Heceta Head Light
|Location||Heceta Head, Florence, Oregon|
|Tower shape||Conical attached to workroom|
|Tower height||56 feet (17 m)|
|Focal height||205 feet (62 m)|
|Lens||First order Fresnel lens|
|Range||21 nautical miles (39 km; 24 mi)|
|Characteristic||Flash white, 10 seconds|
|Heritage||NRHP listed place|
Heceta Head Lighthouse and Keepers Quarters
|Nearest city||Florence, Oregon|
|Area||3.5 acres (1.4 ha)|
|Built by||United States Coast Guard|
|NRHP reference No.||78002296|
|Added to NRHP||November 28, 1978|
Heceta Head Light is a lighthouse on the Oregon Coast 13 miles (21 km) north of Florence, and 13 miles (21 km) south of Yachats in the United States. It is located at Heceta Head Lighthouse State Scenic Viewpoint, a state park, midway up a 205-foot-tall (62 m) headland. Built in 1894, the 56-foot (17 m)-tall lighthouse shines a beam visible for 21 nautical miles (39 km; 24 mi), making it the strongest light on the Oregon Coast.
The light is maintained by the Oregon Parks and Recreation Department (OPRD), while the assistant lighthouse keepers' house, operated as a bed-and-breakfast inn, is maintained by the U.S. Forest Service. The lighthouse is 2 miles (3 km) from Sea Lion Caves.
History and construction
Heceta Head is named after the Spanish explorer Bruno de Heceta, who explored the Pacific Northwest during the late 18th century. Before him, Heceta Head was a spot of frequent fishing and hunting by the American Indian tribes that populated the area. Heceta Head is part of the Siuslaw Indians' traditional lands, known in their language as ɫtúwɪs. They hunted sea lions in the area and gathered sea bird eggs from the offshore rocks. It was also the site of a legend — the Animal People built a great stone wall, which is now the cliffs, and tricked the Grizzly Bear brothers to their deaths there. In 1888, white settlers moved into the area and claimed 164 acres (66 ha) of the surrounding land. That same year, the United States Lighthouse Service approved the building of the lighthouse, and the government bought 19 acres (7.7 ha), out of the 164 acres (66 ha) previously purchased, for the lighthouse structures.
In 1892, a crew of 56 began construction on the site. Because of the site's seclusion, building materials were either shipped in if the weather and tide permitted, or brought from Florence by wagon, the latter usually taking four or five hours. Stones were brought from the Clackamas River and bricks came from San Francisco. The lens system was made by Chance Brothers. Completed in August 1893, the entire project cost $80,000 and consisted of:
- The lighthouse
- Houses for the head lightkeeper, the two assistant lightkeepers and their families
- A barn
- Two kerosene oil storage buildings — if one had caught fire, there was a secondary source
Heceta Head Light and Keepers Quarters was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1978 for its architectural and engineering significance. The site originally included several other buildings — farm buildings and the single-family head lighthouse keeper's house, which was demolished in 1940, and was very similar in size and design to the remaining house. Due to electrification, the head lighthouse keeper was no longer needed, and the house was bought for $10 and dismantled for its lumber, which was used to build Alpha Bit bookstore-cafe in Mapleton, still standing today. The remaining keepers' house was a duplex that housed the first and second assistant lighthouse keepers and their families. After the light was automated in 1963, the last keepers moved away, and the remaining house was leased to Lane Community College in 1970 by the U.S. Forest Service, which had taken over management of the building. The porch of the Queen Anne-style house underwent restoration in 1981.
The Heceta Head Lighthouse closed to the public in August 2011 for restoration and repairs. Under the supervision of OPRD preservation architect Sue Licht, a team of more than 100 subcontractors and craftsmen, the majority of whom were from Oregon, removed cement stucco that had sealed in moisture so that the lighthouse could air out in the damp coastal environment. They also replaced and restored the tower's historic metalwork and masonry, installed new windows, and repaired the lens rotating mechanism. The interior and exterior of the lighthouse were repainted and the original wood floor of the workroom was uncovered and reconditioned. The lighthouse has been returned as much as possible to the way it would have looked in 1894. It was open again after two years on June 8, 2013, when the OPRD welcomed a group of nearly 100 supporters to Heceta Head State Scenic Viewpoint to celebrate the reopening.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
- "Heceta Head Lighthouse State Scenic Viewpoint". Oregon Parks and Recreation Department. Retrieved 2007-08-23.
- Harrington, John Peabody. 1942. Alsea, Siuslaw, Coos, Southwestern Oregon Athapaskan Vocaularies, Linguistic Notes, Ethnographic and Historical Notes. JPH papers, Alaska/Northwest Coast, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC; 24:232
- Harrington, John Peabody. 1942. Alsea, Siuslaw, Coos, Southwestern Oregon Athapaskan Vocaularies, Linguistic Notes, Ethnographic and Historical Notes. JPH papers, Alaska/Northwest Coast, Nat'l Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.; 23:318a
- Jacobs, Melville. 1932-34. Coos notes. University of Washington, Seattle WA
- Frachtenberg, Leo. 1913. Coos Texts. Columbia University, Contributions of Anthropology, No. 1, New York
- "Heceta Head Lighthouse" (PDF). Oregon Parks and Recreation Department. Archived from the original (pdf) on 2006-03-21. Retrieved 2008-06-20.
- "Oregon listings for Lane County". National Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2007-08-23.
- Style & Vernacular: A Guide to the Architecture of Lane County, Oregon. Western Imprints, The Press of the Oregon Historical Society. 1983. ISBN 0-87595-085-X.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Heceta Head Light.|
- Heceta Head Lighthouse Keeper’s House (official website)
- Heceta Head Light entry in National Park Service inventory of historic lighthouses
- Discover Oregon Lighthouses: Heceta
- "Ghostly Tale Draws Couple To Heceta Head", May 16, 2002 article from The Register-Guard
- Heceta House: A History and Architectural Survey from the U.S. Forest Service
- 3D Model