Hei Ling Chau

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Hei Ling Chau
Heilingchou 1.JPG
Hei Ling Chau
Heilingchau.png
Geography
LocationEast of Lantau
Area1.93 km2 (0.75 sq mi)
Highest elevation187 m (614 ft)
Administration
DistrictIslands District
Hei Ling Chau
Traditional Chinese喜靈洲
Simplified Chinese喜灵洲
Literal meaningIsland of Happy Healing
Island of Joyful Soul

Hei Ling Chau (Chinese: 喜靈洲),[1] formerly Hayling Chau, is an island of Hong Kong, located east of Silver Mine Bay and Chi Ma Wan of Lantau Island. It is administratively part of the Islands District.

Geography[edit]

Hei Ling Chau is located south of Peng Chau and north of Cheung Chau. Its companion, Sunshine Island, is at its northeast. It has an area of 1.93 km²,[2] and the highest hill heighted 187m. The island is L-shaped with angle pointed northeast. Southwest water of the island is zoned as Hei Ling Chau Typhoon Shelter.

History[edit]

The island was originally named Nai Gu Island (尼姑洲). It was settled at the end of the 19th century, and by 1951, there were 10 families numbering about 100 people on the island. It was designated as a leper colony in 1950 and the islanders were relocated to Tai Pak, Shap Long and Cheung Chau. The island was then renamed to Hei Ling Chau. At one time in the early 1960s, the leprous hospital reached a maximum of 540 patients. The colony was closed down in 1974, and remaining patients were relocated to the new Lai Chi Kok Hospital. The island was subsequently taken over by the Correctional Services Department.[1]

Facilities[edit]

Rehabilitation[edit]

The Hei Ling Chau Addiction Treatment Centre occupies the north-western part of the island and students often get a chance to visit the island by joining preventive drug education programmes. The Centre Annex is located at the southeastern[clarification needed] end of the Island.

Correctional Services[edit]

The Hei Ling Chau Correctional Institute is located on the eastern part of the island. The Lai Sun Correctional Institution is located on the northern side of the island. The Lai Sun Correctional Institution is the first Vocational Training Centre operated by the Correctional Services Department which aims to train inmates to develop useful and market-oriented vocational skills before re-integrated into society.

Religious Institutions[edit]

There are two Tin Hau Temples on the island. One was built in 1925 and was converted into a store room. The extant temple was built in 1985.[1]

Proposed Projects[edit]

In 2004, the Hong Kong Government proposed to spend HK$12 billion to build a super jail on the island. The proposal met strong opposition from the general public and experts alike, and was shelved indefinitely.

In 2006 CLP explored the possibility of constructing a second commercial wind turbine installation on Hei Ling Chau Island in order to promote the use of renewable energy in Hong Kong.[3]

Fauna[edit]

An endemic species, Dibamus bogadeki Darevsky1992, commonly known as Bogadek's blind skink or Bogadek's legless lizard, was first discovered on the island by a Salesian priest, father Anthony Bogadek, in whose honour the species is named.[4]

Transport[edit]

The ferry service from Peng Chau, operated by Hong Kong & Kowloon Ferry, continues on to Hei Ling Chau for some sailings, however a permit is required to disembark. As of 2017, the fare for a single trip costs HK$17.5.

Overlooking Hei Ling Chau from the twelfth stretch of the Lantau Trail. Man Kok is on the left side of the picture. The right side is the hilly area between Mui Wo and Chi Ma Wan.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c A Commercial Scale Wind Turbine Pilot Demonstratrion at Hei Ling Chau. EIA Report. November 2006
  2. ^ Survey and Mapping Office, Lands Department: Hong Kong geographic data sheet
  3. ^ "A Commercial Scale Wind Turbine Pilot Demonstration at Hei Ling Chau". www.epd.gov.hk. Retrieved 15 April 2016.
  4. ^ Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. ("Bogadek", p. 30).

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 22°15′9″N 114°2′25″E / 22.25250°N 114.04028°E / 22.25250; 114.04028