Heimbach (Nahe)

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Heimbach
Coat of arms of Heimbach
Coat of arms
Heimbach  is located in Germany
Heimbach
Heimbach
Coordinates: 49°36′57″N 7°15′9″E / 49.61583°N 7.25250°E / 49.61583; 7.25250Coordinates: 49°36′57″N 7°15′9″E / 49.61583°N 7.25250°E / 49.61583; 7.25250
Country Germany
State Rhineland-Palatinate
District Birkenfeld
Municipal assoc. Baumholder
Government
 • Mayor Bernd Alsfasser
Area
 • Total 6.78 km2 (2.62 sq mi)
Elevation 330 m (1,080 ft)
Population (2015-12-31)[1]
 • Total 1,033
 • Density 150/km2 (390/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 55779
Dialling codes 06789
Vehicle registration BIR

Heimbach is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Birkenfeld district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. It belongs to the Verbandsgemeinde of Baumholder, whose seat is in the like-named town.

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

The municipality lies in the Westrich, an historic region that encompasses areas in both Germany and France, on the like-named brook, the Heimbach, in the Nahe valley between the towns of Idar-Oberstein, Baumholder and the district seat, Birkenfeld. Heimbach is at the western edge of the Verbandsgemeinde of Baumholder.

Neighbouring municipalities[edit]

Heimbach borders in the north on the municipalities of Nohen and Reichenbach, in the east on the municipality of Ruschberg, in the south on the municipalities of Berglangenbach and Leitzweiler and in the west on the municipality of Hoppstädten-Weiersbach.

Constituent communities[edit]

Also belonging to Heimbach are the outlying homesteads of Altwieserhof, Bahnhof Heimbach (Nahe), Gladerbacherhof, Heimbacherhof and Steibericherhof.[2]

History[edit]

In 1268, Heymbach had its first documentary mention. It had been previously thought to be one from 1494. For centuries, Heimbach belonged to Lorraine. In 1783 Heimbach was sold to Palatinate-Zweibrücken by the Saxe-Coburg government. It was ruled by the French from 1798 to 1814.[3] During this time it was in the Department of Sarre. After the Napoleonic Wars, it became part of the Principality of Lichtenburg, which belonged to Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (1814–1825), Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (1825–1834), and Prussia (1834–1871).[4] Under Prussian rule, it was part of the District of Sankt Wendel. After German Unification in 1871, it remained part of Prussia until the Second World War. After the war, it was part of the District of Baumholder until 1970 when it became part of the District of Birkenfeld.

Population development[edit]

Year Population[5]
1871 679
1905 794
1939 1332
1950 1427
1961 1645
1970 1773
1981 1401
1985 1437
1990 1434
1995 1394
2000 1351
2005 1270
2009 1234

Politics[edit]

Municipal council[edit]

The council is made up of 16 council members, who were elected by proportional representation at the municipal election held on 7 June 2009, and the honorary mayor as chairman.

The municipal election held on 7 June 2009 yielded the following results:[6]

  SPD CDU FWG Total
2009 3 7 6 16 seats
2004 3 6 7 16 seats

Mayor[edit]

Heimbach’s mayor is Bernd Alsfasser (FWG). He belonged to the SPD before switching allegiance.

Coat of arms[edit]

The German blazon reads: Oberer Teil der Schildhälfte: Auf schwarzem Grunde befindet sich ein rotbewehrter gezungter und gekrönter wachsender (halber) goldener Löwe. – Unterer Teil der Schildhälfte: Auf grünem Grunde befindet sich ein dreigeteilter silberner Wellenbalken. Darüber ein silbernes Zweibalken- oder Deichselkreuz.

The municipality’s arms might in English heraldic language be described thus: Per fess sable issuant from the line of partition a demilion Or armed, langued and crowned gules and vert a pall reversed wavy above which the Cross of Lorraine, both argent.

The lion refers to the parts of the municipal area once held by Palatinate-Zweibrücken. The cross with two crossbars recalls the time when the Duchy of Lorraine held sway in Heimbach. The “pall reversed” (that is, upside-down Y shape) symbolizes the coming together of the Reichenbach and the Unnerbach to form the Heimbach.

Culture and sightseeing[edit]

Buildings[edit]

The following are listed buildings or sites in Rhineland-Palatinate’s Directory of Cultural Monuments:[7]

  • Hauptstraße – two single-arch sandstone-block bridges built at right angles onto each other (Heimbach-Brücke and Unnerbach-Brücke)
  • Bridge, west of the village at Heimbach (Nahe) railway station – three-arch sandstone-block bridge across the Nahe, before 1860

In the Catholic church, Way of the Cross paintings by Gottwald have been uncovered.[8] The Catholic church belongs to the parochial community of Baumholder, Hoppstädten-Weiersbach, Heimbach and Rückweiler.

Economy and infrastructure[edit]

Transport[edit]

Road[edit]

To the south runs the Autobahn A 62 (KaiserslauternTrier). The nearest interchanges are Birkenfeld (Exit 4, 7 km to the west) and Freisen (Exit 5, 10 km to the east). Bundesstraße 41 runs to the northwest of Heimbach and there is access at Idar-Oberstein and near Birkenfeld.

The following highways run through Heimbach:

Rail[edit]

Heimbach Bahnhof
Heimbach (Nahe) station

At the former railway station in Heimbach itself, there has been no passenger service since 1981. For that, the station Heimbach (Nahe), lying 2 km west of the main centre on the river Nahe, on the Nahe Valley Railway (BingenSaarbrücken), which was built through this region in 1859, is used. However, there are plans to reactivate the Heimbach (Nahe)–Baumholder stretch of line. This spur is 9 km long and enters the village at the Scheidwald Tunnel. It was built in 1912. Today, it is used strictly for freight.

Education[edit]

In Heimbach, one kindergarten is to be found. Until 1971, there were a Catholic Volksschule and an Evangelical school at both of which the ninth-class Hauptschulabschluss could be earned. The Catholic Volksschule was then converted into a non-denominational primary school and the Evangelical school was dropped altogether. Beginning with the fifth class, the village’s children must go to school in Baumholder or Birkenfeld, or less often Freisen.

Famous people[edit]

  • Otto Witte (b. 16 October 1872; d. 13 August 1958) was once a resident of Heimbach. When Albania gained its independence from the Ottoman Empire, Witte claimed to have passed himself off as the “King of Albania” for five days and that he had actually been crowned.[9]

References[edit]

External links[edit]