Heckler & Koch G36

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Heckler & Koch G36
800px-G36bw.jpg
The H&K G36 rifle
Type Assault rifle
Carbine
Light machine gun
Squad automatic weapon
Place of origin Germany
Service history
In service 1997–present
Used by 40+ countries (see Users)
Wars
Production history
Designer Heckler & Koch
Designed 1990–1995
Manufacturer Heckler & Koch
Santa Bárbara Sistemas
Produced 1996–present
No. built 176,000[2]
Variants See Variants
Specifications
Weight G36: 3.63 kg (8.00 lb)
G36V: 3.33 kg (7.3 lb)
G36K: 3.30 kg (7.3 lb)
G36KV: 3.0 kg (6.6 lb)
G36C: 2.82 kg (6.2 lb)
MG36: 3.83 kg (8.4 lb)
MG36E: 3.50 kg (7.7 lb)
Length G36, G36V, MG36, MG36E: 999 mm (39.3 in) stock extended / 758 mm (29.8 in) stock folded
G36K, G36KV: 860 mm (33.9 in) stock extended / 615 mm (24.2 in) stock folded
G36C: 720 mm (28.3 in) stock extended / 500 mm (19.7 in) stock folded
Barrel length G36, G36V, MG36, MG36E: 480 mm (18.9 in)
G36K, G36KV: 318 mm (12.5 in)
G36C: 228 mm (9.0 in)
Width 64 mm (2.5 in)
Height G36, G36K, MG36: 320 mm (12.6 in)
G36V, G36KV, MG36E: 285 mm (11.2 in)
G36C: 278 mm (10.9 in)

Cartridge 5.56×45mm NATO
Action Short-stroke piston, rotating bolt
Rate of fire 750 rounds/min cyclic
Muzzle velocity G36, G36V, MG36, MG36E: 920 m/s (3,018 ft/s)
G36K, G36KV: 850 m/s (2,788.7 ft/s)
Effective firing range 800 metres (870 yd), 200–600 m sight adjustment
Maximum firing range 2,860 metres (3,130 yd)
Feed system 30-round detachable box magazine or 100-round C-Mag drum magazine
Sights Reflex sight with 1× magnification, telescopic sight with 3× magnification (export version has a 1.5× magnified sight) and back-up fixed notch sight

The G36 is a 5.56×45mm assault rifle, designed in the early 1990s by Heckler & Koch in Germany as a replacement for the heavier 7.62mm G3 battle rifle.[3] It was accepted into service with the Bundeswehr in 1997, replacing the G3.[4] The G36 is gas-operated and feeds from a 30-round detachable box magazine or 100-round C-Mag drum magazine.[3]

History[edit]

Development[edit]

Work on a successor for the venerable G3 rifle had been ongoing in Germany since the second half of the 1970s. These efforts resulted in the innovative 4.73mm G11 assault rifle (developed jointly by a group of companies led by H&K), that used caseless ammunition (designed by the Dynamit Nobel company). It had been predicted that this weapon would eventually replace the G3, therefore further development of H&K's series of firearms chambered for the 5.56×45mm NATO cartridge had been halted. Heckler & Koch, having no incentive to pursue a new 5.56 mm weapon system, was content with the export-oriented HK33 and G41 rifles. However, the G11 program came to an abrupt end when the Bundeswehr cancelled its procurement due to defence budget cuts after the unification of East and West Germany and H&K was acquired in 1991 by British Aerospace's Royal Ordnance division (known today as BAE Systems).

Increasing interest in Germany for a modern service rifle chambered for the NATO-standard 5.56 mm cartridge led H&K to offer the German armed forces the G41 rifle, which, too, was rejected. Design work was then initiated from the ground up on a modern 5.56 mm assault rifle designated "Project 50" or HK50.[4] The prototype was then trialed, where it was rated higher than the rival Austrian Steyr AUG system.[4] The final version of the G36 was completed in 1995. Production of the G36 began in 1996.

Production[edit]

The HK50 rifle was selected for service and an initial order was placed for 33,000 rifles under the Bundeswehr designation Gewehr G36. The order also involved an option for a further 17,000 rifles. Deliveries were first made to the Bundeswehr's NATO Quick Reaction Force during the fourth quarter of 1997. The G36's production line began in early 1996.

