|This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2006)|
Hebburn shown within Tyne and Wear
|OS grid reference|
|Metropolitan borough||South Tyneside|
|Metropolitan county||Tyne and Wear|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Fire||Tyne and Wear|
|EU Parliament||North East England|
Hebburn is a small town situated on the south bank of the River Tyne in North East England, sandwiched between the towns of Jarrow and Bill Quay. The population of Hebburn is 18,808. reducing to 16,492 at the 2011 Census for the 2 Hebburn Wards (North & South).
Historically part of County Durham, it is thought that the name Hebburn may be derived from the Old English terms, heah meaning "high", and byrgen meaning a "burial mound", though it could also mean the high place beside the water. The first record of Hebburn mentions a settlement of fishermen's huts in the 8th century, which were burned by the Vikings.
Local legend claims that, until recently, a preserved longship lay embedded on the south bank of the Tyne at Hebburn. The object, visible at low tide, was however the remains of an old wooden "coal lighter". A genuine longship would likely have been salvaged by a historical society, or have had a protection order placed upon it.
In the 14th century the landscape was dominated by a peel tower. A 4-foot-6-inch-tall (137-centimetre) wall, a portion of which still remains at St. John's Church, could also be seen. The Lordship of the Manor of Hebburn passed through the hands of a number of families during the Middle Ages, including the Hodgsons of Hebburn (James 1974, Hodgson).
Coal was mined at Hebburn as early as the 17th century. Hebburn Colliery opened in 1792 and eventually operated three pits. It closed in 1932. 200 miners were killed during the life of the colliery. The youngest were 10 years old.
Hebburn also has a proud shipbuilding history with many Royal Navy battle ships being built at A. Leslie and Company. The most best known ship built at the ship yard was HMS Kelly, launched in 1938 and commanded by Lord Louis Mountbatten. One hundred and thirty men were killed when it was sunk and they are remembered in memorials at Hebburn Cemetery, which were erected by surviving members of the crew and workers from Hawthorn Leslie.
The former British Short-Circuit Testing Station in Victoria Road West within the town, owned by A. Reyrolle & Company provided the back drop for the Gary Numan video "Metal". The facility was demolished in 2011.
Hebburn Town F.C., formed in 1912, and Hebburn Reyrolle F.C. are the town's local non-league football teams. Hebburn Argyle, which existed in the early 1900s, reformed several years ago and is now known as Hebburn Argyle FC.
The Parachute Regiment 4th Para Reserves have a base in Hebburn.
The Air Cadets have a unit located at Hebburn TA Centre.
In 2012, the BBC commissioned a television series Hebburn to be set in the town. It was created and co-written by Jason Cook, who was raised in Hebburn. The first episode was broadcast on 18 October 2012.
- George Armstrong: Football player with Arsenal F.C.
- Chris Basham: Football player with Blackpool F.C. and Bolton Wanderers F.C
- Dominic Bruce OBE MC AFM KSG MA RAF: Known as the "Medium Sized Man", escaped from Colditz Castle
- Jason Cook: Comedian, writer of the BBC sitcom Hebburn
- Jack English: Football player
- Carl Finnigan: Football player with St Johnstone F.C, Falkirk F.C. and Newcastle United F.C
- Brendan Foster: Athlete and Sports commentator
- Arthur Holmes: Geologist
- Andrew Leslie: Shipbuilder
- Wilfred Milne: Football player
- Sir Fergus Montgomery: Conservative MP and Margaret Thatcher's Parliamentary Private Secretary
- Ray Wood: Football player with Manchester United F.C.
- Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Urban Areas : Table KS01 : Usual Resident Population DMM - Hebburn Colliery
- "Hebburn south ward population 2011". Retrieved 6 July 2015.
- "Hebburn north ward population2011". Retrieved 6 July 2015.
- http://www.dmm.org.uk/colliery/h045.htm Durham Mining Museum: Hebburn Colliery
- "Hebburn, Hawthorn Leslie Shipyard - sitelines.newcastle.gov.uk". twsitelines.info. Retrieved 28 June 2015.
- "Former Reyrolle site set to disappear". shieldsgazette.com. Retrieved 28 June 2015.
- "History". hebburntownfc.co.uk. Retrieved 28 June 2015.
- Jarrow and Hebburn AC
- "1027 (Jarrow) Squadron". 1027sqn.org. Retrieved 28 June 2015.
- Dipper, Andrew (2 September 2012). "Interview: Hebburn creator Jason Cook". Giggle Beats. Retrieved 1 December 2012.
- Lawson, Ruth. "Jason Cook's pilot show 'Hebburn' commissioned". The Chronicle.
- "Hebburn". BBC.
- "Hebburn Comprehensive School, South Tyneside". hebburn.net. Retrieved 28 June 2015.
- http://www.guardian.co.uk/obituaries/story/0,3604,391370,00.html George "Geordie" Armstrong
- "FOOTBALL MOURNS DEATH OF 'GEORDIE'", The South Shields Gazette (South Shields), 2 November 2000, retrieved 24 June 2010
- "Working Lives". google.co.uk. Retrieved 28 June 2015.
James, Mervyn (1974) Family, Lineage, and Civil Society: A Study of Society, Politics, and Mentality in the Durham Region, 1500-1640 (Oxford: Oxford University Press).
- South Tyneside Council & Community website - Local council website
- Hebburn Colliery - Information about Hebburn Colliery
- Hebburn.org - Site detailing history of the town