|Book||Epistle to the Hebrews|
|Christian Bible part||New Testament|
|Order in the Christian part||19|
Hebrews 4 is the fourth chapter of the Epistle to the Hebrews in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. The author is anonymous, although the internal reference to "our brother Timothy" (Hebrews 13:23) causes a traditional attribution to Paul, but this attribution has been disputed since the second century and there is no decisive evidence for the authorship. This chapter contains the admonition to press on toward 'God's Rest' and a reflection on the power of God's Word.
Some early manuscripts containing this chapter are:
- Papyrus 46 (175–225; complete)
- Papyrus 13 (225-250; complete)
- Codex Vaticanus (325-350)
- Codex Sinaiticus (330-360)
- Codex Alexandrinus (400-440)
- Codex Ephraemi Rescriptus (~450; complete)
- Codex Freerianus (~450; extant verse 3-6, 12-14)
- Codex Claromontanus (~550)
- Codex Coislinianus (~550; extant verse 12–15)
Old Testament references
- Hebrews 4:1: Psalm 95:11
- Hebrews 4:3: Psalm 95:7-11
- Hebrews 4:4: Genesis 2:2
- Hebrews 4:5: Psalm 95:11
- Hebrews 4:7: Psalm 95:7, 8
A call to faithfulness (3:7–4:13)
- again He designates a certain day, saying in David, "Today," after such a long time, as it has been said:
- "Today, if you will hear His voice,
- Do not harden your hearts."
David is explicitly named to have written these words from Psalm 95 (95:11), which happened long after the Israelites already enjoyed rest and established in Canaan under the leadership of Joshua. Therefore, this day ("Today") is another day in the future for God's people to enter a heavenly rest, beyond the enjoyment of life in the land of Israel.
- For if Joshua had given them rest, then He would not afterward have spoken of another day.
The "rest" experienced by the Israelites in the time of Joshua was 'an earthly anticipation of the ultimate, heavenly rest', an old covenant promise that is fulfilled in a transformed way by Jesus Christ.
- For the word of God is living and powerful, and sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing even to the division of soul and spirit, and of joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.
The compassion of Christ (4:14–5:10)
- For we do not have a High Priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but was in all points tempted as we are, yet without sin.
- High priest
- Jesus Christ
- Related Bible parts: Numbers 1, Psalm 95, Luke 4, Luke 22, John 10, 1 Corinthians 10, 2 Corinthians 12, Philippians 3, 2 Timothy 1, Hebrews 2, Revelation 3
- Attridge 2007, p. 1236.
- deSilva 2005, p. 201.
- Attridge 2007, pp. 1242-3.
- deSilva 2005, p. 203.
- deSilva 2005, p. 202.
- Kirkpatrick, A. F. (1901). The Book of Psalms: with Introduction and Notes. The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges. Book IV and V: Psalms XC-CL. Cambridge: At the University Press. p. 839. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
- Hebrews 4:7 NKJV
- Peterson 1994, p. 1330.
- Peterson 1994, p. 1331.
- Hebrews 4:8 NKJV
- Hebrews 4:12 NKJV
- Hebrews 4:15 NKJV
- Gill, John. Exposition of the Entire Bible - Hebrews 4:15
- Attridge, Harold W. (2007). "75. Hebrews". In Barton, John; Muddiman, John (eds.). The Oxford Bible Commentary (first (paperback) ed.). Oxford University Press. pp. 1236–1254. ISBN 978-0199277186. Retrieved February 6, 2019.
- deSilva, David A. (2005). "Hebrews". In Evans, Craig A. (ed.). Bible Knowledge Background Commentary: John's Gospel, Hebrews-Revelation. The Bible Knowledge Series (illustrated ed.). Colorado Springs, Colo.: Victor. pp. 199–256. ISBN 9780781442282.
- Peterson, David (1994). "Hebrews". In Carson, D. A.; France, R. T.; Motyer, J. A.; Wenham, G. J. (eds.). New Bible Commentary: 21st Century Edition (4, illustrated, reprint, revised ed.). Inter-Varsity Press. pp. 1321–1353. ISBN 9780851106489.