Heckler & Koch UMP
|Heckler & Koch UMP|
The Heckler & Koch UMP45 with a vertical foregrip
|Place of origin||Germany|
|Used by||See Users|
|Manufacturer||Heckler & Koch|
With unloaded magazine:
|Barrel length||200 mm (8 inches)|
|Action||Blowback, closed bolt|
|Rate of fire||
|Muzzle velocity||285 m/s (935 ft/s) (.45 ACP)|
|Effective firing range|
The Heckler & Koch UMP (Universale Maschinenpistole, German for "Universal Submachine Gun") is a submachine gun developed and manufactured by Heckler & Koch. The UMP has been adopted by various agencies such as the U.S. Customs and Border Protection. Heckler & Koch developed the UMP as a lighter and cheaper successor to the MP5, though both remain in production.
As originally designed, the UMP is chambered for larger cartridges (.45 ACP and .40 S&W) than other submachine guns like the MP5, to provide more stopping power against unarmoured targets (with slightly lower effectiveness at longer range) than the MP5 (largely offered in 9×19mm, albeit with short-lived production of 10mm Auto and .40 S&W variants). A larger cartridge produces more recoil, and makes it more difficult to control in fully automatic firing. To mitigate this, the cyclic rate of fire was reduced to 650–745 rounds per minute (RPM) for the UMP40 and 600 (colt) or 700 (+ P) rounds per minute for the UMP45, which makes it one of the slowest firing modern submachine guns within the market.
The UMP9 (the 9×19mm version of the UMP) is almost 0.2 kilograms (0.44 lb) lighter than its MP5 counterpart. Its predominantly polymer construction reduces both its weight and the number of parts susceptible to corrosion.
The UMP is available in four trigger group configurations, featuring different combinations of semi-automatic, 2-round burst, fully automatic, and safe settings. It features a side-folding buttstock to reduce its length during transport. When the last round of the UMP is fired, the bolt locks open, and can be released via a catch on the left side. The standard viewing sights are composed of an aperture rear sight and a front ring with a vertical post. It can mount four Picatinny rails (one on top of the receiver, and one on the right, left, and the bottom of the handguard) for the attachment of accessories such as optical sights, flashlights, or laser sights. Vertical fore-grips can be attached to the bottom rail for increased control during burst and automatic fire.
The UMP is interchangeable between three different calibers:
The UMP45, chambered in .45 ACP cartridge
The UMP40, chambered in .40 S&W cartridge
The UMP9, chambered in 9×19mm Parabellum cartridge
Apart from the different chambering, all versions feature the same design model, the exterior differences being the curved magazine used on the UMP9, while both the UMP40 and UMP45 each use a straight magazine. All three versions of the weapon can be cross-converted to any of the round chamberings via replacing the bolt, barrel, and magazine.
The USC or Universal Self-loading Carbine is a semi-automatic variant of the UMP for private citizens. It was designed following the Assault Weapons Ban of 1994 in the United States and was introduced in 2000. Changes from the original UMP include a "thumbhole" type stock/grip instead of the pistol grip of the UMP, a longer barrel without the flash suppressor, a magazine limited to 10 rounds, and a semi-automatic-only trigger group and action. Originally available in gray, as of 2008 the USC came only in an all-black finish. Production of the USC was halted in 2013. In 2018 H&K announced a limited production run of new USC rifles.
In 2000, H&K recalled certain UMP and USC serial numbers due to faulty operating handles. The faulty handles, made of a polymer, could break off making the weapons inoperable.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-06-17. Retrieved 2018-06-17.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- ARG. "Heckler & Koch UMP Submachine Gun | Military-Today.com". www.military-today.com. Archived from the original on 2016-08-11. Retrieved 2016-09-20.
- Krieger, Jim (9 March 2010). "Guns of the United States Border Patrol". Archived from the original on 7 May 2010. Retrieved 8 August 2013.
- "Heckler & Koch – Group Website". Heckler-koch.com. Archived from the original on 2009-05-27. Retrieved 2009-06-26.
- Cutshaw, Charles Q (2011). Tactical Small Arms of the 21st Century: A Complete Guide to Small Arms From Around the World. Iola, Wisconsin: Gun Digest Books. p. 156. ISBN 978-1-4402-2709-7. Archived from the original on 11 June 2016. Retrieved 8 August 2013.
- Manual, HK UMP. "HK UMP40 and UMP45 Manual" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2018-05-16.
- Dockery, Kevin (2007). Future Weapons. New York: Penguin Group US. pp. 383–385. ISBN 978-1-101-20618-8. Archived from the original on 6 May 2016. Retrieved 8 August 2013.
- Peterson, Phillip (19 August 2011). Gun Digest Book of Modern Gun Values. Iola, Wisconsin: Gun Digest Books. p. 324. ISBN 978-1-4402-1833-0. Retrieved 8 August 2013.