In July 1998, it was announced that the G36 had been selected as the standard rifle for the Spanish Armed Forces, replacing the 5.56 mm CETME Model L and LC rifles.[5] Deliveries first took place at the end of 1999. These rifles are manufactured in Spain under license by General Dynamics Santa Bárbara Sistemas at the FACOR (Fábrica de Armas de la Coruña) facility, in Coruña, Galicia.

In addition, the rifle has been licensed for local production in Saudi Arabia.[6] The manufacturer in the country is the Military Industries Corporation.[7] Technology transfer was granted by Germany to Saudi Arabia on 30 June 2008[8][9] The first Saudi-made G36 was produced at MIC's factory on 30 June 2009.[9] However, some components of their own G36s are supplied by Heckler & Koch.[8]

Design details[edit]

German Bundeswehr land force soldiers deployed with G36s
A German infantryman stands at the ready with his G36 during a practice exercise with US troops

The G36 is a selective-fire 5.56 mm assault rifle, firing from a closed rotary bolt. The G36 has a conventional layout and a modular component design. Common to all variants of the G36 family are: the receiver and buttstock assembly, bolt carrier group with bolt and the return mechanism and guide rod. The receiver contains the barrel, carry handle with integrated sights, trigger group with pistol grip, handguard and magazine socket.

The G36 employs a free-floating barrel (the barrel does not contact the handguard). The barrel is fastened to the receiver with a special nut, which can be removed with a wrench. The barrel is produced using a cold hammer forging process and features a chrome-lined bore with 6 right-hand grooves and a 1 in 178 mm (1:7 in) rifling twist rate. The barrel assembly consists of the gas block, a collar with a bayonet lug that is also used to launch rifle grenades and a slotted flash suppressor.[citation needed]

The weapon can be stripped and re-assembled without tools through a system of cross-pins similar to that used on earlier HK designs. For cleaning purposes, the G36 dismantles into the following groups: receiver housing, return mechanism, bolt carrier group and trigger group.[citation needed]

Features[edit]

G36C Carbine with two G36 magazines clicked together jungle style.
A standard German Bundeswehr G36 with bipod and a Beta C-Mag drum magazine

Fire selector[edit]

The fire and safety selector is ambidextrous and has controls on both sides of the receiver which took upon the design of the original G3 selector. Selector settings are described with letters: "S"—safe ("Sicher"), "E"—semi-automatic fire ("Einzelfeuer") and "F"—continuous fire ("Feuerstoß").[4] HK also offers several other trigger options, including the so-called "Marine" trigger group, with settings analogous to the standard trigger, but the selector positions have been illustrated with pictograms. A semi-automatic only trigger unit (lacks the "F" setting) is also available.

Magazine[edit]

30-round G36 magazines, which insert and release like AK magazines and are not interchangeable with NATO STANAG magazines. Side inter-connect studs are visible.

In the box magazine is room for 30 cartridges staggered (or double-stacked) on top of one another. The magazines are molded with shock resistant plastic, and are translucent allowing the user to see the ammunition. On the sides are studs which allow for the magazines to be attached next to each other, this way the operator can reload with less hassle. An empty G36 magazine weighs 127 grams (4.5 oz) and filled with 30 rounds 483 grams (17.0 oz). STANAG magazines cannot be normally used, but the G36 can use an adapter that will accept the STANAG. Certain types of Beta C-Mags can also be used and are employed with the MG36 support variant.

Stock[edit]

The stock too is multifunctional; it has the ability to fold to one side, shortening the overall length of the weapon for use in tight areas or vehicles. The rifle can also still fire with the stock collapsed. Also, it incorporates holes where assembly pins can be placed during weapon cleaning and maintenance.[4]

Material[edit]

The G36 employs a large number of lightweight, corrosion-resistant synthetic materials in its design; the receiver housing, stock, trigger group (including the fire control selector and firing mechanism parts), magazine well, handguard and carry handle are all made of a carbon fiber-reinforced polyamide. The receiver has an integrated steel barrel trunnion (with locking recesses) and a nylon 66 steel reinforced receiver.[10]

Sights[edit]

Dual combat sighting system ZF 3×4° as used on German G36A1 assault rifles
Optical sight reticle pattern (click for description)

