Heckler & Koch MG4
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|Heckler & Koch MG4|
A left-side view of the Heckler & Koch MG4
|Type||Light machine gun|
|Place of origin||Germany|
|Used by||See Users|
|Wars||Yemeni Civil War (2015–present)|
Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen
Saudi–Yemeni border conflict (2015–present)
|Designer||Heckler & Koch|
|Manufacturer||Heckler & Koch|
|Mass||8.15 kg (17.97 lb) (MG4)|
7.90 kg (17.4 lb) (MG4E)
7.70 kg (17.0 lb) (MG4KE)
|Length||1,030 mm (40.6 in) stock extended / 830 mm (32.7 in) stock folded (MG4, MG4E)|
950 mm (37.4 in) stock extended / 750 mm (29.5 in) stock folded (MG4KE)
|Barrel length||450 mm (17.7 in) (MG4, MG4E)|
370 mm (14.6 in) (MG4KE)
|Width||90 mm (3.5 in)|
|Height||250 mm (9.8 in)|
|Action||Gas-operated, rotating bolt|
|Rate of fire||890 (± 60) RPM (MG4)|
775 (± 50) RPM (MG4E, MG4K)
|Muzzle velocity||920 m/s (3,018 ft/s) (MG4, MG4E)|
880 m/s (2,887.1 ft/s) (MG4KE)
|Effective firing range||Approx. 1,000 m (MG4, MG4E)|
Approx. 900 m (MG4KE)
|Feed system||M27 linked disintegrating belt|
|Sights||Iron sights; MIL-STD-1913 rail provided for optics, German Army models are equipped with telescopic sights with 3× magnification.|
The Heckler & Koch MG4 (also known as the HK123) is a belt-fed 5.56 mm light machine gun designed and developed by German firearm manufacturer Heckler & Koch. The weapon was developed in the late 1990s and was first seen publicly in September 2001. It has been selected to replace the 7.62 mm MG3 general-purpose machine gun in the Bundeswehr at the squad support level; it will complement the MG3 in other roles. The MG4 will also be the secondary armament of the new Puma infantry fighting vehicle. Overall, it is designed to be light, provide maximum safety to the user and function reliably under adverse conditions using a wide range of ammunition from different manufacturers, without the need to adjust the gas system. The machine gun was initially known as the MG43 prior to its adoption by the Bundeswehr.
The MG4 is an air-cooled, belt-fed gas-operated light machine gun with a positively locked rotary bolt and is somewhat similar in concept to the Belgian Minimi light machine gun. Safety mechanisms on the machine gun includes a manual safety incorporated into the fire mode selector toggle; setting the fire selector lever on the "safe" position blocks the trigger mechanically and locks the bolt in the cocked position. When the bolt is not pulled back completely, accidental firing is prevented by an integral, automatic mechanism that prevents the bolt from traveling forward. In addition, the firing pin cannot reach the cartridge primer until the cartridge has been fully chambered.
The machine gun is fed from a disintegrating belt and is carried out in two stages from the top left using an enhanced pawl mechanism. As on the MG42 family of machine guns, the belt is expelled to the right and spent cases are ejected downwards, although sideways ejection to the right is an option.
The MG4 has a hammer-forged quick-change barrel that can be safely exchanged when hot without the need for protective gloves; the carrying handle serves as the barrel change grip. The barrel assembly weighs 1.80 kg (3.97 lb). To reduce the overall length of the weapon for transport, the butt stock can be folded to the left side of the receiver. With the buttstock folded the MG4 remains fully operable. A field cleaning kit is housed within the stock. The MG4 takes zero shifts between barrel assemblies into account by making the front sight of the assemblies mechanically adjustable. In its standard form, the MG4 is equipped with closed type iron sights with range settings up to 1,000 m (1,094 yd) in 100 m (109 yd) increments. The folding front sight element is mounted on the barrel assembly and is adjustable mechanically for both windage and elevation. The sight line radius is 602 millimeters (23.7 in). Optical or night sights or laser pointers can be mounted on a length of MIL-STD-1913 Picatinny rail located on the receiver feed tray cover. Bundeswehr models are equipped with telescopic sights with 3× magnification.
A folding bipod weighing 0.70 kg (1.54 lb) is provided. Supporting interfaces are integrated into the receiver to allow the MG4 to be mounted on the standard American M122A1 tripod for increased accuracy and stability.
The Heckler & Koch MG4 (HK123) light machine gun is chambered in 5.56×45mm NATO cartridge and has been adopted by the Bundeswehr.
An export variant of the MG4 that has been slightly modified and is slightly lighter. The letter "E" in the designation stands for "Export". It has a different gas assembly that reduces the cyclic rate of fire. In 2007, the Spanish Army adopted this variant as their standard light machine gun. The Spanish Military of Defence ordered 1,800–2,000 of these light machine guns.
MG4 Vehicle Weapon (HK123 Vehicle Weapon)
A variant of the MG4 configured for use as a vehicle or coaxial machine gun. It lacks a buttstock, rear sight, cartridge case deflector, handguard, and bipod mount. It can be fitted with a remote firing device and safety/fire selector lever. It can also be fitted for dismounted use.
A variant of the MG4 with a shorter barrel.
An export variant of the MG4K.
A German Army modernized variant under test that introduces Heckler & Koch MG5 elements such as being fitted with the Hensoldt ZO 4×30 Intermediate Range Targeting Optic combined with a red dot as optical day sights with 4× magnification to promote accuracy of fire. Like the MG5 the MG4 A3 uses a RAL 8000 green brown surface finish.
The Heckler & Koch MG5 (HK121) general-purpose machine gun is chambered in 7.62×51mm NATO cartridge and has been adopted by the Bundeswehr. It is based on the MG4, however there are only few parts that are interchangeable due to the machine guns having different calibers and their size differences.
- Albania: Standard light support weapon of Albanian Land Forces
- Brazil: Limited use on the Brazilian Army
- Estonia: Used by ESTSOF.
- Germany: Standard platoon-level support weapon of the German Army, adopted in 2005.
- Malaysia: Used by PASKAL special operations force tactical of the Royal Malaysian Navy, adopted in 2006.
- Spain: Ordered 1,800–2,000 MG4E machine guns in 2007 with deliveries expected to continue over the next four years. Standard LMG for the Spanish Army, usually fitted with an ACOG sight.
- Turkey Air Force MAK SF
- Saudi Arabia Standard light machine gun
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- Ministria Mbrojtjes (2017-04-05), Armatimi i ri i FA, retrieved 2018-03-21
- CIGS procede à Experimentação Doutrinária do Grupo de Combate de Selva, https://www.defesaaereanaval.com.br/exercito/cigs-procede-a-experimentacao-doutrinaria-do-grupo-de-combate-de-selva#comment-160920 Missing or empty
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- Arthur, Gordon (August 2015). Royal Malaysian Navy Special Forces. Combat & Survival. p. 48. ISSN 0955-9841.
- "Combat & Survival Magazine August 2015". Combat & Survival Magazine August 2015. August 2015. Archived from the original on 2015-11-05. Retrieved 2015-11-09.
- Dan, Alex (9 February 2016). "PASKAL Malaysian Special Forces Weapons". Military Factory (Small Arms). Archived from the original on 14 February 2016. Retrieved 10 February 2016.
- "AFEGANISTÃO: UNIDADE DE PROTECÇÃO DA FORÇA EM OPERAÇÕES | Operacional".
- "Spanish Army procures the MG4 E". Heckler & Koch. 2007-08-02. Retrieved 2009-05-02.
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