Heineken

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This article is about the lager beer. For other uses, see Heineken (disambiguation).
Heineken Lager Beer
Heineken Pilsener
Heineken logo.svg Heineken.jpgHeineken lager beer made in China.jpg
Dutch bottle (left) and export bottle (right)
Type Beer
Manufacturer Heineken International
Country of origin Netherlands
Introduced 1873[1]
Alcohol by volume 5.4%[2]
Colour 7 EBC
Style Pale lager
Original gravity 1.044–1.048[citation needed]
IBU scale 23[citation needed]
Related products Heineken Oud Bruin
Heineken Premium Light
Heineken Tarwebok
Website Heineken.com

Heineken Lager Beer (Dutch: Heineken Pilsener), or simply Heineken (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈɦɛinəkən]), is a pale lager beer with 5% alcohol by volume produced by the Dutch brewing company Heineken International. Heineken is well known for its signature green bottle and red star.[3]

History[edit]

On 15 February 1864, Gerard Adriaan Heineken (1841–1893)[4][5] got his wealthy mother to buy De Hooiberg (The Haystack) brewery in Amsterdam, a popular working-class brand founded in 1592. In 1873 after hiring a Dr. Elion (student of Louis Pasteur) to develop Heineken-A Yeast for Bavarian bottom fermentation, the HBM (Heineken's Bierbrouwerij Maatschappij) was established, and the first Heineken brand beer was brewed. In 1875 Heineken won the Medaille D'Or at the International Maritime Exposition in Paris, then began to be shipped there regularly, after which Heineken sales topped 64,000 hectolitres (1.7 million U.S. gallons), making them the biggest beer exporter to France.

After Prohibition was lifted in 1933, Heineken became the first European beer to be imported to the United States.[6]

In 2013 Heineken joined leading alcohol producers as part of a producers' commitments to reducing harmful drinking.[7]

In Heineken's early years, the beer won four awards:

The two awards that are still mentioned on the label are the Medaille d'Or and Diplome d'Honneurs.[11]

In 2014 Heineken celebrated its 150th anniversary. In 2015 Heineken won the Creative Marketer of the Year Award, becoming the second company to win the award twice.[11]

The original brewery where Gerard Adriaan Heineken first started making Heineken is now the Heineken Experience Museum.[12]

Production[edit]

Two glasses of Heineken beer

Since 1975 most Heineken brand beer has been brewed at their brewery in Zoeterwoude, Netherlands.[1] In 2011 2.74 billion liters of Heineken brand beer were produced worldwide, while the total beer production of all breweries fully owned by the Heineken Group over all brands was 16.46 billion liters globally.[13] Sold in more than 170 countries, Heineken is the world's most international premium beer. It has been incorporated with numerous beer brands from different countries all over the world including, Mexico, China, and Africa.

Advertising[edit]

Heineken was the major sponsor of UEFA Champions League and Rugby World Cup.

In 2016, Heineken became the Official Beer of the Formula One World Championship starts from Canadian Grand Prix.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Heineken geschiedenis". heineken.nl/. Retrieved 28 April 2007. 
  2. ^ "Realbeer.com". Retrieved 31 Oct 2015. 
  3. ^ "Heineken®". heineken.com. 
  4. ^ http://www.nndb.com/people/532/000177998/
  5. ^ www.geni.com
  6. ^ "History of Heineken" (PDF). dwcomm.com. 
  7. ^ www.prnewswire.com
  8. ^ a b c d "Get the facts". Heineken International. Retrieved 1 May 2007. 
  9. ^ The Monthly Chronicle of Lore and Legend, 1887
  10. ^ http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/details/record?catid=-537491&catln=7
  11. ^ a b "Our History". theheinekencompany. Retrieved 13 April 2015. 
  12. ^ "Holland Pass". Heineken Experience. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 April 2015.
  13. ^ "Annual Report 2011". Heineken International. Retrieved 18 March 2012. 
  14. ^ "Heineken announces global partnership with Formula One Management". Formula1.com. Formula One World Championship Ltd. 9 June 2016. Retrieved 9 June 2016. 

External links[edit]