Heinrich Lissauer

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Heinrich Lissauer (September 12, 1861 – September 21, 1891) was a German neurologist born in Neidenburg (today Nidzica, Poland). He was the son of archaeologist Abraham Lissauer (1832-1908).

He studied at the Universities of Heidelberg, Berlin and Leipzig. He was a neurologist at the psychiatric hospital in Breslau, and was a one-time assistant to Carl Wernicke.

In 1885 he provided a description of the dorso-lateral tract, a bundle of fibers between the apex of the posterior horn and the surface of the spinal marrow, that was to become known as "Lissauer's tract".[1] Another eponymous term associated with Lissauer is "Lissauer's paralysis", a condition that is an apoplectic type of general paresis.

Among his written works was an influential treatise on visual agnosia, being referred to as Seelenblindheit in 19th-century German medicine, a term that roughly translates to "soul blindness". Lissauer died in Hallstatt, Austria on September 21, 1891 at the age of 30.

Written works[edit]

  • Beitrag zur pathologische Anatomie des Tabes dorsalis und zum Faserverlauf in menschlichen Rückenmark. Neurologisches Centralblatt, 1885, 4: 245-246.[1]
  • Beitrag zum Faserverlauf im Hinterhorn des menschlichen Rückenmarks und zum Verhalten desselben bei Tabes Dorsalis.
  • Ein Fall von Seelenblindheit, nebst einem Beitrag zur Theorie derselben. In: Archiv für Psychiatrie und Nervenkrankheiten, Jg. 21 (1890), S. 222-270.
  • Sehhügelveränderungen bei progressiver Paralyse. In: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift, Jg. 16 (1890).