The standard German Army versions of the G36 are equipped with a ZF 3×4° dual optical sight that combines a 3× magnified telescopic sight (with the main reticle designed for firing at 200 m and bullet drop compensation markings for: 200, 400, 600 and 800 m crosshairs and a range-finding scale) and an unmagnified reflex sight (calibrated for firing at 100 m) mounted on top of the telescopic sight.[4] The reflex sight is illuminated by ambient light during the day and uses battery powered illumination for use at night. Electric illumination is activated automatically by a built in photo sensor and can be manually activated to boost the brightness of the reticle in daytime low contrast situations.[11]

The export versions have a single telescopic sight with a 1.5× magnification and an aiming reticle fixed at 300 m. All rifles are adapted to use the Hensoldt NSA 80 third-generation night sight, which clamps into the G36 carry handle adapter in front of the optical sight housing and mates with the rifle's standard optical sight.[12] The sighting bridge also functions as a carrying handle and features auxiliary open sights molded on top of the handle that consist of a forward blade and rear notch, but these can only be used with the reflex sight removed, as in the G36V. The optical sight system is produced by Hensoldt AG (a subsidiary of Carl Zeiss AG).

Operating mechanism[edit]

U.S. Army soldiers crosstrain with G36s in Kosovo
Albanian soldier with G36 as part of EUFOR Althea in BiH

The G36 uses a short-stroke piston system[4] from which HK later developed the HK-416's impingement system. Unlike direct impingement, this system takes gas trailing the bullet to operate a piston instead of pushing directly on the bolt. The G36's bolt is operated by a cam that guides the bolt carrier by its respective cutout. Then when fully pushed forward 7 radial locking lugs fully enclose the chamber.

HK included several design features that are essential in modern military firearms. For example, the bolt locks back after the last round is spent (this can be deactivated), and at the front end of the trigger guard there is a bolt catch button. The cocking handle can be switched from either end, folds in, and unfolds from a spring[13][14] so the shooter need not unfold it by hand before firing. Another feature of it is that it doubles as the forward assist, which is used in the instance that the spent cartridge ejected but the next one did not properly extract and go into battery. In addition, the ejection port has a brass deflector to mitigate the amount of casings that may strike the face of left-handed operators. Instead of a dust cover which has the need to be flipped back up when the gun isn't in use, the bolt acts as the seal from dirt.

Accessories[edit]

The rifle can be fitted with a 40 mm AG36 (AG—Anbau-Granatwerfer) under-barrel grenade launcher, which is a breech-loaded break-action weapon with a side-tilting barrel.

Standard equipment supplied with the G36 includes: spare magazines, a cleaning and maintenance kit, sling, speed-loading device and sometimes a modified AKM type II blade bayonets (many of which are left over in Germany from stocks of the former National People's Army).

Overheating[edit]

In April 2012, reports surfaced that G36 rifles used in Afghanistan would overheat during prolonged firefights after several hundred rounds were fired. Overheating affected the accuracy of the G36, making it difficult to hit targets past 100 m, ineffective past 200 m, and incapable of effective fire past 300 meters. The G36 has been called unsuitable for long battles. H&K said the rifle was not designed for sustained, continuous fire. German soldiers gave no negative feedback. Operational commanders advised allowing the weapon to cool between periods of rapid shooting.[15] [16] [17]

In February 2014, the German Federal Ministry of Defence announced that the overheating deficiencies of the G36 was not a result of weapon design, but of the ammunition. A report by the Bundeswehr on 21 February 2014, revealed that the issues were not the fault of the rifle, but that one manufacturer of ammunition was making bullets with copper plated jackets that were too thin.[18] [19][better reference needed] The manufacturer of the ammunition confirmed this,[20] although experts disagreed, and also said the accuracy problems were already known to the defence ministry by 2010.[21]

