Heir Island

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Heir Island
Native name: Inis Uí Drisceoil
Heir Island is located in island of Ireland
Heir Island
Heir Island
Geography
Location Carbery's Hundred Isles
Coordinates 51°30′N 9°26′W / 51.500°N 9.433°W / 51.500; -9.433Coordinates: 51°30′N 9°26′W / 51.500°N 9.433°W / 51.500; -9.433
Area 1.5 km2 (0.58 sq mi)
Administration
Ireland
Province Munster
County Cork
Barony Carbery West
Demographics
Population 29[1] (2010)
Pop. density 20 /km2 (50 /sq mi)

Heir Island or Hare Island, sometimes called Inishodriscol (Irish: Inis Uí Drisceoil, meaning "Ó Driscol's island") is an island that lies southwest of County Cork, Ireland. It has a year-round population of around 25–30. The island is 2.5 km long and 1.5 km wide. It is the fourth largest of Carbery's Hundred Isles, after Sherkin Island, Clear Island and Long Island. It is close to Cunnamore Pier, which is its main access point.

History[edit]

The island was once inhabited by approximately 400 people. The McCarthy and O'Neill families are known for living on this island for years, the latter in fact owned the original island post office.[citation needed] To make a living on the Island the inhabitants either fished or farmed the land but were often unable to make an adequate living, as a result many of the young people emigrated to England, USA and Australia. There are still many descendants of the original islanders living and working on the island. As a result of the emigration, many of the houses were sold in the 1960s and those who bought them often restored the original houses as holiday homes which visitors can see dotted around the island.

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1841 358 —    
1851 288 −19.6%
1861 261 −9.4%
1871 279 +6.9%
1881 302 +8.2%
1891 325 +7.6%
1901 317 −2.5%
1911 294 −7.3%
Year Pop. ±%
1926 216 −26.5%
1936 169 −21.8%
1946 143 −15.4%
1951 139 −2.8%
1956 116 −16.5%
1961 94 −19.0%
1966 78 −17.0%
1971 79 +1.3%
Year Pop. ±%
1979 54 −31.6%
1981 35 −35.2%
1986 19 −45.7%
1991 22 +15.8%
1996 16 −27.3%
2002 27 +68.8%
2006 24 −11.1%
Source: Central Statistics Office. "CNA17: Population by Off Shore Island, Sex and Year". CSO.ie. Retrieved October 12, 2016. 

Heir Island today[edit]

There is a small hamlet on the island; the old main residential area known as Paris which is noted for the bridge, which is only wide enough for one car to pass. This hamlet was once the centre of the island's fishing activities due to the fact that the landing, pickling and barrelling of the day's catch was done there.[citation needed]

Many of the ruins on the island reflect the years when the island was home to a great deal more than today. The schoolhouse and the ruins of the schoolmaster's house are on the main road up the island. The island also has 2 piers and today the shop's location is in Burke's (home of the Roaringwater Sailing School).

The island has a wildlife preserve and several beaches; the most noted of these is the Sandy Beach or Trá Bán, a sandy stretch on the east side of the island, facing Baltimore. The beach is used as a landing point for small craft during the summer months.

The main way to get to the island is via the island ferry, the M.V Thresher, which departs from Cunnamore point to the island's main pier 6 times a day, every 2 hours, from 8am to 6pm during the summer. This ferry also operates routes from adjacent islands and Baltimore upon special request. The Thresher is the main access point to Heir Island for visitors.

Another ferry which services the islands is the M.V. Boy Colm which provides ferry services from Baltimore & Cunnamore throughout the summer months of July and August to Heir Island and to Sherkin Island. Unscheduled and special sailings to other destinations on this vessel are upon request. For angling trips, island and "eco" tours, the M.V. Norvic provides a service within Roaringwater Bay.[2]

One restaurant on the island is noted for its fresh "catch of the day"; which varies depending on season. Shrimp, lobster, salmon, crab and a variety of local fish are served at the restaurant called, "The Island Cottage".[3] A special evening ferry departs from Cunnamore at 8pm and returning at 12 midnight, and like the restaurant is by booking only.

Heir Island is supplied with mains power from the mainland through a submarine power cable.[4]

Geography[edit]

Over 200 species of wildflower grow on Heir Island. The island has many beaches, as well as cliffs on the most south-westerly point known as The Dún. The island is surrounded by Carbery's Hundred Isles and has a view of Mount Gabriel near Schull. It has 360 acres (1.5 km2) of fertile land, some of which is set-aside.

Every year there is a special mass for all the children that died on the island during famine or from illness, at the children's famine memorial. This memorial is located near the Old-Schoolhouse in the centre of the island and is marked with a large cross.

Tourism[edit]

The permanent population of Heir Island is only 25–30, but during summer months when the holiday homes are occupied the population increases to around 150.[5] Although the small island does not have a pub, it has B&Bs, holiday rentals, an art gallery, a sailing school and outdoor activities camp, a holistic therapy centre, one permanent restaurant and one pop-up restaurant which is located in the Sailing School. Fresh bread is also made at the Firehouse Bakery where baking courses are also held. The island is also home to a handful of artists, and their work is show in the galleries on the island.

The island is also a popular location for bird watchers, due to its mixture of eco-systems; coastal, forest, marsh and heathland.

Heir Island is one of seven inhabited West Cork islands.

External links[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Evening Echo - Seven Isles of Cork
  2. ^ "Heir Island Ferries". Heir Island Ferries. Retrieved 13 June 2010. 
  3. ^ "Heir Island". Islandsofireland.com. Retrieved 13 June 2010. 
  4. ^ "Our contribution to the offshore islands". Electric Mail. ESB. January 2003. Between the 60's and 80's ESB extended mainland supply to Spike Island, Long Island, Hare Island and Whiddy Island Using submarine cable 
  5. ^ "Heir Island". Heirislandsailingschool.com. Retrieved 13 June 2010.