Heiligenkreuz, Lower Austria

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Heiligenkreuz
Heiligenkreuz Monastery
Heiligenkreuz Monastery
Coat of arms of Heiligenkreuz
Coat of arms
Heiligenkreuz is located in Austria
Heiligenkreuz
Heiligenkreuz
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 48°3′N 16°8′E / 48.050°N 16.133°E / 48.050; 16.133Coordinates: 48°3′N 16°8′E / 48.050°N 16.133°E / 48.050; 16.133
Country Austria
State Lower Austria
District Baden
Government
 • Mayor Johann Ringhofer
Area
 • Total 29.5 km2 (11.4 sq mi)
Elevation 312 m (1,024 ft)
Population (1 January 2014)[1]
 • Total 1,536
 • Density 52/km2 (130/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 2532
Area code 02258
Website www.heiligenkreuz.at

Heiligenkreuz is a municipality in the district of Baden, in the Austrian state of Lower Austria. It is known for the Cistercian monastery of Heiligenkreuz Abbey, the associated papal college Benedict XVI and the Catholic Leopoldinum seminary.

Geography[edit]

The municipality is located within the Vienna Woods (Wienerwald) mountain range in the southwest of the Austrian capital Vienna. It is part of the Lower Austrian Industrieviertel region. Heiligenkreuz is a stop on the old Via Sacra from Vienna to Mariazell in Styria. The local economy largely depends on tourism and forestry.

The municipal area comprises the cadastral communities of Heiligenkreuz and Siegenfeld. In the southeast it borders on the district capital Baden.

History[edit]

Monastery gate

The village of Siegenfeld in the March of Austria possibly arose around 1040. In 1133 the Babenberg margrave Leopold III established the Heiligenkreuz monastery in the sparsely settled area. Another nearby village, mentioned as Muchersdorf in a 1136 deed, later became abandoned.

Over the centuries, a small settlement grew outside the monastery walls, which was incorporated as the present-day municipality in 1849.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1939 987 —    
1951 1,083 +9.7%
1961 946 −12.7%
1971 1,056 +11.6%
1981 1,105 +4.6%
1991 1,324 +19.8%
2001 1,331 +0.5%
2011 1,520 +14.2%

Politics[edit]

Seats in the municipal assembly (Gemeinderat) as of 2010 local elections:

References[edit]