Heinkel He 113

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The fictitious He 113 (in reality an He 100 D-1) in a spurious night fighter unit

The Heinkel He 113 was a fictitious German fighter aircraft of World War II, invented as a propaganda and possibly disinformation exercise.

Development[edit]

In 1940, Nazi Minister of Propaganda Joseph Goebbels publicised the fact that a new fighter was entering service with the Luftwaffe. The plan involved taking pictures of Heinkel He 100 D-1s at different air bases around Germany, each time sporting a new paint job for various fictional fighter groups. The pictures were then published in the press with the He 113 name, sometimes billed as night fighters (even though they did not even have a landing light).

The aircraft also appeared in a series of "action shot" photographs in various magazines such as Der Adler, including claims that it had proven itself in combat in Denmark and Norway. One source claims that the aircraft were on loan to the one Luftwaffe Staffel in Norway for a time, but this might be a case of the same misinformation working many years later.

He 113 illustrations from Air Publication AP1764 published March 1940

It is unclear even today exactly who this effort was intended to impress—foreign air forces or Germany's public—but it seems to have been a successful deception. British intelligence featured the aircraft in AIR 40/237, a report on the Luftwaffe that was completed in 1940. There the top speed was listed as 628 km/h (390 mph). It also states the wing was 15.5 m² (167 ft²) and it noted that the aircraft was in production. Reports of 113s encountered and shot down were listed throughout the early years of the war.

Specifications (He 100D-1 {He 113})[edit]

He 113 silhouette used by aircraft spotters in 1940

Data from The Complete Book of Fighters[1]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 8.2 m (26 ft 11 in)
  • Wingspan: 9.42 m (30 ft 11 in)
  • Height: 3.6 m (11 ft 10 in) tail raised to flying attitude
  • Wing area: 14.6 m2 (157 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 1,810 kg (3,990 lb)
  • Gross weight: 2,500 kg (5,512 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Daimler-Benz DB 601M inerted V-12 direct-injection super-charged liquid-cooled piston engine, 876 kW (1,175 hp)
  • Propellers: 3-bladed constant-speed propeller

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 670 km/h (416 mph; 362 kn) at 5,000 m (16,000 ft)
  • Range: 1,010 km (628 mi; 545 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 11,000 m (36,000 ft)
  • Time to altitude: 2,000 m (6,600 ft) in 2.2 minutes

Armament

References[edit]

  1. ^ Green, William; Gordon Swanborough (1997). The Complete Book of Fighters. London: Salamander Books Limited. ISBN 1-85833-777-1. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Darbrowski, Hans-Peter (1991). Heinkel He 100 : world record and propaganda aircraft. West Chester, PA: Schiffer. ISBN 0-88740-345-X. 
  • Donald, general editor, David (1997). The encyclopedia of world aircraft (Updated ed.). Leicester: Blitz Editions. ISBN 185605375X. 
  • Green, William (1963). "Heinkel's Hoaxer". RAF Flying Review. 
  • Heinkel, Ernst (1956). Stormy Life Memoirs of a Pioneer of the Air. Boston, Mass.: E. P. Dutton & Co. Inc. 
  • Heinkel, Ernst (1955). Stürmisches Leben Herausgegeben von Jürgen (in German). Stuttgart-Zürich-Salzburg: Stuttgart-Zürich-Salzburg, Europäischer Buchklub. 
  • Wagner, Ray; Nowarra, Heinz (1971). German Combat Planes: A Comprehensive Survey and History of the Development of German Military Aircraft from 1914 to 1945. New York: Doubleday.