Heinrich Conried

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Heinrich Conried
Picture of Heinrich Conried.jpg
General Manager of the Metropolitan Opera
In office
1903–1908
Preceded by Maurice Grau
Succeeded by Giulio Gatti-Casazza
Personal details
Born (1855-09-03)September 3, 1855
Bielitz, Austrian Silesia
Died April 27, 1909(1909-04-27) (aged 53)
Merano, Italy

Heinrich Conried (September 3, 1855 – April 27, 1909) was a theatrical manager and director of the Metropolitan Opera in New York City.[1]

Biography[edit]

He was born on September 3, 1855 in Bielitz, Austrian Silesia (now Poland). His father was a weaver of Jewish origin. He received his education at the Realschule in Vienna. Early on, he was an actor in at the Burgtheater in Vienna. Only 21 years old he became manager of the failed Bremer Stadttheater. His success in rescuing the theater not only moved the Senate of the city to pass a resolution thanking him, but also brought him to the attention of Adolf Neuendorff, who was the manager of the Germania Theatre in New York. On invitation of Neuendorff Conried moved in 1878 to New York City, where he became chief stage manager of the Germania Theatre. In 1881 he moved to the Thalia Theatre as artistic manager and in 1882 he became artistic manager of the New York Concert Company.[2]

In 1893 he assumed the management of the Irving Place Theatre. In 1903, he succeeded Maurice Grau as director of the Metropolitan Opera until 1908. His first season at the Met was notable through the first production of Parsifal outside of Bayreuth, against the wishes of Cosima Wagner, who went to court but failed in her attempt to forbid the production. By December 31, 1913, when the copyright of Parsifal expired, the work had been represented 43 times at the Metropolitan Opera. Enrico Caruso, who until then had refused all offers to come to America, was persuaded by Conried to come to New York and sing at the Met. Soon after he had become director of the Metropolitan Opera, he conceived the New Theatre.

On May 1, 1908 he retired from the Metropolitan Opera House due to his poor health. Immediately afterwards he voyaged to Europe. He died on April 27, 1909 in the Hotel Meranerhof in the city of Meran from an apoplectic stroke in the presence of his wife and sister.[2][3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Heinrich Conried". The Cyclopædia of American Biography. 1918. 
  2. ^ a b "Heinrich Conried Dies In Austria. Former Metropolitan Opera Director Succumbs at 2:30 This Morning to Apoplectic Stroke. Began Life As A Weaver. Health Undermined by Worries Growing Out of the Management of the Opera House". New York Times. April 27, 1909. Retrieved 2015-08-12. Heinrich Conried, former Director of the Metropolitan Opera House in New York, who suffered an apoplectic stroke several days ago, died at 2:30 o'clock this morning. 
  3. ^ "Conried Still Unconscious". New York Times. April 26, 1909. Retrieved 2015-08-12. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Baker, Theodore. Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians, 4th edition, G. Schirmer, 1940.
  • Moses, Montrose Jonas. The Life of Heinrich Conried, New York, Thomas Y. Crowell Company Publishers, 1916.
  • Sendrey, Alfred. Bibliography of Jewish Music, Columbia University Press, 1951.
  • Wininger, S.. Große Jüdische National-Biographie, Vol. I, 1925, p. 591.