing and running a nightclub to create an entirely new kind of gay club on a larger scale. Heaven quickly established itself as the centre of the (then understated) gay London nightlife. Until it opened, most gay clubs were small hidden cellar-bars or pub discos. Heaven brought gay clubbing into the UK mainstream and gave London a club to rival New York's gay super club at the time, The Saint.
Heaven's first resident DJ was Ian Levine, who has been credited with being one of the first DJs in the UK of the now customary style of "beatmixing". His mix of Disco, Hi-NRG, and early House music became what is known as the Original Heaven Sound.
Under the direction of the club's original manager David Inches, Heaven sought DJs who would become exclusive to the club and were groundbreaking in terms of their music selection and style. Many Heaven DJs would go on to find greater acclaim in both the gay and mainstream music industry. Original Heaven DJs include: Tony De Vit, Colin Holsgrove, Marc Andrews, Marc Monroe, George Mitchell, Ian D, Tallulah, Jon Dennis, Rich B, Wayne G, and Steve Whyte. Heaven also attracted legendary names from the United States such as House music pioneer Frankie Knuckles, who played at the Thursday night Delirium!.
In 1982, Heaven was acquired from Norman by Richard Branson's Virgin Group. Branson was one of the first to identify the burgeoning 'pink pound' and saw the club as an investment opportunity, Branson reported in his autobiography that the £500,000 used to purchase Heaven were financed by the brewery supplying drinks to the venue.
Kevin Millins' club night Asylum (on Thursdays) started on 14 April 1983, with resident DJs Colin Faver and Mark Moore (S'Express). By 1985 this had become Pyramid (shifted to Wednesdays) and was one of the first clubs in the Country to play emerging House music from Chicago.
As one of the first gay clubs in London, and one of the first openly so in the world, Heaven courted controversy, frequently appearing in the tabloid press, especially in The Sun headlines about ecstasy use in the nightclub in 1989.
In the late 1980s, Heaven would host two what would become legendary nights during the height of Acid House, Techno, and Breakbeat Hardcore rave culture. The first was Spectrum promoted by Paul Oakenfold and Ian St Paul, which ran on Monday nights between April 1988 and 1990, and the other was Rage, a Thursday night running between October 1988 and 1993 which included DJs Fabio & Grooverider, Colin Faver, and Trevor Fung. Oakenfold brought in Jimmy Cauty and Alex Paterson (The Orb) as ambient DJs for his "The Land of Oz" nights at Heaven, club nights which Dom Phillips in Mixmag called "seminal". These chillout sessions in "The White Room", also involving Youth, heralded the birth of ambient house. Cauty's other band, The KLF, made their premier live performance at the Land of Oz in July 1989.
In the mid 1990s, Wednesday night was Fruit Machine, hosted by Miss Kimberly with a strong Drag theme. Fridays were Garage playing Techno and Hardbag with DJs Blu Peter and Mrs Wood. Saturday nights were 'Heaven is Saturday – Saturday is Heaven' which hosted a variety of parties and weekly changing themes.
Soundshaft was a small club attached to Heaven, which had a separate entrance on Hungerford Lane, behind Craven Street, although it was also accessible from the main club. Between 1988 and 1990, this hosted the seminal Troll night and which launched the career of DJs Daz Saund and Luke Slater. It is now called The Stage Bar.
In 1998, the club was refurbished and relaunched as a more mainstream venue to challenge increasingly popular clubs such as Trade and The Fridge. As part of this broadening appeal, a new Monday Indie night called Room Two started alongside its more trademark night of Popcorn which started on a Monday (and replaced Fridays Popstarz). To ensure the club stayed relevant, it also hosted nights from popular promoters such as Gatecrasher and Bedrock (on a Thursday night until 2005, with resident DJ John Digweed.
At the beginning of the 2000s, Heaven adopted a more mainstream Tribal house and Disco-influenced sound, employing DJs that had been resident at other major gay London nightclubs such as Trade and Salvation, such as Billy Gonzalez.
In 2003, Virgin sold the club to a consortium which comprised Paul Savory, David Inches, and Jeremy Millins (Pure Group).
