Heinrich Wilhelm Schott
Heinrich Wilhelm Schott
|Born||7 January 1794|
|Died||5 May 1865|
|Alma mater||University of Vienna|
|Known for||study of aroids, participation in the Austrian Brazil Expedition|
|Author abbrev. (botany)||Schott|
Heinrich Wilhelm Schott (7 January 1794 in Brünn (Brno), Moravia – 5 March 1865 at Schönbrunn Palace, Vienna) was an Austrian botanist well known for his extensive work on aroids (Araceae).
He studied botany, agriculture and chemistry at the University of Vienna, where he was a pupil of Joseph Franz von Jacquin (1766–1839). He was a participant in the Austrian Brazil Expedition from 1817 to 1821. In 1828 he was appointed Hofgärtner (royal gardener) in Vienna, later serving as director of the Imperial Gardens at Schönbrunn Palace (1845). In 1852 he was in charge of transforming part of palace gardens in the fashion of an English garden. He also enriched the Viennese court gardens with his collections from Brazil. He was also interested in Alpine flora, and was responsible for development of the alpinum at Schloss Belvedere in Vienna.
In 2008, botanists P.C.Boyce & S.Y.Wong published Schottarum, a genus of flowering plants from Borneo belonging to the family Araceae. Then they published Schottariella, a monotypic genus of flowering plants from Borneo belonging to the family Araceae, both genera were named in honour of Heinrich Wilhelm Schott.
- Meletemata botanica (with Stephan Ladislaus Endlicher), 1832
- Rutaceae. Fragmenta botanica, 1834
- Genera filicum, 1834–1836
- Aroideae, 1853–1857
- Analecta botanica (with Theodor Kotschy and Carl Fredrik Nyman), 1854
- Synopsis Aroidearum, 1856
- Icones Aroidearum, 1857
- Genera Aroidearum Exposita, 1858
- Prodromus Systematis Aroidearum, 1860
- The Botanical Art of Schott's Aroideae Maximilianae by Scott Hyndman
- Deutsche Biographie Schott, Heinrich Wilhelm (biography).
- ^ "Schottarum P.C.Boyce & S.Y.Wong | Plants of the World Online | Kew Science". Plants of the World Online. Retrieved 8 December 2021.
- ^ "Schottariella P.C.Boyce & S.Y.Wong | Plants of the World Online | Kew Science". Plants of the World Online. Retrieved 26 September 2021.
- ^ International Plant Names Index. Schott.
- Riedl, H.; Riedl-Dorn, Christa - Heinrich Wilhelm Schott's botanical collections at the Vienna Natural History Museum; International Association for Plant Taxonomy - Utrecht (1988) ISBN/ISSN 0040-0262