Hedgehog in the Fog
|Hedgehog in the Fog|
|Directed by||Yuriy Norshteyn|
|Written by||Sergei Kozlov|
|Music by||Mikhail Meyerovich|
|Edited by||Natalia Abramova|
|October 23, 1975|
|10 min 29 s|
Hedgehog in the Fog (Russian: Ёжик в тумане, tr. Yozhik v tumane; IPA: [ˈjɵʐɨk f tʊˈmanʲɪ]) is a 1975 Soviet/Russian animated film directed by Yuriy Norshteyn, produced by the Soyuzmultfilm studio in Moscow. The Russian script was written by Sergei Kozlov, who also published a book under the same name. In 2006, Norshteyn published a book titled Hedgehog in the Fog, listing himself as an author alongside Kozlov.
This is a story about a little hedgehog (voiced by Mariya Vinogradova), who is on his way to visit his friend the bear cub. As explained in the introductory narration, the two would meet every evening to drink tea from the cub's samovar, which was heated on a fire of juniper twigs. As they drank their tea, the hedgehog and the bear would chat and count the stars together.
On this day, the hedgehog decides to bring the bear cub some raspberry jam. As Hedgehog heads out, a sinister looking eagle-owl is following him. Hedgehog passes through the woods and encounters a beautiful white horse standing in a fog. He is curious as to whether the horse would drown if it went to sleep in the fog. The hedgehog decides to explore the fog for himself. As he goes down an incline into the fog, it is soon so thick that the hedgehog can't even see his own paw.
The fog alternately thickens and thins; when it thins the hedgehog briefly catches vague sight of objects and creatures which disappear again as the fog thickens. Hedgehog finds himself in a surreal and frightening world inhabited by shapes which are not always identifiable and various creatures ranging from predators to friendly animals, in a world of silence and rustles, darkness, tall grass and enchanting stars.
The owl, which has been following the hedgehog, appears near him suddenly and hoots; only to disappear again, prompting the Hedgehog to call it a psycho (Russian: псих). The hedgehog is frightened, but his curiosity keeps him exploring the unknown. Occasionally an unseen distant voice is heard calling out for Hedgehog. As Hedgehog explores a large hollow tree, he realizes he has lost the raspberry jam. As he stumbles along, a large dog finds him and gives it to him.
Hedgehog falls into a river and believes he is going to drown. He floats downstream on his back and is rescued, possibly by a fish, and is set on shore. The Hedgehog arrives at the campfire where bear cub is brewing tea. Bear (voiced by Vyacheslav Nevinniy) explains that he was calling for the hedgehog, worried that he was late. The two sit together drinking tea and the bear talks and the hedgehog thinks of the horse.
|Director||Yuriy Norshteyn (Юрий Норштейн)|
|Writer||Sergei Kozlov (Сергей Козлов)|
|Art Director||Francheska Yarbusova (Франческа Ярбусова)|
|Animator||Yuriy Norshteyn (Юрий Норштейн)|
|Camera Operator||Alexandr Zhukovskiy (Александр Жуковский)|
|Composer||Mikhail Meyerovich (Михаил Меерович)|
|Sound Operator||Boris Filchikov (Борис Фильчиков)|
|Script Editor||Natalya Abramova (Наталья Абрамова)|
|Voice Actors||Alexei Batalov (Алексей Баталов) Narrator
Maria Vinogradova (Мария Виноградова) Hedgehog
Vyacheslav Nevinny (Вячеслав Невинный) Bear cub
|Film Editor||Nadezhda Treshchyova (Надежда Трещёва)|
- 1976—Frunze All-Union Film Festival: Hedgehog in the Fog "best animated film"
- 1976—Tehran Children's and Youth Film Festival: Hedgehog in the Fog "best animated film"
- 2003—Tokyo All time animation best 150 in Japan and Worldwide: Hedgehog in the Fog "№1 Animated film of all the time"
The fog effects were created by putting a very thin piece of paper on top of the scene and slowly lifting it up toward the camera frame-by-frame until everything behind it became blurry and white.
The opening ceremonies for the 2014 Winter Olympics referenced this work, mentioning it in a list of signature Russian accomplishments and artists, including Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Leo Tolstoy, and Sputnik.
- History of Russian animation
- List of stop-motion films
- List of films considered the best
- Night on the Galactic Railroad
- Jeff Lenburg (2006). Who's who in Animated Cartoons: An International Guide to Film & Television's Award-winning and Legendary Animators. Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 264. ISBN 978-1-557-83671-7.
- "The 77 best kids' films of all time. Hedgehog in the Fog (1975)". telegraph.co.uk. 6 May 2017. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
- Clare Kitson (2005). Yuri Norstein and Tale of Tales: An Animator's Journey. Indiana University Press. pp. 46–48. ISBN 978-0-253-21838-4.
- Ежик в тумане. Ozon.ru. Retrieved on 2012-11-23.
- Maureen Thomas,François Penz (2003). Architectures of Illusion: From Motion Pictures to Navigable Interactive Environments. Intellect Books. ISBN 978-1-841-50045-4.
- Mark Whitehead (2004). Animation: The Pocket Essential Guide. Summersdale Publishers LTD - ROW. p. 113. ISBN 978-1-848-39836-8.
- "Все свободны" – разговор на свободные темы. svoboda.org (2007-07-04)
- 世界と日本のアニメーションベスト150. ふゅーじょんぷろだくと. 2003.
- Monument to “Hedgehog in Fog” appeared in Kyiv, UNIAN (2009-01-27)
- Hedgehog in the Fog at the Animator.ru
- Hedgehog in the Fog at the Internet Movie Database
- Hedgehog in the Fog at AllMovie
- Hedgehog in the Fog at the Keyframe – the Animation Resource
- on YouTube
- Laputa Animation Festival 2003 (in Japanese)
- BBC Article about Soviet brands, including "Ёжик в тумане" in Russian
- Norstein's Studio Official Website