Hebe (1810 ship)

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History
United Kingdom
Name: Hebe
Namesake: Hebe
Owner:
  • 1810:John Staniforth[1]
    • J.S. Blount & Co. ship's husband[2]
  • 1825:T & J. Brocklebank
Builder: Thomas Steemson, Paull, Hull,[1]
Launched: 7 March 1810[1]
Fate: Wrecked 1833
General characteristics
Tons burthen: 413,[3] or 4131594,[1] or 417[4] or 425,[5] or 435[6] or 439[7] (bm)
Length:
  • 116 ft 6 in (35.5 m)[3] (overall)
  • 94 ft 6 14 in (28.8 m)[3]
Beam: 28 ft 8 in (8.7 m)[3]
Propulsion: Sail
Complement:
Armament:
  • 1810:12 × 12&9-pounder guns[6]
  • 1810:2 × 9-pounder guns + 10 × 12-poundercarronades
  • 1815:16 × 12-pounder carronades[4]
Notes: Two decks

Hebe, built in Hull in 1810, made two notable voyages, one voyage as an extra ship (i.e., under charter) for the British East India Company (EIC), and one voyage transporting convicts to New South Wales. In between, an American privateer captured Hebe, but the British Royal Navy recaptured her. Hebe was wrecked in 1833.

Career[edit]

EIC voyage[edit]

Robert Johnson received a letter of marque on 16 May 1810.[6] He sailed from Portsmouth on 9 June, reached Madeira on 25 June and Saugor on 5 December, before arriving at Calcutta on 12 December. Homeward bound, Hebe was at Saugor on 28 January 1811, reached St Helena on 11 May, and arrived at the Downs on 13 July.[3]

Capture and recapture[edit]

The Register of Shipping for 1813 shows Hebe's master as W. Brigham, and her trade as London—Malta, changing to London−Hayti.[5] On 25 July 1812 Hebe left Malta for Smyrna in company with Scipio, James Silk Buckingham, master. The next day, while in the Archipelago, they became becalmed, with Hebe some three miles from Scipio, too far away to render assistance when two Greek pirate vessels attacked Scipio. Scipio was able to repel the attack, sinking one pirate vessel and causing great casualties amongst her attackers, without having any men killed, though half her crew of 25 were wounded.[8]

On 25 January 1813 the American privateer Dolphin captured Hebe, of 16 guns and 40 men, and the brig Three Brothers, of ten guns and 25 men.[9] A musket ball wounded Captain W.A. Brigham, of Hebe, and later a powder explosion injured him further.[10] Dolphin had four men wounded and the British nine or 10, including Brigham.[9] Lloyd's List reported that Hebe had been returning to London and Three Brothers to Liverpool, both from Malta. Dolphin captured Hebe some 25 leagues southwest of Cape St Vincent after a single-ship action of two hours. Dolphin captured Three Brothers later.[11]

HMS Shannon recaptured Hebe six days later, before she could reach America.[12] Dolphin returned to Baltimore on 13 February. The Royal Navy captured her at the Battle of Rappahannock River and took her into service as HMS Dolphin.

Voyages to Australia and India[edit]

The Library of New South Wales has Hebe's logbook, James Porter, master, for 1 March 1815 to 27 July 1816, covering a voyage from England to Port Jackson and return.[13] By one account Hebe, Porter, master, arrived at Port Jackson on 5 November 1815 with merchandise. She supposedly left the same day for Calcutta.[14]

The Library also has a second logbook that covers 30 November 1816 to 19 June 1817, and 4 October 1817 to 25 March 1820. The first covers a voyage from England to the Cape, and return. The second covers a voyage from England to Calcutta, Madrid, and return.[13]

On 31 March 1818 representatives of the British and Foreign Bible Society visited Hebe, John Sugden, master, then at London, bound for Bengal. They found that 16 of the 20 men aboard could read. There were two bibles on board and the Society left one more, free of charge.[2]

Convict voyage to Port Jackson[edit]

Hebe, under the command of Captain Thackeray Wetherall, departed England on 31 July 1820. She was at Rio de Janeiro for ten days before arriving at Van Diemen's Land on 31 December. Hebe landed her prisoners at Port Jackson on 11 January 1821.[15] She had embarked 160 male prisoners, one of whom died on the voyage.[16] The 48th Regiment of Foot provided a sergeant and 30 rank-and-file to act as guards; they were under the command of Lieutenant Campbell of the 59th Regiment.

