Heinrich Auspitz

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Heinrich Auspitz

Carl Heinrich Auspitz (September 2, 1835, in Nikolsburg, Moravia – 22 May 1886, in Vienna) was a Jewish[1] Austrian dermatologist. He was the husband of pianist Auguste Auspitz-Kólar (1843–1878).[2]

He was a member of the famous Moravian-Austrian Auspitz Family [de]. Heinrich was a son of Jewish surgeon Moritz [de] (1803, Nikolsburg – 1880). His younger brother Leopold [de] (1838, Nikolsburg – 1907) was an Imperial & Royal Generalmajor and writer. In 1840, Moritz was given a job at a Jewish hospital in Vienna, and allowed better education to his sons.

Trained at the University of Vienna, he specialized in dermatology and syphilis. He was part of the so-called Vienna School of Dermatology, and studied and worked with several eminent physicians of the time; Ernst Wilhelm (Ritter von) Brücke (1819, Berlin – 1892), Karel (Carl) Freiherr von Rokytanský (1804, Bohemia – 1878), Josef Škoda (1805, Bohemia –1881), Johann Ritter von Oppolzer (1808, Bohemia – 1871), and Ferdinand Ritter von Hebra (1816, Moravia –1880).

In 1863 he became a privat-docent of dermatology and syphilis, and during the following year began work in the histological institute of Carl Wedl.[2] In 1872 he was named director of the general policlinic, and from 1875 onward, was an associate professor at the university.

A pioneer in tissue pathology, he described the pinpoint bleeding on removal of a psoriasis scale that bears his name: "Auspitz's sign".[3] In 1885 he published an article involving mycosis fungoides titled "Ein Fall von Granuloma fungoides (Mycosis fungoides Alibert)".[4]

Together with Philipp Josef Pick (1834-1910), he founded first German-language magazine for dermatology, the "Archiv für Dermatologie und Syphilis" (1869). In 1882 he became a member of the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina. In May 1886 he died from a heart condition, and was interred in the Wiener Zentralfriedhof.[2]


Since 2005, the "Heinrich Auspitz Preis" has been awarded by the Wyeth and Pfizer Corporation Austria in order to promote scientific research in the field of dermatology.[5]

Selected works[edit]

  • Anatomie des Blattenprocesses. Virchows Archiv für pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie und für klinische Medizin, Berlin, 1863.
  • Die Lehren vom Syphilitischen Contagium und ihre thatsächliche Begründung; 384 pages. Wien, W. Braumüller, 1866.
  • Die Zelleninfiltrationen der Lederhaut bei Lupus, Syphilis und Skrophylose. Medizinische Jahrbücher, Wien, 1866.
  • Über das Verhältnis der Oberhaut zur Papillarschicht, insbesondere bei pathologischen Zuständen der Haut. Archiv für Dermatologie und Syphilis, Berlin, 1870; 2: 24-58.[6]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Hans Morgenstern, "Jüdisches biographisches Lexikon. Eine Sammlung von bedeutenden Persönlichkeiten jüdischer Herkunft ab 1800", Lit Verlag [de], Wien; p. 40
  2. ^ a b c Statement(s) based on translated text from an equivalent article at the German Wikipedia.
  3. ^ Auspitz' symptom @ Who Named It
  4. ^ Alibert-Bazin syndrome @ Who Named It
  5. ^ [1][permanent dead link] Statuten Heinrich Auspitz Preis
  6. ^ Heinrich Auspitz - bibliography @ Who Named It

External links[edit]