Hejazi turban

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The Hejazi turban (Arabic: عِمَامَة‎, romanizedʿEmāmah) is a type of the turban headdress native to the region of Hejaz in modern-day western Saudi Arabia.

It is but one version of Arabian turbans that have been worn in the Arabian Peninsula from the pre-Islamic era to the present day.

Many Arab Historians claim that the Pre- and Post-Islamic Arabs of the Hejaz region such as the Quraish, Ansar, Qahtanites, Kindites, Nabateans, Qedarites, Adnanites, Himyarites, Lakhmids, Ghassanids, Arabian Jews and others used to wear the turban, as opposed to the Keffiyeh which is popular today in the Arabian peninsula.


The Arabian ʿEmāmah is worn today by the Ulama and Imams of the 3 holy mosques, other mosques, judges and scholars.

An Orange or Dark Yellow version called the "Ghabana" is also worn in many places of the Hijaz nowadays but it's not clear if its Arabic in origin. It may also be Multicolored or Dark Red or Green in some places like Madina Munawwara. Sometimes it may also have a pointed cap in the middle like a Turkish Kalpak which shows the influence of the Ottoman Caliphate era.

In most countries of the Arabian peninsula, a plain or checkered scarf (called keffiyeh, ghutrah, shumagh or chefiyah), not usually described as a turban is often worn, though the Arabic Emamah tradition remains strong in Oman (see Sultan Qaboos of Oman), Sudan and some parts of the Arabian peninsula.

The colored turban, Ghabanah, is a common inherited cultural turban in the regions of Hijaz, and it still the inhabitants costume of Mecca, Madinah and Jeddah in particular. Ghabanah is the heritage uniform headwear for traders and the general community categories of the prestigious and middle-class, with the exception of religious scholars who have had their special turbans distinctiveness predominately white. The Hijazi turbans with different shapes are the extension of the turban of Islamic prophet Muhammad who lived in Mecca and Madinah. There are several types of Ghabanah, perhaps the most famous is the yellow (Halabi), that made in Aleppo, that characterized by different inscriptions, and wrapped on a dome-like hollow taqiyah or a Turkish fez or kalpak cap. Colorful turbans called Masar are the national headwear costume in Oman, and also are common in some regions in south of Yemen and Hadhramaut. Moreover, the white ghutrah or shumagh are commonly wrapped in Hamdaniyah style, which is also the shape of turbans in the United Arab Emirates.

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