On 22 June 2014, it was reported that Germany’s defense ministry had temporarily halted new orders worth €34 million ($45 million) over accuracy concerns for the rifle. The Bundeswehr consulted the Fraunhofer Institute for High-Speed Dynamics (Ernst Mach Institut) and the Federal Criminal Police Office.[22] On 30 March 2015, Minister of Defence Ursula von der Leyen told the Associated Press that the weight-saving design is the root of the issues.[23] This is based on a letter from Inspector General Volker Wieker advising the Stewards of Defence and Budget Committee of the Bundestag and the troops in advance of publication of the report.[24] [25] The report was released by the Fraunhofer Ernst Mach Institut (EMI) and Wehrtechnischen Dienststelle 91 (WTD91) on 19 April 2015. According to their 372-page report, the observed hit rate of the predominantly plastic weapon with the unsupported free-floating barrel drops down to a mere 7 percent at 100 meters when the temperature is 30°C (86°F) or above, whereas the Bundeswehr required a hit rate of 90 percent at that distance.[26] [27]

On 22 April 2015, the German Minister of Defence announced that the G36 would be phased out of the German army due to these concerns. Defense Minister von der Leyen considers the weapon to be useless.[28] She stated that the German military will stop using a plastic assault rifle that can't shoot straight when temperatures rise above 86°F or the rifle heats up during a firefight.[29]

In 2016, the German Defence Ministry lost its lawsuit filed against Heckler & Koch on the ministry's claim for compensation or warranty work on the subpar G36 rifles, because the Bundeswehr did not make its specifications for the weapon clear enough in the beginning of the procurement process.[30] The District Court of Koblenz rejected claims from the Bundeswehr procurement office, and ruled that weapon manufacturer Heckler & Koch did not have to pay damages on the 167,000 rifles still in use out of more than 176,000 G36 rifles Germany had originally purchased.[31]

Variants[edit]

A G36KV as delivered to the Latvian Army. It is configured with a telescopic stock and a Picatinny sight rail
G36A2 with a Zeiss RSA reflex sight and an AG36 grenade launcher on display as part of Germany's IdZ modernization program
A Malaysian Navy diver from PASKAL armed with a G36C in 57th Malaysian National Day. It is configured with birdcage flash suppressor and a buttstock short with cheek rest.
  • G36V (V—Variante "variant"): Previously known as the G36E (E—Export), it is the export version of the standard G36. The G36V has all of the characteristics of the standard rifle with the exception of the sight setup and bayonet mount. It is fitted with a x1.5 or x3 sight and lacks the integrated reflector sight; the bayonet mount is a standard NATO type. This version was produced for Spain and Latvia.
  • MG36 (MG—Maschinengewehr "machine gun"): Squad automatic weapon version of the G36 equipped with a heavier barrel for increased heat and cook-off resistance.[4] The MG36 and MG36E are no longer offered by H&K.
  • G36K (K—kurz "short"): carbine variant with a shorter barrel (fitted with an open-type flash suppressor) and a shorter forend, which includes a bottom rail that can be used to attach tactical accessories, such as a UTL flashlight from the USP pistol. The carbine's barrel lacks the ability to launch rifle grenades and it will not support a bayonet. The weapon retained the ability to be used with the AG36 grenade launcher. G36Ks in service with German special forces are issued with a 100-round C-Mag drum. There are two variants of the G36K. The first and most commonly known has x3 scope/carry handle attached to the top, while the second is equipped with iron sights and a rail (no scope included).
  • G36KV (formerly G36KE): export version of carbine variant, G36K with sights like G36V.
  • G36C (C="Compact", commonly mistaken for "Commando", a term trademarked by Colt Firearms for the CAR-15): This subcarbine model is a further development of the G36K. It has a shorter barrel than the G36K, and a four-prong open-type flash hider or a birdcage type flash hider. The extremely short barrel forced designers to move the gas block closer to the muzzle end and reduce the length of the gas piston operating rod. The handguard and stock were also shortened and the fixed carry handle (with optics) was replaced with a carrying handle with an integrated MIL-STD-1913 Picatinny rail. The dual optical sight found on the standard G36 and G36K models was replaced with a set of rail-mounted detachable iron sights that consist of a semi-shrouded front post and a flip-up rear sight with two apertures of different diameter. The short handguard has four accessory attachment points, one of which could be used for a vertical grip. The G36C was developed and produced in January 2001.
  • G36A2: This is an ordnance designation allocated to an upgraded variant of the G36 used by the German Army. The G36A2 is equipped with a quick-detachable Zeiss RSA reflex red dot sight[32] mounted on a Picatinny rail that replaces the original red dot sight of the dual combat sighting system. The G36A2 upgrade kit also consists of the shorter G36C stock (Designed for better handling with use of body armor and load bearing equipment), new handguard made of aluminium (provides better heat resistance during long periods of firing) with an optional 4 Picatinny rails and a vertical foregrip with an integrated switch for operating an Oerlikon Contraves LLM01 laser light module.[33]

