Visualization of one hectare
|Unit system||Non-SI unit accepted for use with SI|
|In SI base units:||1 ha = 104 m2|
The hectare (/
In 1795, when the metric system was introduced, the "are" was defined as 100 square metres and the hectare ("hecto-" + "are") was thus 100 "ares" or 1⁄100 km2 (10,000 square metres). When the metric system was further rationalised in 1960, resulting in the International System of Units ( ), the are was not included as a recognised unit. The hectare, however, remains as a non-SI unit accepted for use with the SI units, mentioned in Section 4.1 of the SI Brochure as a unit whose use is "expected to continue indefinitely".
|1 ca||1 m2|
|1 a||100 m2|
|1 ha||10,000 m2|
|100 ha||1,000,000 m2|
|0.3861 sq mi||1 km2|
|2.471 acre||1 ha|
|107,639 sq ft||1 ha|
|1 sq mi||259.0 ha|
|1 acre||0.4047 ha|
The hectare (/
Some countries that underwent a general conversion from traditional measurements to metric measurements (e.g. Canada) required a resurvey when units of measure in legal descriptions relating to land were converted to metric units. Others, such as South Africa, published conversion factors which were to be used particularly "when preparing consolidation diagrams by compilation".
In many countries, metrication redefined or clarified existing measures in terms of metric units. The following legacy units of area have been redefined as being equal to one hectare:
- Jerib in Iran
- Djerib in Turkey
- Gong Qing (公頃/公顷 – gōngqǐng) in Hong Kong / mainland China
- Manzana in Argentina
- Bunder in The Netherlands (until 1937)
- The metre for length
- The are (100 m2) for area [of land]
- The stère (1 m3) for volume of stacked firewood
- The litre (1 dm3) for volumes of liquid
- The gram for mass
In 1960, when the metric system was updated as the International System of Units (SI), the are did not receive international recognition. The International Committee for Weights and Measures ( ) makes no mention of the are in the current (2006) definition of the SI, but classifies the hectare as a "Non-SI unit accepted for use with the International System of Units".
In 1972, the European Economic Community (EEC) passed directive 71/354/EEC, which catalogued the units of measure that might be used within the Community. The units that were catalogued replicated the recommendations of the CGPM, supplemented by a few other units including the are (and implicitly the hectare) whose use was limited to the measurement of land.
The names centiare, deciare, decare and hectare are derived by adding the standard metric prefixes to the original base unit of area, the are.
The decimilliare (sometimes seen in cadastre area evaluation of real estate plots) is 1/10,000 are or one square decimetre.
The centiare is one square metre.
The deciare (rarely used) is ten square metres.
The are (// or //) is a unit of area, equal to 100 square metres (10 m × 10 m), used for measuring land area. It was defined by older forms of the metric system, but is now outside the modern International System of Units (SI). It is still commonly used in colloquial speech to measure real estate, in particular in Indonesia, India, and in various European countries.
In Russian and other languages of the former Soviet Union, the are is called sotka (Russian: сотка: 'a hundred', i.e. 100 m2 or 1⁄100 hectare). It is used to describe the size of suburban dacha or allotment garden plots or small city parks where the hectare would be too large.
The decare (/
- Stremma in Greece
- Dunam, dunum, donum, or dönüm in Israel, Palestine, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria and Turkey
- Mål is sometimes used for decare in Norway, from the old measure of about the same area.
|Metric equivalents||Imperial/US customary|
|centiare||ca||1 m2||0.01 a||1.19599 sq yd|
|are||a||100 ca||100 m2||0.01 ha||3.95369 perches|
|decare||daa||10 a||1,000 m2||0.1 ha||0.98842 roods|
|hectare||ha||100 a||10,000 m2||0.01 km2||about 2.4710538 acres|
|square kilometre||km2||100 ha||1,000,000 m2||0.38610 sq mi|
The most commonly used units are in bold.
One hectare is also equivalent to:
- 1 square hectometre
- 15 mǔ or 0.15 qǐng
- 10 dunam or dönüm (Middle East)
- 10 stremmata (Greece)
- 6.25 rai (Thailand)
- ≈ 1.008 chō (Japan)
- ≈ 2.381 feddan (Egypt)
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|Look up hectare in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
- Official SI website: Table 6. Non-SI units accepted for use with the International System of Units
- Unit Converter from Hectare to other units