27 August 1905|
Dortmund, German Empire
|Died||13 January 1971
Bad Tölz, West Germany
|Years of service||1933–45|
|Commands held||SS Division Das Reich|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
|Awards||Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross|
Heinz Lammerding (27 August 1905 – 13 January 1971) was a high-ranking member of the Waffen-SS during World War II, who was a commander of the SS Division Das Reich and a convicted war criminal who ordered the murder of approximately 750 civilians.
In 1953, he was tried in France for war crimes, for ordering two massacres in 1944: at Tulle and at Oradour-sur-Glane. He was sentenced to death in absentia by the court of Bordeaux, but he was never extradited from West Germany nor was he ever sentenced by a German court.
According to Danny S. Parker, Lammerding had already been tried in West Germany, convicted of war crimes and had served a prison sentence. He therefore was not subject to extradition under the Bonn constitution, much to the consternation of the French. They threatened to send in a commando unit to seize him, as the Israelis did in the case of Adolf Eichmann. Before this could occur, Lammerding died, in 1971.
General Lammerding was the commanding officer. On 9 June, he'd ordered the deaths of ninety-nine hostages in Tulle. He also gave the order for the Oradour-sur-Glane massacre. Later on in the war, Lammerding was captured by the British, who refused his extradition to France. Instead, he was returned to Düsseldorf, where he ran a successful company until his death in 1971.
His funeral in 1971 turned into a large reunion of former SS 'comrades'.
- German Cross in Gold on 24 April 1943 as SS-Standartenführer and commander of SS-Kradschützen-Regiment "Thule"
- Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 11 April 1944 as SS-Oberführer and commander of Panzer-Kampfgruppe "Das Reich"
- Le maire d'Oradour-sur-Glane : « Il était dénué de toute humanité », Le Parisien, 14 August 2007 (French)
- Parker 2014, p. 386.
- The Hanging Garden (1998), by Ian Rankin
- The "assassin of Oradour-sur-Glane" died at the age of 86, The World of 14 August 2007.
- L'"assassin d'Oradour-sur-Glane" est mort à l'âge de 86 ans, Le Monde (with AFP), 14 August 2007 (French)
- http://www.ag-friedensforschung.de/themen/Kriegsgeschichte1/oradour.html Florence Hervé, Oradour, Ort des Schmerzes, AG Friedensforschung, 2014
- Patzwall & Scherzer 2001, p. 266.
- Scherzer 2007, p. 490.
- Parker, Danny S. (2014). Hitler's Warrior: The Life and Wars of SS Colonel Jochen Peiper. Da Capo Press. ISBN 978-0306821547.
- Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II [The German Cross 1941 – 1945 History and Recipients Volume 2] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8.
- Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Militaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.
SS-Obergruppenführer Walter Krüger
|Commander of SS Division Das Reich
23 October 1943 – 24 July 1944
SS-Standartenführer Christian Tychsen
SS-Brigadeführer Otto Baum
|Commander of SS Division Das Reich
23 October 1944 – 20 January 1945
SS-Standartenführer Karl Kreutz