Hecla, South Dakota
|Hecla, South Dakota|
Location in Brown County and the state of South Dakota
|• Total||0.34 sq mi (0.88 km2)|
|• Land||0.34 sq mi (0.88 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||1,302 ft (397 m)|
|• Estimate (2015)||229|
|• Density||667.6/sq mi (257.8/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1255502|
Hecla is a city in Brown County, South Dakota, United States, located only a few miles south of the North Dakota border. The population was 227 at the 2010 census. State Highway 37 runs along the east side of town.
Hecla was platted in 1886. It was named after Hekla, a stratovolcano in Iceland. A post office has been in operation in Hecla since 1886. Hecla was the first place to have a soil conservation district in South Dakota.
Hecla is located at (45.882018, -98.151810).
The Civil Township of Hecla (which includes a portion of South Dakota political township-128-N by range-61-W east of the James River) surrounds the municipal boundary of the City of Hecla. Liberty Township is located to west of the City of Hecla and includes a portion of South Dakota political township-128-N by range-61-W west of the James River in addition to township-128-N by range-62-W.
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the census of 2010, there were 227 people, 127 households, and 69 families residing in the city. The population density was 667.6 inhabitants per square mile (257.8/km2). There were 155 housing units at an average density of 455.9 per square mile (176.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.4% White, 0.4% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.3% of the population.
There were 127 households of which 11.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.4% were married couples living together, 1.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 45.7% were non-families. 40.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 22.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.79 and the average family size was 2.35.
The median age in the city was 57.1 years. 11% of residents were under the age of 18; 2.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 11% were from 25 to 44; 41.5% were from 45 to 64; and 34.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.6% male and 52.4% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 314 people, 147 households, and 93 families residing in the city. The population density was 923.2 people per square mile (356.6/km²). There were 170 housing units at an average density of 499.8 per square mile (193.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 99.04% White, 0.32% Native American, and 0.64% from two or more races.
There were 147 households out of which 21.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.1% were married couples living together, 6.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.1% were non-families. 34.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.71.
In the city, the population was spread out with 20.1% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 19.7% from 25 to 44, 25.5% from 45 to 64, and 29.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48 years. For every 100 females there were 91.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $25,375, and the median income for a family was $42,656. Males had a median income of $27,500 versus $16,042 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,775. About 2.2% of families and 3.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.7% of those under age 18 and 7.1% of those age 65 or over.
- Sisters Melissa and Emily Elsen, the owners of Four & Twenty Blackbirds, a well-known pie shop in Park Slope/Gowanus, Brooklyn, are originally from Hecla.
- Actress January Jones lived in Hecla from infancy until she was 10 years old, although she was born in Sioux Falls and moved there to attend high school.
- "SD Towns" (PDF). South Dakota State Historical Society. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-02-10. Retrieved 2010-02-13.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-06-21.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-21.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on October 19, 2016. Retrieved June 23, 2016.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Chicago and North Western Railway Company (1908). A History of the Origin of the Place Names Connected with the Chicago & North Western and Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha Railways. p. 83.
- Federal Writers' Project (1940). South Dakota place-names, v.1-3. University of South Dakota. p. 41.
- "Brown County". Jim Forte Postal History. Retrieved 20 March 2015.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 23, 2016.
- Hansen, Haley (July 18, 2014). "A slice of success: Hecla-born sisters gain national success with pie business". Aberdeen News. Retrieved April 22, 2015.