HeidelbergCement

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HeidelbergCement AG
Aktiengesellschaft
Traded as FWBHEI
BSE500292
NSEHEIDELBERG
Industry Building materials
Founded 1874
Headquarters Heidelberg, Germany
Key people
Bernd Scheifele (CEO and chairman of the managing board), Fritz-Jürgen Heckmann (Chairman of the supervisory board)
Products Cement, aggregates, concrete, asphalt
Revenue €m 13,465 (2015)
€m 1,846 (2015)
Profit €m 800 (2015)
Total assets $32 billion (2016)[1]
Total equity €m 15,976 (2015)
Number of employees
63,000 (1. July 2016)
Website www.heidelbergcement.com

HeidelbergCement is a German multinational building materials company headquartered in Heidelberg, Germany. It is a DAX 30 Corporation. On 1 July 2016, HeidelbergCement AG completed the acquisition of a 45% shareholding in Italcementi S.p.A. With the acquisition, HeidelbergCement becomes the number 1 producer of aggregates, the number 2 in cement and number 3 in ready-mixed concrete worldwide. The enlarged Group has activities in around 60 countries with 63,000 employees working at more than 3,000 production sites. HeidelbergCement operates 156 cement plants with an annual cement capacity of 197 million tonnes, more than 1,700 ready-mixed concrete production sites and over 600 aggregates quarries.[2]

History[edit]

HeidelbergCement incl. Italcementi

The company was founded on 5 June 1874 by Johann Philipp Schifferdecker, at Heidelberg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It was making 80,000 tonnes per annum of Portland cement in 1896. Numerous other small companies were taken over from 1914 onwards, and by 1936 it was making one million tonnes per annum. Activities abroad began with the acquisition of part of Vicat Cement, France. Shipments reached 8.3 million tonnes in 1972. In 1977, a massive program of purchases in North America began with the acquisition of Lehigh Cement. In 1990, expansion in eastern Europe began. In 1993, it acquired part of SA Cimenteries CBR of Belgium, which already had a major multinational operation. Since then it has continued to expand, with complete buy-out of CBR, and purchases in eastern Europe and Asia. A major step was the acquisition of Scancem in 1999, with operations in Northern Europe as well as Africa. Indocement in Indonesia was included in 2001. In 2007, the British company Hanson was acquired, a transaction worth £7.85 billion (US$15,8 billion), which gave the company a stronger market position in UK and US, and turned HeidelbergCement into the world's leading producer of aggregates.

HeidelbergCement plant in Schelklingen, Germany

HeidelbergCement has (2010) 29 cement and grinding plants in Western and Northern Europe, 19 in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, 16 cement plants in North America, 14 in Africa and the Mediterranean Basin. The company sold Maxit Group and its 35% share in Vicat Cement to help finance its acquisition of Hanson plc in August 2007. In most of the Group’s European countries, HeidelbergCement is the market leader in the cement business.

Adolf Merckle was a big investor in HeidelbergCement .[3] A capital increase in HeidelbergCement in September 2009, combined with a selling of shares from the Merckle family, opened up for other international owners and higher trading volumes on the stock exchanges.[citation needed]

In 2006, HeidelbergCement AG entered the Indian cement market with the acquisition of Mysore Cement.[4]

Kunda Nordic Tsement in Estonia is one of the subsidiaries of HeidelbergCement

On 1 July 2016, HeidelbergCement AG completed the acquisition of a 45% shareholding in Italcementi S.p.A. With the acquisition, HeidelbergCement becomes the number 1 producer of aggregates, the number 2 in cement and number 3 in ready-mixed concrete worldwide. The company agreed to sell its US assets for $660 million to Cementos Argos to fulfil anti-trust requirements for the takeover.[5] HeidelbergCement enters new important markets, such as France and Italy in Europe, Egypt and Morocco in North Africa and Thailand in southeast Asia. In the Canada, India and Kazakhstan, the takeover will further strengthen the existing market presence of HeidelbergCement.[6]

The enlarged Group has activities in around 60 countries with 63,000 employees working at more than 3,000 production sites. HeidelbergCement operates 156 cement plants with an annual cement capacity of 197 million tonnes, more than 1,700 ready-mixed concrete production sites and over 600 aggregates quarries.[7]

