Hedmarken

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Hedmarken
District
View of parts of Hedmarken from Vang, near Hamar.
View of parts of Hedmarken from Vang, near Hamar.
Country Norway
County Hedmark (and Oppland)
Region Austlandet
Adm. Center Hamar
Area
 • Total 2,725 km2 (1,052 sq mi)
Population (2015)
 • Total 91,015
 • Density 33/km2 (87/sq mi)
Demonym Hemarking
Heimarking

Hedmarken (local pronunciation ['he(ɪ̯)'marça],[a] known as Hedemarken until 2003)[1] is a traditional district in the county of Hedmark in Eastern Norway.

It consists of the municipalities Stange, Hamar, Løten, and Ringsaker. Formerly, before a process of municipality mergers, it also contained the municipalities Romedal, Vang, Furnes and Nes.[2] Traditionally, it also included Gjøvik, today in Oppland.[3] The county Hedmark is named after the district of Hedmarken but includes other districts as well, namely Østerdalen and Glåmdalen (Solør, Odal and Vinger).[4]

The district is dominated by rolling agricultural terrain, hilly green mountains, and pine forests.

Etymology[edit]

The Old Norse form of the name was Heiðmǫrk. The first element is heiðnir, the name of an old Germanic tribe and is related to the word heið, moorland. The last element is mǫrk 'woodland, borderland, march'. (See also Telemark and Finnmark.)[4]

History[edit]

In the early Viking Age, before Harald Fairhair, Hedmarken was a petty kingdom, part of the Eidsivating. Kings of Hedmarken include:

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ "Geodataplan Hedmark 2004– 2007" (PDF). statkart.no. p. 6. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 January 2004. 
  2. ^ Henriksen, Petter, ed. (2007). "Hedmarken". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 18 December 2009. 
  3. ^ Munch, Peter Andreas (1849). Historisk-geographisk beskrivelse over kongeriget Norge (Noregsveldi) i middelalderen. W. Gram. p. 7, 140-141. 
  4. ^ a b Henriksen, Petter, ed. (2007). "Hedmark". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 6 July 2015. 

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ South of Brumunddal, the [ɪ̯] is not pronounced