Heinrich Vogt (astronomer)
|Died||January 23, 1968 (aged 77)|
|Alma mater||University of Heidelberg|
|Known for||Vogt-Russell theorem|
|Institutions||University of Jena, |
University of Heidelberg
|Doctoral advisor||Max Wolf|
In 1911, after graduating from high school in Mainz, Vogt enrolled at the University of Heidelberg to study astronomy, mathematics, and physics, where he was under the tutelage of Max Wolf. His studies were interrupted due to World War I, but he continued his scientific career and earned a PhD in 1919 with a dissertation on the topic "On the theory of Algol variables". In 1921, he completed a Habilitation on "Photometric studies and brightness measurements in the cluster h and χ Persei".
Work and academic appointments
In 1926, Vogt was appointed as an associate professor at the University of Heidelberg as well as the chief observer at Heidelberg State Observatory. In 1929 he was appointed as a full professor at the University of Jena as well as director of Jena Observatory.
In 1931, he became a member of the Nazi Party and rose to become a Politischer Leiter and the Nazi Party's liaison at the university. In 1933, he became a member of the Sturmabteilung, the paramilitary branch of the Nazi Party, and rose to the rank of Obersturmführer.
In 1945 he was dismissed from his position as director of the observatory, but retained his professorship until his retirement in 1957. He increased his teaching activities and began to write popular books on astronomy and cosmology.
Vogt married Margarete Braun and had a son and a daughter.
- Diehl, Norbert. "Biography of Heinrich Vogt". Retrieved 24 July 2013.
- Kollnig-Schattschneider, E. (1970). "Heinrich Vogt 5.10.1890-23.1.1968". Astronomische Nachrichten. 292: 45–46. Bibcode:1970AN....292...45K. doi:10.1002/asna.19702920109.
- Hockey, Thomas; Trimble, V.; Williams, Th.; Bracher, K.; Jarrell, R.; Marché, J.D.; Ragep, F.J. (2007). Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers. Springer. p. 1184. ISBN 978-0-387-31022-0.
- Ernst Klee: Das Personenlexikon zum Dritten Reich. Wer war was vor und nach 1945. Fischer Taschenbuch Verlag, Zweite aktualisierte Auflage, Frankfurt am Main 2005, ISBN 978-3-596-16048-8, p. 643.
- Carroll, Bradley W.; Ostlie, Dale A. (2007). An Introduction to Modern Astrophysics. Addison-Wesley. p. 333.