Height above mean sea level

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from Height above sea level)

Height above mean sea level is a measure of the vertical distance (height, elevation or altitude) of a location in reference to a historic mean sea level taken as a vertical datum. In geodesy, it is formalized as orthometric heights.

The quantity is called "metres above mean sea level" in the metric system, while in United States customary and imperial units it would be called "feet above mean sea level".

Mean sea levels are affected by climate change and other factors and change over time. For this and other reasons, recorded measurements of elevation above sea level at a reference time in history might differ from the actual elevation of a given location over sea level at a given moment.


Metres above sea level is internationally the standard measurement of the elevation or altitude of:

Methods of measurement[edit]

The elevation or altitude in metres above sea level of a location, object, or point can be determined in a number of ways. The most common include:

Accurate measurement of historical mean sea levels is complex. Land mass subsidence (as occurs naturally in some regions) can give the appearance of rising sea levels. Conversely, markings on land masses that are uplifted due to geological processes can suggest a lowering of mean sea level.


Often, just the abbreviation MSL is used, e.g. Mount Everest (8848 m MSL), or the reference height is omitted completely, e.g. Mount Everest (8848 m).[citation needed]

Metres above mean sea level is commonly abbreviated mamsl or MAMSL, based on the abbreviation AMSL for "above mean sea level".[citation needed] Other abbreviations are m.a.s.l.[4] and MASL for "metres above sea level".

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "China Reduced Vertical Separation Minima (RVSM) | SKYbrary Aviation Safety".
  2. ^ IFALPA Briefing Leaflet - China RVSM (PDF) (Report). 2008-11-02. Archived (PDF) from the original on Jun 30, 2023. Retrieved 2023-06-29.
  3. ^ "Metric Altitude Reference | SKYbrary Aviation Safety".
  4. ^ Ricardo Bressani, Ricardo; Carlos Chon (1996). "Effects of altitude above sea level on the cooking time and nutritional value of common beans". Plant Foods for Human Nutrition. 49 (1): 53–61. doi:10.1007/BF01092522. PMID 9139304. S2CID 8408337.