Heinrich Trettner

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Heinrich Trettner
Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1970-016-17, Heinz Trettner.jpg
Born (1907-09-19)19 September 1907
Died 18 September 2006(2006-09-18) (aged 98)
Allegiance  Nazi Germany
 West Germany
Service/branch Luftwaffe
Years of service 1925–45
1956–66
Rank General
Commands held 4th Parachute Division (Wehrmacht)
Inspector General of the Bundeswehr
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves
Great Cross of Merit

Heinrich "Heinz" Trettner (19 September 1907 – 18 September 2006) was a German general serving during World War II and from 1964 to 1966 Inspector General of the Bundeswehr. He was a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves of Nazi Germany and the last living general of the Wehrmacht.

World War II[edit]

From the start of the war until December 1940 Trettner served as Staff Officer, Operations (Ia) in the Staff of the 7th Paratroop Division until 14 June 1939. He was later appointed Chief Of Operations in the Staff of the XI. Paratroop Corps (15 December 1940 to 6 April 1942), taking part in the airborne operation on Crete. He was promoted to Chief of Staff of the XI. Paratroop Corps, but on 4 October 1943 was reassigned to head formation and become Commanding Officer of the 4th Parachute Division (Germany), a command he held until 3 May 1945 when he surrendered to the US troops.

Post World War II[edit]

Trettner was released from internment in April 1948 and worked initially for the Caritas charity. In 1949 then enrolled at the University of Bonn and studied Economics and Jurisprudence, and received his diploma in Economics in 1956. Trettner then joined the Bundeswehr and was transferred to the Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe SHAPE in Paris serving as commander of the logistics department until 15 September 1959.

As Inspector General, Trettner apparently had a poor relationship with Karl Gumbel, the civilian Deputy Minister of Defence, and objected to taking orders from a civil servant, Gumbel, in the absence of the Minister. He was also opposed to a ruling by the Minister, in the face of a court order, that members of the military could join a union. These factors led to his resignation, which nearly coincided with that of Werner Panitzki, the chief of staff of the Luftwaffe.[1]

Trettner was one of the umpires for the 1974 Sandhurst wargame on Operation Sea Lion. Trettner died one day before his 99th birthday. He was the last living general of the Wehrmacht.

Awards[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Hermann Hagena (May–June 1967). "Civilian Control in the German Armed Forces". Air University Review. United States Air Force. Retrieved 2008-04-11. 
  2. ^ a b c d Thomas & Wegmann 1986, p. 328.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Thomas & Wegmann 1986, p. 329.
  4. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 426.
  5. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 88.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) [1986]. Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. 
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Militaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. 
  • Thomas, Franz; Wegmann, Günter (1986). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Deutschen Wehrmacht 1939–1945 Teil II: Fallschirmjäger [The Knight's Cross Bearers of the German Wehrmacht 1939–1945 Part II: Paratroopers] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-1461-8. 
  • Thomas, Franz (1998). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 2: L–Z [The Oak Leaves Bearers 1939–1945 Volume 2: L–Z] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2300-9. 

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
General Friedrich Foertsch
Chief of Staff of the Federal Armed Forces
1 January 1964–25 August 1966
Succeeded by
General Ulrich de Maizière