On 22 September 2008, Heaven was purchased by the MAMA Group through its jointly owned subsidiary company G-A-Y Ltd. G-A-Y was a popular and long-running gay night hosted for many years at the London Astoria, and on Friday 3 October 2008, MAMA Group moved G-A-Y to Heaven. Little over a year later, MAMA Group itself was bought by music retailer HMV
Asset of Community Value
Heaven often features live performances by notable artists. These have included, but are not limited to (in alphabetical order):
- Adam Lambert
- Alan Walker
- Amanda Lear
- Army of Lovers
- Azealia Banks
- Baby D
- Bebe Rexha
- Big Bang
- Billie Ray Martin
- Black Lace
- Bombay Bicycle Club
- Bronski Beat
- Carl Cox
- CeCe Rogers
- Cher Lloyd
- Conchita Wurst
- Culture Beat
- Culture Club
- Cyndi Lauper
- Dannii Minogue
- Demi Lovato
- Eartha Kitt
- Ellie Goulding
- Everything Everything
- Franz Ferdinand
- Geri Halliwell
- Grace Jones
- Hazell Dean
- Hilary Duff
- Idina Menzel
- Janet Jackson
- Jessie J
- Kelly Clarkson
- Killing Joke
- Kim Petras
- Kylie Minogue
- Lady Gaga
- Leona Lewis
- Lily Allen
- Little Mix
- Loleatta Holloway
- Macy Gray
- Måns Zelmerlöw
- Martha Wash
- Melanie Martinez
- Miley Cyrus
- My Chemical Romance
- Nadine Coyle
- New Order
- Nick Jonas
- Nicole Scherzinger
- One Direction
- Pabllo Vittar
- Patty Walters
- Pet Shop Boys
- Pixie Lott
- Raye (singer)
- Rita Ora
- Sandra Bernhard
- Sophie Ellis-Bextor
- Tame Impala
- The Birthday Party
- The Chemical Brothers
- The Cribs
- The Pussycat Dolls
- The Rasmus
- The Saturdays
- The Sound
- Throbbing Gristle
- Two Door Cinema Club
- Vanessa Amorosi
- Will Young
- Years & Years
- Zara Larsson
- 5 Seconds of Summer
Monday continues to play host to Popcorn, a largely student night which plays pop and funky house music. It is a predominately gay event.
Thursday plays host to Porn Idol, a strip competition for men and women previously held at the Astoria, with £250 offered to the winner each week. The competition comprises several rounds, with £1,000 awarded to the season winner. It is preceded and followed by three rooms of pop.
Friday plays host to Camp Attack, a long-running night from the days at the Astoria.
Saturday night events continue to mostly feature a live performance.
- Brewster, Bill (2014). Last Night a DJ Saved My Life: The History of the Disc Jockey. Grove Press. p. 212. ISBN 9780802146106.
- "Frankie Knuckles". Faith Fanzine. 19 April 2011. Archived from the original on 9 January 2017. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
- "Interview / Noel Watson / Part 3 / Post-Delirium!". Test Pressing.
- Bill Brewster (12 January 2018). "S'Express Mastermind Mark Moore on Unsung Heroes of the UK's Early House Scene". RBMA Daily. Archived from the original on 4 April 2019. Retrieved 3 October 2018.
- "You're too Young to Remember the Eighties – Dancing in a Different Time". Datacide. 8 April 2009.
- Sam Richards (17 April 2013). "The Great British Freak-Out". MixMag.
- "Spectrum (London)". Original House. 16 March 2017.
- Laurant Fintoni (21 July 2015). "Nightclubbing: Fabio and Grooverider's Rage". RBMA Daily. Archived from the original on 4 April 2019.
- Bush, John. The Orb at AllMusic. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
- Boyd, Brian (23 October 1998). "Unidentified Flying Orb". The Irish Times. p. 12.
- Prendergast, Mark (2003). The Ambient Century: From Mahler to Moby-The Evolution of Sound in the Electronic Age. Bloomsbury Publishing PLC. p. 408. ISBN 1-58234-323-3.
- Phillips, Dom (1 March 1996). "50 greatest dance albums – No. 5, Chill Out – The KLF". Mixmag. Archived (via the Library of Mu) on 16 September 2016.Wikipedia:WikiProject The KLF/LibraryOfMu/478
- Simpson, Dave (7 June 2016). "How we made the Orb's Little Fluffy Clouds". The Guardian (Interview with Youth and Alex Paterson). Retrieved 7 March 2020.
- Cauty, Cressida (August 1989). "KLF Info Sheet 6". KLF Communications. Archived (via the Library of Mu) on 16 September 2016.Wikipedia:WikiProject The KLF/LibraryOfMu/506
- "Powder Room: Were Coming Out – Spunkflakes – Uptown Punk Rock N Roll with a B-Movie Twist". 13 April 1994.
- Stuart Brumfitt (16 October 2015). "The visual legacy of 90s gay club trade". Vice (ID).
- "MAMA Group "delighted" at acquisition of Heaven". PinkNews.co.uk. 25 September 2008.
- "HMV buys MAMA Group in live music takeover deal". BBC News. 23 December 2009.
- "Jeremy Joseph buys G-A-Y from HMV administrators". PinkNews.co.uk. 24 January 2013.
- "FANTASTIC NEWS: The 40th Anniversary of Heaven Nightclub in London achieves Asset of the Community status through NTIA". Night Time Industries Association.
- Bronski Beat, Heaven, September 12, 1983: https://www.setlist.fm/setlist/bronski-beat/1983/heaven-london-england-43826f8f.html
- Heaven Canaria
- Heaven Ibiza