Controversial activities and critique[edit]

Indonesia:

HeidelbergCement is mainly involved in the construction of a controversial cement plant on the Indonesian island of Java through its subsidiary "Indocement". The objective is the exploitation of the Kendeng mountains against the resistance of the people living there. In addition to the destruction of the complex ecological system, the construction also has the marginalization of -partially indigenous living- inhabitants of the region to follow.[8] After the conflict came to a head in 2014, more than 20 local women living in a protest camp on the construction site. The visiting time is limited to 10 minutes for chosen relatives only by the construction officials. Thereby, many solidary activists and supporters of the "Kendeng-Women" are not able to get in contact with them anymore.[9] Therefore, the Cement Company is faced with accusations of human rights violations.[10][11]

On April 10, 2016, the 666th day of isolation, the women walked in front of the presidential palace in Jakarta, where they symbolically concreted their legs. In addition to the protest against the factory building and its ecological consequences as "misconceived `development` at the expense of indigenous and peasants ", the activists also appealed politically at HeidelbergCement that "a German company should not invest in environmental destruction and human rights violations, in any country in the world."[12]

West Bank:

In Israeli-occupied West Bank HeidelbergCement's wholly owned subsidiary Hanson Israel manufactures ready-made cement, aggregates and asphalt for Israel’s construction industry. In March 2009, the Israeli human rights organization Yesh Din filed a petition with the Israeli high court demanding a halt to mining activity in West Bank quarries, including Hanson Israel's Nahal Raba quarry.[13] According to research of the ARD magazine "Panorama" on 2 September 2010 and the ARD Studios Tel Aviv the minerals produced are brought to Israel without benefit the Palestinians communities.[14] Palestinians from the village of az-Zawiya in the immediate vicinity of the quarry lay claim to the land. The Israeli Supreme Court rejected the petition from Yesh Din in December 2011.

See also[edit]

Main HeidelbergCement competitors are:

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.forbes.com/companies/heidelbergcement/
  2. ^ "HeidelbergCement schließt Erwerb von 45%-Anteil an Italcementi ab | HeidelbergCement Group". www.heidelbergcement.com. Retrieved 2016-07-07. 
  3. ^ Adolf Merckle on Forbes.com
  4. ^ http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2014-05-02/news/49578336_1_heidelbergcement-india-mysore-cement-investment-banker
  5. ^ "HeidelbergCement sells U.S. assets for $660 million". Reuters. 2016-08-18. Retrieved 2016-08-18. 
  6. ^ "HeidelbergCement schließt Erwerb von 45%-Anteil an Italcementi ab | HeidelbergCement Group". www.heidelbergcement.com. Retrieved 2016-07-07. 
  7. ^ "HeidelbergCement schließt Erwerb von 45%-Anteil an Italcementi ab | HeidelbergCement Group". www.heidelbergcement.com. Retrieved 2016-07-07. 
  8. ^ Tempo.Co-. "Warga Kendeng Tolak Pabrik Semen di Depan Kantor Kedutaan Jerman | lingkungan | tempo.co" (in German). Retrieved 2016-06-28. 
  9. ^ "Pabrik Semen" (in German). Retrieved 2016-06-28. 
  10. ^ "News - Berlin: Solidarität mit Kendeng gegen HeidelbergCement - Rettet den Regenwald e.V.". www.regenwald.org (in German). Retrieved 2016-06-28. 
  11. ^ Deutsche Welle (www.dw.com). "Seruan Kendeng Hingga ke Jerman | Semua konten media | DW.COM | 20.05.2016". DW.COM (in German). Retrieved 2016-06-28. 
  12. ^ "News - Berlin: Solidarität mit Kendeng gegen HeidelbergCement - Rettet den Regenwald e.V.". www.regenwald.org (in German). Retrieved 2016-06-28. 
  13. ^ Request by Yesh Din to the Supreme Court in Israel. (English)
  14. ^ Deutsches Investment: Raubbau im Palästinensergebiet, ARD-Magazin Panorama, 2. September 2010 (German)

External links[edit]

  • {{Official website|[1]