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Heinrich Dumoulin, S.J. (31 May 1905 – 21 July 1995) was a Jesuit theologian, a widely published author on Zen, and a professor of philosophy and history at Sophia University in Tokyo (where he was Professor Emeritus). He was the founder of its Institute for Oriental Religions, as well as the first Director of the Nanzan Institute for Religion and Culture.
He was born in Rhineland, Germany, and ordained as a Jesuit priest in 1933. In 1935 he was sent to Japan on missions under the guidance of Fr. Hugo Enomiya-Lassalle, where he became fluent in Shinto religion and Buddhism.
He died in 1995 at the age of 90.
- The Development of Chinese Zen After the Sixth Patriarch in the Light of the Mumonkan (1953, First Zen Institute of America)
- A History of Zen Buddhism (1963, Pantheon Books)
- Christianity Meets Buddhism (1974, Open Court Publishing)
- Buddhism in the Modern World (1976, Macmillan Publishing)
- Zen Enlightenment: Origins and Meaning (1979, Weatherhill)
- Zen Buddhism in the Twentieth Century (1992)
- Understanding Buddhism: Key Themes (1994), Weatherhill
- Zen Buddhism: A History; Volume 1 India and China, (2005, World Wisdom)
- Zen Buddhism: A History; Volume 2 Japan, (2005, World Wisdom)