|Outfielder / Catcher / First baseman|
|Born: April 20, 1895|
|Died: October 9, 1960|
|1920, for the St. Louis Giants|
|1933, for the Memphis Red Sox|
|Runs batted in||423|
|Career highlights and awards|
Oscar "Heavy" Johnson (1895–1960) was a baseball player in the Negro leagues. He played catcher and outfielder. Johnson was one of the Negro league's foremost power hitters in the 1920s, reportedly weighing 250 pounds, and known for hitting home runs. Longtime MLB umpire Jocko Conlan once said that Johnson "could hit a ball out of any park."
Johnson was part of the all-black 25th Infantry Wreckers, a teammate of other future Negro leaguers including Bullet Rogan, Lemuel Hawkins, and Dobie Moore. He briefly played for the St. Louis Giants in 1920 while on Army furlough, hitting .300 in three games, but did not join the Negro leagues until his discharge in 1922. In his rookie season with the Kansas City Monarchs, Johnson batted .406, and posted a .345 average in the Cuban winter league. Johnson won a retroactive triple crown in 1923 with a .406 batting average, 20 home runs and 120 RBI in 98 games. He was the first player in Negro league history (1920-1948) to win two league batting titles (having led the Negro National League in 1922 and 1923 with a .406 batting average). Just eight more players would win at least two batting titles over the next two decades, and four of them matched Johnson in winning consecutive batting titles (of the nine, only Johnson and Artie Wilson are not currently inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame).
Johnson was also the first member of the Monarchs to hit a home run at the new Kansas City Municipal Stadium. Johnson was credited with more than 60 home runs against all opposition in 1924, and batted .296 in the 1924 Colored World Series, which was won by the Monarchs. Johnson then moved to the Baltimore Black Sox, where he posted averages of .345 and .337 in his 2 seasons with the club. In 1927, with the Harrisburg Giants, Johnson hit .316, teaming with John Beckwith and Oscar Charleston. Johnson split the 1928 season between the Cleveland Tigers and the Memphis Red Sox, posting a .315 average overall.
Former pitcher Bill "Plunk" Drake said that Johnson was once sleeping on the bench when he was awoken and told to pinch-hit; he grabbed a fungo bat and hit a home run. Despite Johnson's weight, he was described as a "remarkably fast runner for his bulk." He was also described as temperamental and moody, one of the "nasty boys". Johnson finished his career in 1933 with a .337 lifetime batting average.
In 2012, he was inducted into the Kansas Baseball Hall of Fame along with several other Negro League players.
- "Kansas City Defeats St. Louis Giants, 4-2" St. Louis Globe-Democrat, St. Louis, Missouri, July 5, 1920, Page 13
- "Monarchs Open 1923 Season Tomorrow at Association Park" Kansas City Advocate, Kansas City, KS, April 27 1923, Page 1 and 3
- "Negro Leagues Baseball eMuseum: Personal Profiles: Oscar "Heavy" Johnson". coe.ksu.edu. Retrieved 2011-08-20. Archived 2012-04-24 at the Wayback Machine.
- Conlan, Jocko; Robert W. Creamer (1997). Jocko. U of Nebraska Press. p. 243. ISBN 0-8032-6381-3.
- Seamheads.com Negro Leagues Database
- Peter Ventura and Patrick Rock (2004). Negro National League 1923 Yearbook. Ohiopyle: Replay Publishing
- Lester, Larry; Sammy J. Miller; Sammy Miller (2000). Black Baseball in Kansas City. Arcadia Publishing. pp. 25–26. ISBN 0-7385-0842-X.
- Lester, Larry (2006). Baseball's first colored world series: the 1924 meeting of the Hilldale Giants and Kansas City Monarchs. McFarland. p. 67. ISBN 0-7864-2617-9.
- Lester, Larry (2006). Baseball's first colored world series: the 1924 meeting of the Hilldale Giants and Kansas City Monarchs. McFarland. p. 66. ISBN 0-7864-2617-9.
- Schremmer, Mark. "Ks. Hall inducts Topeka's Negro League greats". The Topeka Capital-Journal. Retrieved 2022-10-13.
- Career statistics and player information from Baseball Reference, or Baseball Reference (Minors) and Seamheads
- Heavy Johnson at SABR (Baseball BioProject)