Heavener Runestone Park

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Heavener Runestone Park
A map of Oklahoma showing the location of Heavener Runestone Park
A map of Oklahoma showing the location of Heavener Runestone Park
Location Le Flore County, Oklahoma, United States
Nearest city Heavener, OK
Coordinates 34°54′00″N 94°34′41″W / 34.9°N 94.578056°W / 34.9; -94.578056Coordinates: 34°54′00″N 94°34′41″W / 34.9°N 94.578056°W / 34.9; -94.578056
Area 55 acres (22 ha)
Established 1970
Governing body City of Heavener, Oklahoma

Heavener Runestone Park is a 55-acre (220,000 m2) park located in Le Flore County, Oklahoma. It is located near the city of Heavener, Oklahoma.[1] Formerly a state park of Oklahoma, it was transferred to the City of Heavener in 2011, and is now operated by the Friends of Heavener Runestone, a non-profit organization. The Viking Festival held at the park on two weekends a year serves as a fundraiser for operating and maintaining the park.

Opened in 1970, the park has been erected around the Heavener Runestone, a runestone found in 1923, and most likely inscribed in the 19th century, perhaps by a Swedish immigrant. The stone is located on Poteau Mountain just outside the town's limits.

Transfer from state to city park[edit]

The Oklahoma Tourism and Recreation Department announced in March 2011 that it would close the Heavener Runestone State Park on August 15, 2011, due to budget cuts.[2] However, the City of Heavener agreed to assume ownership and operation of the 55-acre park beginning July 1, 2011.[3]

Park facilities[edit]

Heavener Park is a day-use only park offering group shelters for picnics, picnic tables, outdoor grills, comfort stations, amphitheater, playground, hiking, exploring, and educational programs about the Runestone. Overnight camping can be found in nearby Lake Wister State Park. The park offers a park office, gift shop and interpretative center with educational information.[4]

Assessment of the runestone[edit]

Henrik Williams, a professor of Scandinavian languages at Uppsala University has studied the Heavener stone, as well as many other such stones elsewhere in the world. He said that the Heavener stone is an impressive runic memorial,[a] but is unlikely to be as old as some of the local legends claim. He noted that there is no evidence that any Europeans were in this area during the Viking era. He stated that these runes represent the Elder Futhark system that was common during 100 to 700 A. D., which predated the Viking era (750 to 1000 A. D.). Tool marks are still visible on the stone, whereas they should have weathered away if they were created in the Viking era.[5]

Viking Festival[edit]

The park became the site for the annual Heavener Runestone Viking Festival in 2011. It actually occurs on two weekends each year. Features of the event include Celtic and folk music, swordplay, displays of Viking-themed goods, games, a hike to view the runestone, and overnight camping. Many attendees dress up in Viking-like costumes. The purpose of the festival, besides pure enjoyment, is fundraising to support the park. Park Manager Erin Breusch claims that attendance has grown every year, and was about three thousand people at the April 2016 event. The most recent event was October 8-9, 2016, but the number of visitors was not available.[6]


  1. ^ The rock is 12 feet (3.7 m) by more than 12 feet (3.7 m) wide. Williams said the English translation of the eight runes is GNOMEDAL or GNLOMEDAL, which he interprets as Little Valley.[5]


  1. ^ "Heavener Runestone State Park". Oklahoma Tourism and Recreation Department. Retrieved January 6, 2013. 
  2. ^ Regina Smith (March 5, 2011). "Heavener Runestone State Park Closing Due To Budget Cuts". Poteau Daily News. 
  3. ^ Mary L. Crider (June 11, 2011). "Brushy Lake State Park Transfers To Sallisaw". The Times Record. 
  4. ^ "Heavener Runestone State Park". Oklahoma Historical Society. Retrieved August 28, 2016. 
  5. ^ a b Wallace, Josh. "Oklahoma runestone is impressive but not from Vikings, Swedish scholar says". NewsOK. May 27, 2015. Accessed August 6, 2016.
  6. ^ Fowler, Louis. "MORE ODIN FUN: 5th Annual Viking Festival brings thunder to Heavener’s Runestone Park. Red Dirt Report. September 30, 2016 Accessed November 16. 2016.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]