- Ramage, Ken (2008). Gun Digest 2009: The World's Greatest Gun Book. Iola, Wisconsin: F+W Media, Inc. p. 176. ISBN 978-0-89689-647-5. Archived from the original on 18 June 2018. Retrieved 8 August 2013.
- "H&K Discontinues USC Sales - The Firearm Blog". The Firearm Blog. Archived from the original on 2015-01-03. Retrieved 2015-01-03.
- "HK Recalls Firearms". Shooting Industry. General OneFile. April 2000. p. 10.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-04-05. Retrieved 2016-10-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Galleries: Darlinghurst siege". The Daily Telegraph (Australia). Archived from the original on 2012-10-05. Retrieved 2013-11-22.
- "Tutte le dimensioni |NSW Police at Siege | Flickr – Condivisione di foto!". Flickr.com. Archived from the original on 2013-12-18. Retrieved 2013-09-02.
- Anna Russell (23 July 2014). "Elite squad proves it is up to the job at the John Morony". Hawkesbury Gazette. Archived from the original on 28 July 2015. Retrieved 14 May 2015.
- "NSW Corrective Services Hostage Response Group". Flickr - Photo Sharing!.
- Rolfe, Peter (January 1, 2012). "Siege and hold up could be linked". Sunday Herald Sun. Retrieved 2013-11-22.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2015-05-14.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Police kill suspect in Brussels raid linked to Paris attacks". France24. Archived from the original on 2016-03-16. Retrieved 2016-03-16.
- "Etpu" (PDF). [[[МВР-СОБТ] Bulgarian Police in action]]. Retrieved 2013-06-22.
- "Novas submetralhadoras 9x19mm para as Forças Especiais". Defesa Aérea & Naval. August 8, 2016. Archived from the original on August 10, 2016. Retrieved 2016-08-10.
- Ball, Vincent. "Police give valuable inside look at tactical unit". Brantford Expositor. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2013-08-08.
- "Armament of the Georgian Army". Geo-army.ge. Archived from the original on 2012-03-09. Retrieved 2013-09-02.
- Shea, Dan (Spring 2009). "SOFEX 2008". Small Arms Defense Journal, p. 29.
- "Special Operation Unit". Archived from the original on 2017-03-26. Retrieved 2017-03-24.
- Jones, Richard (2009). Jane's Infantry Weapons 2009–2010. Jane's Information Group. p. 898. ISBN 0-7106-2869-2.
- "Annual Report 2011 > Landespolizei" (PDF). Landespolizei. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2013-05-13. Retrieved 2012-06-18.
- "About the Security Corps > Landespolizei" (PDF). Landespolizei. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2013-05-13. Retrieved 2012-06-18.
- Wangguang, Lei (2015-03-21). "Langkawi Airshow / PASKAL─Sea Dragon special warfare/蘭卡威航展／PASKAL─大馬海中特戰蛟龍". Youth Daily News (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2016-01-07. Retrieved 2015-04-20.
- Dan, Alex (9 February 2016). "PASKAL Malaysian Special Forces Weapons". Military Factory (Small Arms). Archived from the original on 14 February 2016. Retrieved 10 February 2016.
- Mohd Husaini Kamal (2011-06-24). "Kursus Pengendalian Senjata Kecil di WILSAR" (in Malay). Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency. Archived from the original on 2012-04-02. Retrieved 2009-11-29.
- Montes, Julio A. (July 2009). "Small Arms in Mexico". Small Arms Review. 12 (10): 88.
- "Uzbrojenie - O Policji". Info.Policja.pl. Archived from the original on 2018-07-12. Retrieved 2018-07-12.
- "Armament ultrasofisticat pentru Forţele Speciale ale Armatei Române - Gandul". Gandul.info. Archived from the original on 2011-08-10. Retrieved 2013-09-02.
- "SEAL-ul romanesc se antreneaza in tacere - Romania Libera". romanialibera.ro. Archived from the original on 2017-07-14. Retrieved 2015-12-07.
- "Kalibar | Tekst". Kalibar.rs. Archived from the original on 2016-04-13. Retrieved 2013-09-02.
- "5th Regiment of Special Assignment". Archived from the original on 2018-12-15. Retrieved 2009-11-29.
- "South African Police Training Overview" (PDF). The Marikana Commission of Inquiry. South African Police Service. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 October 2014. Retrieved 8 October 2014.
- "Àrea de Brigada Mòbil". Archived from the original on 2016-03-29. Retrieved 2016-03-18 – via WikiMedia Commons.
- "El Ejército de Tierra necesita adquirir fusiles, subfusiles y ametralladoras de H&K por 4,8 millones de euros". Infodefensa.com. 1 September 2009. Archived from the original on 2 February 2016. Retrieved 2 February 2016.
- Barry, Dan (14 March 2010). "A Quiet Evening, Waiting for the Next Angry Man". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 31 July 2017. Retrieved 24 February 2017.
- FOX 5 Atlanta (2017-09-13), I-Team: Police Shooting Justified Says Henry County District Attorney, retrieved 2018-11-09
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to:|