Sporting models[edit]

Based on the G36, Heckler & Koch also created the semi-automatic SL8 rifle and the straight-pull, bolt-action R8, which are offered to the civilian sport shooting markets. The SL8 is substantially different from the G36, it has a modified receiver and a thumbhole stock with a cheek rest, which is integral with the trigger group. The SL8 has a heavy profile, extended, 510 mm (20.1 in) barrel that does not have a flash hider or bayonet lug. The rifle uses a 10-round single-stack magazine and an extended top rail used to mount a wide variety of Picatinny-standard optics. Mounted to the rail are a set of iron sights with a hooded foresight and adjustable flip rear aperture. The SL8 can also mount the G36 carry handle and integrated sight assembly, after removing the mechanical iron sights. The SL8 has an unloaded weight of 4.3 kg, overall length of 980–1030 mm and a trigger rated at 20 N.

In November 2013, Heckler & Koch applied for permission from the German Government to sell a new civilian-legal version of the G36. Called the HK243 in Europe and the HK293 in America, it is more similar to the G36 assault rifle than previous civilian models. The main difference is the bolt is redesigned to not allow a conversion to fully automatic fire. It has quad picatinny rails and accepts STANAG magazines. Four different barrel lengths from 230 mm (9.1 in) to 480 mm (19 in) and four stock models (short fixed, long fixed and two adjustable) will be offered.[34]

Users[edit]

Country Organization name Model Quantity Date Reference
 Albania Special Operations Battalion (Albania) G36C 350 2007
 Australia Australian Federal Police Specialist Response Group _ _ [35][36]
 Belgium Antwerp local police special squad BBT (Bijzondere Bijstandsteam) _ _ _ [37]
 Brazil Brazilian Army Special Forces | Brazilian Federal Police G36K, G36C _ _ [38]
 Canada Victoria Police Department G36 ~100 2004 [39]
 Croatia Croatian police special units _ 300 2004 [40][41]
Croatian Armed Forces contingents in international operations _ 550 2007
 Czech Republic Police of the Czech republic:
* URNA – Nationwide paramilitary SWAT unit
* KZJ – Regional SWAT units
* SPJ – Special riot units
* PMJ – Emergency motorized units
G36C, G36K _ _ [42]
 Denmark Politiets Aktionsstyrke G36C _ _ [43][44]
 Egypt Used by special forces and police,
Some later to Libyan Jamahiriya, see below
_ 608+ 2003 [45]
 Estonia Estonian Special Operations Force G36K _ _ [46][47]
 Finland Finnish Border Guard G36C _ _ [48]
Finnish Police _ _
 France French Army G36E _ _ [49]
Groupes d'Intervention de la Police Nationale G36C _ _ [50][51]
Brigade Anti-criminalité (BAC) G36C, G36K 204 2016 [52][53][54]
 Germany Standard service rifle of the Bundeswehr G36A1, G36A2
G36K, G36C
176,544 delivered, 166,619 in use _ [55][56][57]
Bundespolizei _ _ _ [58]
 Georgia Police special forces: Central Anti Crime Division, Special Crisis Unit, Special Operations Department, Coast Guard Anti piracy Unit G36K/C/E/A _ _ [59]
 Hong Kong Special Duties Unit of the Hong Kong Police Force G36KV _ 2001 [60]
[full citation needed]
[better source needed]
 Iceland National Police of Iceland and its special forces unit Víkingasveitin _ _ _ [61][verification needed]
 Kurdistan Peshmerga _ 8,000 supplied by Germany 2014 [62]
 Indonesia Komando Pasukan Khusus (Kopassus) special forces group of the Indonesian Army G36C _ _ [63]
Detasemen Jala Mangkara (Denjaka) tactical diver group of the Indonesian Navy G36V, G36C _ _ [64]
 Italy NOCS team of the Italian Police G36C _ _ [65]
 Jordan Jordanian special forces 71st Special Battalion G36C _ _ [66][67]
 Kosovo Kosovo Security Force G36V 3500 2010 [68][69]
 Latvia Latvian Army, National Guard G36KV _ 2006 [70][71]
 Lebanon Lebanese Armed Forces, Internal Security Forces G36C3 250 2008 [72]
Libya Libyan Jamahiriya
Libya Libya (Anti-Gaddafi forces)
Unclear (unit based in Tripoli; special forces/Khamis Brigade?). Weapons are from a batch legally sold to Egypt in 2003. G36KV, G36E "numerous"
Probably <600
2003–2005? [45][73][74]
[75][76]
Tripoli Brigade (looted from Bab al-Azizia arms store) 2011 [73]

