The governorate's land area is 1,060 square kilometers and its population according to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics in mid-year 2010 was 600,364. This makes the Hebron Governorate the largest of 16 governorates in both population and land area in the Palestinian territories. The city of Hebron is the district capital or muhfaza (seat) of the governorate. The governor is Hussein al-A'araj and its district commander is Abdel Fattah al-Ju’eidi.
The following have populations over 1,000 persons.