Heinrich Scheel

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Heinrich Scheel
Born Heinrich Karl Scheel
(1829-05-17)17 May 1829
Hamburg, Germany
Died 13 April 1909(1909-04-13) (aged 79)
Riga, Latvia
Nationality Baltic German
Education St.Petersburg Academy of Arts
Known for Architecture
Movement Eclecticism, Art Nouveau

Heinrich Karl Scheel (Latvian: Heinrihs Kārlis Šēls, 17 May, 1829 – 13 April, 1909) was a baltic German architect who lived and worked in Riga. He is considered one of the greatest 19th century Riga architects and has designed more than 40 public and private buildings there.


Heinrich Scheel is born 17 May 1829 in Hamburg. In 1847, he started studies in St.Petersburg Academy of Arts. After graduation in 1851 he became assistant of the architect and academy professor Ludwig Bohnstedt. In 1853, Scheel supervised construction of Riga Great guild building (architect K.Beine). From 1860 to 1862 he, together with F.Hess, supervised construction of Riga First (German) Theater (architect L.B ohnstedt)[1] In 1862 Scheel became lecturer in St. Peterburg Academy of arts although his main workplace was Riga.

In the second half of 19th century Heinrich Scheel designed buildings in Riga, Ventspils and also Estonia. He also has restored many rooms in the Jelgava Palace. In 1899 he together with Friedrich Scheefel created their own building office Scheel&Scheefel which became one of the pioneers of Art Nouveau architecture in Riga.[2]

Heinrich Scheel died on 13 April 1909 in Riga and he is buried in Riga Great cemetery.


Heinrich Scheel mostly worked in Eclectic styles. Most buildings are designed in Neo-Renaissance forms, but he also used Neo-Gothic or mixture of them both. In the beginning of 20th. century he was one of the first architects who started to work in Art Nouveau style.


  1. ^ http://www.jugendstils.riga.lv/JugendstilsRiga//ssels/
  2. ^ http://www.jugendstils.riga.lv/JugendstilsRiga//ssels/