[77]

 Lithuania Lithuanian Armed Forces G36KA4, G36KV1
G36C, G36KA4M1
_ 2017 (G36KA4M1)[78][79] [80]
 Malaysia Pasukan Khas Laut (PASKAL) Maritime Counter-Terrorism Forces of the Royal Malaysian Navy G36C, G36E
G36KE
_ 2006 [81][82][83][84]
Pasukan Gerakan Khas (PGK) Counter-Revolutionary Warfare of the Royal Malaysia Police G36C _ _ [81]
 Mauritius Standard service rifle of the Military of Mauritius G36A2, G36K
G36C
_ _
 Mexico Various Mexican law enforcement agencies use the G36, namely the Mexican Federal Police and many state and city police forces G36 Family _ _ [85]
 Mongolia Mongolian Armed Forces _ _ _ [86]
 Montenegro Military of Montenegro _ _ _ [87]
 Norway Norwegian Navy Kystjegerkommandoen G36KV2 _ 2001–2007 [70]
 Philippines Armed Forces of the Philippines

Presidential Security Group

G36K, G36C _ _ [88]
 Poland BOA/SPAP special units of the Policja G36V, G36K
G36C
_ _ [89]
Biuro Ochrony Rządu (BOR) Government Protection Bureau G36C _ _ [90]
Jednostka Wojskowa Formoza naval unit of the Polish Special Forces G36KV3, G36C _ 2006 [91]
 Portugal Portuguese Army G36KV, G36KV3 _ _ [92]
Portuguese Marines _ _ _ [70]
Guarda Nacional Republicana (GNR) G36C 200 _ [93]
Grupo de Operações Especiais (GOE) of the Polícia de Segurança Pública _ _ _ [94]
 Republic of China Special Forces G36C _ _ -
 Republic of Korea Korea Coast Guard SSAT (Special Sea Attack Team) _ 2007 [95]
 Romania 1st Special Operations Regiment (Romania) of the Romanian Army G36K, G36C _ _ [96]
 Saudi Arabia Military of Saudi Arabia G36C, G36E
G36KE
_ _ [97]
 Serbia Special Brigade of the Serbian Army G36C _ 2010 [98]
 Slovakia 5th Special Forces Regiment of the Armed Forces of the Slovak Republic[citation needed] G36 _ _ _
 Spain Spanish Armed Forces G36E, G36KE
G36CE
_ _ [70][99][100]
Unidad de Operaciones Especiales special group of Spanish Navy and Spanish Marines _ _ [101]
 Sweden National Task Force G36C _ _ [102]
Piketen _ _ [102]
Särskilda operationsgruppen G36K, G36C _ _ [103]
 Thailand Naresuan 261 Counter-Terrorism Unit Special Operations Unit of the Royal Thai Police G36C, G36K
SL8
_ 2007 [104][105]
Royal Thai Army Infantry. G36K, G36KE
G36E, MG36
_ _ [106]

[107] [108]

