Hefei–Fuzhou high-speed railway
|Locale||Anhui, Jiangxi, and Fujian|
|Opened||28 June 2015|
|Operator(s)||China Railway High-speed|
|Line length||813 km (505 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
|Electrification||25 kV AC|
|Operating speed||350 km/h (220 mph)|
Hefei–Fuzhou high-speed railway (simplified Chinese: 合福高速铁路; traditional Chinese: 合福高速鐵路; pinyin: Héfú Gāosù Tiělù), is a dual-track, electrified, passenger-dedicated, high-speed rail line between Hefei and Fuzhou, respectively the provincial capitals of Anhui and Fujian. It has a total length of 813 km (505 mi) and runs through Anhui, Jiangxi and Fujian province. Construction began on April 27, 2010 and the line was opened on 28 June 2015. The line required total investment of about ¥109.8 billion. Trains may reach top speeds of 300 kilometres per hour on this line. Travel time by train from Hefei to Fuzhou was reduced from fourteen to four hours. The railway is part of the future Beijing–Taipei high-speed rail corridor.
Cities and towns along route include Changlinhe, Chaohu, Wuwei, Tongling, Nanling, Jingxian, Jingde, Jixi and Huangshan in Anhui, Wuyuan and Shangrao in Jiangxi, and Wuyishan, Jianou, Gutian, Nanping and Minqing in Fujian.
The Hefu passenger-dedicated line (PDL) constitutes a portion of the proposed Beijing–Taipei high-speed rail corridor, which would tunnel under the Taiwan Strait from Fuzhou to the island of Taiwan. The northern section of this project is being built as the section of the Beijing-Shanghai HSR from Beijing to Bengbu. From Bengbu, a high-speed rail spur (opened on 2012-10-16), extends to Hefei, supporting 4 hour travel time from Beijing South railway station to Hefei. The Hefu PDL would then extend the line from Hefei to Fuzhou on the western shores of the Taiwan Strait. Political differences between mainland China and Taiwan complicate plans to extend the line by tunnel to Taipei.
The Hefu PDL connects the plains of central China and the southeastern coast. It is one of several projects that the Chinese government has undertaken to develop rail infrastructure along the western shores of the Taiwan Strait. Most of the line runs through mountainous regions, including scenic areas of Huangshan and Wuyi Mountains, both UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Of the 339.4 km (210.9 mi) of tracks in Anhui, 81.6% will be laid on bridges and in tunnels. The longest of the line's 170 bridges and 54 tunnels will be the Tongling Yangtze River Railroad Bridge at 52.05 km (32.34 mi).
- July 29, 2009: The Hefei–Fuzhou railway project is approved by the State Development and Planning Commission.
- Dec. 22, 2009: Project announced by the Ministry of Railway in Zhengzhou.
- April 27, 2010: Construction began on the Hefu PDL.
- June 28, 2015: Line opened
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- RailwayGazette: Hefei – Fuzhou high speed line opens
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