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false pennyroyals
Hedeoma nana 1.jpg
Hedeoma nana, Mohave Desert
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Subfamily: Nepetoideae
Tribe: Mentheae
Genus: Hedeoma

Pseudocunila Brade

Hedeoma is a genus of flowering plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae. It is native to North and South America. They are commonly known as false pennyroyals.[2][3][4]

The genus name is derived from the Greek words ἡδύς (hedys), meaning "sweet," and ὀσμή (osme), meaning "odour". It refers to the scent of the leaves.[5] Hedeoma patens M.E. Jones (common name, oregano chiquito) is used by natives of northwestern Mexico to flavor various food items. [6][7][8]

  1. Hedeoma acinoides Scheele – Slender false pennyroyal - Texas, Oklahoma, Coahuila
  2. Hedeoma apiculata W.S.Stewart – McKittrick's false pennyroyal - western Texas, southeastern New Mexico
  3. Hedeoma bella (Epling) R.S.Irving - Jalisco
  4. Hedeoma chihuahuensis (Henrard) B.L.Turner - Chihuahua
  5. Hedeoma ciliolata (Epling & W.S.Stewart) R.S.Irving - Gypsum false pennyroyal - Nuevo León
  6. Hedeoma costata Hemsl. – Ribbed false pennyroyal - Mexico, Guatemala, Texas, Arizona, New Mexico
  7. Hedeoma crenata R.S.Irving - Rio de Janeiro
  8. Hedeoma dentata Torr. – Dentate false pennyroyal - Arizona, Sonora, New Mexico
  9. Hedeoma diffusa Greene – Spreading (or Flagstaff) false pennyroyal - Nevada, Arizona
  10. Hedeoma drummondii Benth. – Drummond's false pennyroyal - western United States, Alabama, Mississippi, Nuevo León, Coahuila, Chihuahua, Sonora
  11. Hedeoma floribunda Standl. - Chihuahua
  12. Hedeoma hispida Pursh – Rough false pennyroyal - Canada, central + eastern United States (especially the Great Plains)
  13. Hedeoma hyssopifolia A.Gray – Aromatic false pennyroyal - northern Mexico, New Mexico, Arizona
  14. Hedeoma johnstonii R.S.Irving - Coahuila
  15. Hedeoma jucunda Greene - Durango
  16. Hedeoma mandoniana Wedd. - Peru, Bolivia, Jujuy Province of Argentina
  17. Hedeoma martirensis Moran - Baja California
  18. Hedeoma matomianum Moran - Baja California
  19. Hedeoma medium Epling - Argentina, Uruguay
  20. Hedeoma microphylla R.S.Irving - San Luis Potosí
  21. Hedeoma mollis Torr. – Softhair false pennyroyal - western Texas
  22. Hedeoma montana Brandegee - Coahuila
  23. Hedeoma multiflora Benth - Argentina, Uruguay, southern Brazil
  24. Hedeoma nana (Torr.) Briq. – Dwarf false pennyroyal - Chihuahua, Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, Nevada, Mohave Desert in California
  25. Hedeoma oblatifolia Villarreal - Coahuila
  26. Hedeoma oblongifolia (A.Gray) A.Heller – Oblongleaf false pennyroyal - Chihuahua, Sonora, New Mexico, Arizona
  27. Hedeoma palmeri Hemsl. - San Luis Potosí, Nuevo León, Coahuila
  28. Hedeoma patens M.E. Jones –oregano chiquito - Chihuahua, Coahuila
  29. Hedeoma patrina W.S.Stewart - Zacatecas
  30. Hedeoma pilosa R.S.Irving – Old blue false pennyroyal - Brewster County in Texas but apparently extinct
  31. Hedeoma piperita Benth. - Hidalgo, México State
  32. Hedeoma plicata Torr. – Veiny false pennyroyal - Texas, Arizona, New Mexico, northern Mexico
  33. Hedeoma polygalifolia Benth. - southern Brazil
  34. Hedeoma pulcherrima Wooton & Standl. – White Mountain false pennyroyal - New Mexico
  35. Hedeoma pulegioides (L.) Pers. – American false pennyroyal - eastern Canada, central + eastern United States
  36. Hedeoma pusilla (R.S.Irving) R.S.Irving - Nuevo León
  37. Hedeoma quercetora Epling - Nuevo León
  38. Hedeoma reverchonii (A.Gray) A.Gray – Reverchon's false pennyroyal - southern Great Plains (Texas, Oklahoma, western Arkansas)
  39. Hedeoma rzedowskii B.L.Turner - Aguascalientes, San Luis Potosi
  40. Hedeoma × serpyllifolia Small - Texas, New Mexico
  41. Hedeoma tenuiflora Brandegee - Baja California
  42. Hedeoma tenuipes Epling - northeastern Mexico
  43. Hedeoma todsenii R.S.Irving – Todsen's false pennyroyal - New Mexico

Formerly placed here[edit]


  1. ^ "Genus: Hedeoma Pers.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2004-09-10. Retrieved 2013-05-26. 
  2. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ "Hedeoma". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2013-05-26. 
  4. ^ Biota of North America Program 2013 county distribution maps
  5. ^ DeBaggio, Thomas; Arthur O. Tucker (2009). The Encyclopedia of Herbs: A Comprehensive Reference to Herbs of Flavor and Fragrance. Timber Press. p. 250. ISBN 978-0-88192-994-2. 
  6. ^ Laferriere, Joseph E. 1991. Optimal use of ethnobotanical resources by the Mountain Pima of Chihuahua, Mexico. PhD dissertation, University of Arizona
  7. ^ Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera. 2012. Rubiaceae a Verbenaceae. 4(2): i–xvi, 1–533. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera (eds.) Flora Mesoamericana. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis
  8. ^ Forzza, R. C. 2010. Lista de espécies Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010. Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro

External links[edit]