Underwater Demolition Assault Unit (UDAU) tactical diver group of the Royal Thai Navy G36KV _ 2004 [109][110]
Royal Thai Marine Corps Amphibious Reconnaissance battalion Special operations forces (RECON) Royal Thai Navy G36C _ 2004 [111][112][113][114]
 Timor Leste Policia Nacional de Timor-Leste G36K _ _ [115]
 United Kingdom
Civil Nuclear Constabulary G36C _ _ [116]
Greater Manchester Police _ _ [116]
Northumbria Police _ _
Kent Police _ _
Lancashire Constabulary _ _ [116]
Nottinghamshire Police _ _
Avon and Somerset Police _ _ [117]
Specialist Firearms Command, Metropolitan Police Service _ _ _ [118]
Police Service of Northern Ireland G36K, G36C _ _ [116]
 United States United States Capitol Police _ _ _ _
Baltimore City Police Department _ _ _ [119]
 United Nations United Nations Department for Safety and Security G36V, G36KV
G36CV, MG36
_ _ _
Department of Peacekeeping Operations _ _ [120]
 Uruguay Uruguayan Army G36,
G36K, G36C
_ _ [citation needed]
Uruguayan Navy G36E, G36V, AG G36 40 mm _ _ [citation needed]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ "Paris police armed with assault rifles in wake of November terror attacks". TheGuardian.com. 29 February 2016. 
  2. ^ http://inosmi.ru/world/20150331/227218811.html Штурмовая винтовка G-36 не попадает в цель | ИноСМИ - Все, что достойно перевода
  3. ^ a b "Modern Firearms - HK G36". World.guns.ru. Retrieved 2012-12-15. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Woźniak, Ryszard. Encyklopedia najnowszej broni palnej – tom 2 G-Ł. Bellona. 2001. pp17-21.
  5. ^ "Spanish Army". Ejercito.mde.es. 1 December 2001. Retrieved 22 February 2010. 
  6. ^ "Arms manufacturer investigates how Gadhafi got German rifles". Deutsche Welle. April 9, 2011. 
  7. ^ "G36 Automatic Rifle Cal 5.56X45 mm". En.mic.org.sa. Archived from the original on November 30, 2012. Retrieved 12 December 2012. 
  8. ^ a b Otfried Nassauer (January 2012). "Up for a new era? – German arms trade with the MENA region". Archived from the original on 9 February 2014. Retrieved 8 February 2014. 
  9. ^ a b "His Royal Highness Crown Prince Receives a G36 Rifle produced by MIC" (PDF). Saudi Press Agency. June 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 February 2014. Retrieved 8 February 2014. 
  10. ^ US5513461A - Light-weight automatic rifle. Google.com. Retrieved 2015-7-15.
  11. ^ "Buy this domain. Dead cite.". rk-gammertingen.de. 
  12. ^ Zeiss NSA 80 night sight module datasheet
  13. ^ "Patent US5821445 - Loading lever assembly for hand-operated firearms - Google Patents". Google.com. Retrieved 2012-12-15. 
  14. ^ US 5821445, Guhring, Manfred, "Loading lever assembly for hand-operated firearms", issued 1996-10-13 
  15. ^ Deutsches Sturmgewehr versagt bei langem Gefecht - Welt.de, 1 April 2012
  16. ^ Deutsches Sturmgewehr für langen Kampf untauglich - Welt.de, 25 April 2012
  17. ^ Heckler & Koch Responds to Allegation that the G36 Rifle is Unfit for Service - Guns.com, 9 May 2012
  18. ^ H&K G36 Rifle Not Faulty: Bad Ammunition Caused Poor Accuracy - TheFirearmBlog.com, 30 June 2014
  19. ^ HECKLER & KOCH G36 Wärmeproblematik geklärt Magazines CALIBER 4/14 and VISIER
  20. ^ Sturmgewehr G36: Mangel-Munition soll Probleme verursacht haben - Spiegel.de, 17 February 2014
  21. ^ "Bundeswehr: Rechnungshof wirft Wehrressort jahrelange Vertuschung bei G36-Gewehr vor". www.spiegel.de (in German). Der Spiegel. April 22, 2015. Retrieved 28 June 2014. 
  22. ^ "Report: Germany Halts Army Rifle Orders Over Accuracy Fears". www.defensenews.com. DefenseNews. June 22, 2014. Retrieved 28 June 2014. 
  23. ^ Max Slowik (March 31, 2015). "German Bundeswehr confirms G36 issues". Guns.com. Retrieved 10 April 2015. 
  24. ^ Nathaniel F (April 3, 2015). "The G36 Controversy Intensifies". TheFirearmBlog.com. Retrieved 10 April 2015. 
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External links[edit]