Heinz Leymann was born on 17 July 1932 in Wolfenbüttel, Germany. He was a Swedish citizen, famous for his studies on mobbing among humans. He held a degree in pedagogical psychology, and another one in psychiatry and worked as a psychologist. He was a professor at Umeå University, and died in 1999 in Stockholm.
Leymann, who became a Swedish citizen in the mid-1950s, was awarded his Ph.D. in pedagogical psychology from Stockholm University in 1978. He then went on to get another research doctorate (doktor i medicinsk vetenskap, "doctor of medical science," typically translated into English as Ph.D.) in psychiatry in 1990 from Umeå University. Somewhat unusually, his doctorate in psychiatry was based on his clinical background as a psychologist; he did not go through medical training.
Leymann's work on mobbing
Leymann pioneered research into mobbing in the 1980s. His initial research in the area was based on detailed case studies of a number of nurses who had committed or tried to commit suicide due to events at the workplace. He developed the Leymann Inventory of Psychological Terror (LIPT), a questionnaire of 45 mobbing actions.
Although he preferred the term bullying in the context of school children, some have come to regard mobbing as a form of group bullying. As professor and practicing psychologist, Leymann also noted one of the side-effects of mobbing is post-traumatic stress disorder and is frequently misdiagnosed.
Among researchers who have built on Leymann's work are:
- Davenport, Schwartz & Elliott
- Shallcross, Ramsay & Barker
- Zapf & Einarsen
- Leymann, Heinz, Kan arbetslivet demokratiseras?: om vikten av att se demokratiseringen som en inlärningsprocess = [Is democracy on the job possible?] : [the significance of the learning process underlying democratic participation], Pedagogiska inst., Stockholms univ., Diss. Stockholm : Univ.,Stockholm, 1978 - LIBRIS record
- Leymann, Heinz, Psychological reactions to violence in working life: bank robberies, Umeå, 1990 (Umeå University medical dissertations, 0346-6612 ; N.S., 289) - LIBRIS record
- The Mobbing Encyclopaedia: A presentation of Professor Heinz Leymann, PhD, MD sci, accessed 2010-06-07
- Maciej Zaremba, Fritt fram i Sverige. Men brottsligt i Frankrike, Dagens Nyheter 2010-06-03 (in Swedish)
- Davenport NZ, Schwartz RD & Elliott GP Mobbing, Emotional Abuse in the American Workplace, 3rd Edition 2005, Civil Society Publishing. Ames, IA,
- Hecker TE "Workplace Mobbing: a Discussion for Librarians." Journal of Academic Librarianship. 33:4, pp. 439–445 2007
- Shallcross L, Ramsay S & Barker M "Workplace Mobbing: Expulsion, Exclusion, and Transformation (2008) (blind peer reviewed) Australia and New Zealand Academy of Management Conference (ANZAM)
- Westhues K Eliminating Professors: A Guide to the Dismissal Process . Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen Press.
Westhues K The Envy of Excellence: Administrative Mobbing of High-Achieving Professors Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen Press.]
Westhues K "At the Mercy of the Mob" OHS Canada, Canada's Occupational Health & Safety Magazine (18:8), pp. 30–36.
- Zapf D & Einarsen S 2005 "Mobbing at Work: Escalated Conflicts in Organizations." Counterproductive Work Behavior: Investigations of Actors and Targets. Fox, Suzy & Spector, Paul E. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association vii. p.
Duffy, M., & Sperry, L. (2012). Mobbing: Causes, Consequences, and Solutions. New York: Oxford University Press.