Hebe was intending to sail for England via Batavia in February 1821. However, the Asiatic Journal reported that Hebe, Wetherall, master, arrived at Madras on 4 February and left for Calcutta on 22 March.[17] Hebe, under the command of Captain Maitland (late Wetherall), arrived at Gravesend on 23 January 1822 having been at Bengal on 25 August and Cape of Good Hope 15 November.[18]

Other voyage notes[edit]

Circa 1825 T. & J. Brocklebank purchased Hebe. On 31 March 1825 Hebe sailed from Alexandria. She arrived at Milford on 31 May with a foul bill of health and had to discharge.[19]

Then on 31 January 1826 Hebe put back into St. John NB in distress. She unloaded and was hauled up for survey.[20] Later that year Hebe underwent a large repair, subsequent to which her burthen increased.[7]

Then around 16 December 1828 Hebe put into Cowes damaged, having lost one man.

Hebe in the Registers[edit]

In the table below, "†" indicates that the source is Lloyd's Register. The symbol "‡" indicates that the source is the Register of Shipping, which published from 1800 to 1833. There are clearly many small discrepancies between the two sources, some surely due to differences in the timing of the arrival of updated information.

Year Master Owner Trade Burthen
1815† W. Brigham Staniforth London—West Indies 413
1815‡ J. Porter Staniforth London—(New?) South Wales 417
1820† J. Porter
Wetherell
Staniforth
Captain & Co.
London—India
Falmouth—B(otany?) Bay
413
1820‡ Sugden Staniforth London—Calcutta 417
1825† Cousins Brocklebank London—New Brunswick 413
1825‡ Curzons
W. Boag
Broksbank London—Bermuda
Liverpool—New Brunswick
417
1830† W. Boig Brocklebank London—New York 439
1830‡ W. Boag Brocklebank London—New York 417
1833† Straughn Brocklebank London—Quebec 439
1833‡ Straughn Brocklebank London—Quebec 434

Fate[edit]

Hebe, Straughan, master, was wrecked on 10 July 1833 near Cape Ray, Newfoundland and Labrador. Her crew was saved.[21]

Citations and references[edit]

Citations

  1. ^ a b c d Hackman (2001), p. 125.
  2. ^ a b c Fourteenth Report of the British and Foreign Bible Society (1818), p.253.
  3. ^ a b c d e British Library: Hebe.
  4. ^ a b Register of Shipping (1815), Seq. №H322.
  5. ^ a b Register of Shipping (1813), Seq. №H302.
  6. ^ a b c d "Register of Letters of Marque against France 1793-1815"; p.87 Archived July 9, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ a b Lloyd's Register (1830), Seq. №H275.
  8. ^ Buckingham (1855), pp. 42–50, Vol. 2.
  9. ^ a b Coggeshall (1856), pp. 128-9.
  10. ^ Maclay (1900), pp. 465-7.
  11. ^ Lloyd's List №4747.
  12. ^ "No. 16861". The London Gazette. 22 February 1814. p. 413.
  13. ^ a b State LIbrary of New South Wales: James Porter logbooks, 1815-1820.
  14. ^ "Arrival of Vessels at Port Jackson, and their Departure". Australian Town and Country Journal, Saturday 3 January 1891, p.16. Retrieved 10 May 2012.
  15. ^ Bateson (1959), pp. 294-5.
  16. ^ Bateson (1959), p. 328.
  17. ^ Asiatic Journal and Monthly Register for British and Foreign ... (1821), Vol. 12, p.509.
  18. ^ Asiatic Journal and Monthly Register for British and Foreign ... (February 1821), Vol. 13, p.203.
  19. ^ Lloyd's List №6016.
  20. ^ Lloyd's List №6101.
  21. ^ The Nautical Magazine a Journal of Papers on Subjects Connected with Maritime Affairs in General (1833), Vol. 2, p.621.

References

  • Bateson, Charles (1959). The Convict Ships. Brown, Son & Ferguson. OCLC 3778075.
  • Buckingham, James Silk (1855) Autobiography of James Silk Buckingham: Including His Voyages, Travels, Adventures, Speculations, Successes and Failures, Faithfully and Frankly Narrated Interspersed with Characteristic Sketches of Public Men, with Whom He Has Had Intercourse, During a Period of More Than Fifty Years. (Longman)
  • Coggeshall, George (1856) History of the American Privateers, and Letters-Of-Marque. (New York).
  • Hackman, Rowan (2001) Ships of the East India Company. (Gravesend, Kent: World Ship Society). ISBN 0905617967
  • Maclay, Edgar Stanton (1900), A history of American privateers. (Sampson, Low, Marston & co,).