Hekinan

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Hekinan
碧南市
Kokonoe Mirin Co., Ltd.
Kokonoe Mirin Co., Ltd.
Flag of Hekinan
Official seal of Hekinan
Location of Hekinan in Aichi Prefecture
Location of Hekinan in Aichi Prefecture
Hekinan is located in Japan
Hekinan
Hekinan
 
Coordinates: 34°53′4.9″N 136°59′36.3″E / 34.884694°N 136.993417°E / 34.884694; 136.993417Coordinates: 34°53′4.9″N 136°59′36.3″E / 34.884694°N 136.993417°E / 34.884694; 136.993417
CountryJapan
RegionChūbu (Tōkai)
PrefectureAichi
Area
 • Total36.68 km2 (14.16 sq mi)
Population
 (October 1, 2019)
 • Total72,864
 • Density2,000/km2 (5,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
– TreeOak
– FlowerJapanese iris
Phone number0566-41-3311
Address28 Matsumoto-chō, Hekinan-shi, Aichi-ken 447-8601
WebsiteOfficial website

Hekinan (碧南市, Hekinan-shi) is a city in Aichi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 October 2019, the city had an estimated population of 72,864 in 29,139 households,[1] and a population density of 1,986 persons per km2. The total area of the city was 36.68 square kilometres (14.16 sq mi).[2]

Geography[edit]

DownTown of HekinanCity
Hekinan city center, 1987

Hekinan is located in south-central Aichi Prefecture, and is surrounded by Lake Aburagafuchi, the Yahagi River, Kinuura Bay, and Mikawa Bay. Most of the city area lies on reclaimed ground, with an average elevation of under seven meters above sea level.

Climate[edit]

The city has a climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and relatively mild winters (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The average annual temperature in Hekinan is 15.7 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1609 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 27.6 °C, and lowest in January, at around 4.6 °C.[3]

Gamagōri, Aichi is the closet point that measures climate information.

Climate data for Gamagōri, Aichi (1971–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 9.2
(48.6)
9.7
(49.5)
13.2
(55.8)
18.5
(65.3)
22.7
(72.9)
25.5
(77.9)
29.2
(84.6)
30.9
(87.6)
27.4
(81.3)
22.2
(72.0)
17.1
(62.8)
11.9
(53.4)
19.8
(67.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.3
(41.5)
5.5
(41.9)
8.9
(48.0)
14.2
(57.6)
18.5
(65.3)
21.9
(71.4)
25.5
(77.9)
26.9
(80.4)
23.6
(74.5)
18.3
(64.9)
13.1
(55.6)
8.0
(46.4)
15.8
(60.4)
Average low °C (°F) 2.0
(35.6)
1.9
(35.4)
4.9
(40.8)
10.1
(50.2)
14.7
(58.5)
18.8
(65.8)
22.6
(72.7)
23.8
(74.8)
20.7
(69.3)
14.9
(58.8)
9.6
(49.3)
4.5
(40.1)
12.4
(54.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 47.9
(1.89)
59.2
(2.33)
135.9
(5.35)
149.5
(5.89)
178.7
(7.04)
231.5
(9.11)
175.3
(6.90)
157.5
(6.20)
257.2
(10.13)
127.8
(5.03)
93.0
(3.66)
38.9
(1.53)
1,649.8
(64.95)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 169.3 173.6 192.9 196.4 190.9 137.0 163.9 215.4 150.4 168.3 169.2 183.9 2,110.7
Source: [4]

Demographics[edit]

Per Japanese census data,[5] the population of Hekinan has been increasing steadily over the past 50 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1950 45,491—    
1960 50,116+10.2%
1970 56,933+13.6%
1980 62,021+8.9%
1990 65,899+6.3%
2000 67,814+2.9%
2010 72,020+6.2%

Surrounding municipalities[edit]

Aichi Prefecture

History[edit]

Ancient history[edit]

The area is part of ancient Mikawa Province.

Early modern period[edit]

Under then Edo period, Tokugawa Shogunate, much of what is now Hekinan was part of the holdings of Numazu Domain, with the remainder being tenryō territory under direct control of the shogunate.

Late modern period[edit]

Widespread rioting occurred in the area against the new Meiji government and its policy of shinbutsu bunri in 1871. The area was organized into towns and villages within Hekikai District by the Meiji period establishment of the modern municipalities system in 1889.

Contemporary history[edit]

Showa period

The towns of Ohama, Shinkawa and Tanao, and the village of Asahi merged on April 5, 1948, to form the city of Hekinan[2] As it is located on the southern (南) part of Hekikai District (海郡), the city was named Hekinan (碧南). Hekinan was the tenth city founded in Aichi Prefecture.[2] Since it had harbors and rails, the city developed quickly after Pacific War.

On April 1, 1955, one part of the village of Meiji, which is currently called Nishibata, was incorporated into Hekinan.

On September 26, 1959, Typhoon Vera also known as the "Isewan Typhoon" heavily damaged the city.

On July 14, 1974, Rinkai Kōen Pool or also known as Kinuura Mammoth Pool was opened.

Because the city reclaimed the seaside for industrial purposes in 1960's, Hekinan opened this pool for people who complained about losing their beautiful beach.

On May 23, 1988, Hekinan Municipal Hospital was opened.[6]

Heisei period

In 1993, Hekinan Thermal Power Station was created by Chubu Electric Power on the reclaimed ground. This provides high tax revenue to the city. On August 17, 2003, since the facility of the Rinkai Kōen Pool became old and the number of the visitors of the pool was reduced, the city shut down the pool. Instead, the city created Hekinan Rinkai Park on the same place.

Government[edit]

Hekinan City Hall

Hekinan has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 22 members, which is considerably higher than other cities of similar size. The city contributes one member to the Aichi Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Aichi District 13 of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Economy[edit]

Hekinan is one of the wealthiest cities in Japan. Its financial capability index is 1.70.[7] Automobile-related components, metal, tile, and food processing are the main industries in the city. In 2006 the number of factories was 463 with 16,778 workers. The value of shipments was 84,356,533 million yen in total in 2006.[8] The Hekinan Thermal Power Station is one of largest thermal power plants in the world.[9]

Primary sector of the economy[edit]

Agriculture[edit]

Even though only 4% of the population of Hekinan engage in agriculture, one-quarter of the area is farmland. The main products are carrots, onions, potatoes and figs. Anjo and Hekinan are the largest producer of figs in Japan.[8][10]

Secondary sector of the economy[edit]

Manufacturing[edit]

  • Automobile

In 2010, there were 9,148 people working in this industry, shipping products worth 47,058,959 yen which is more than half of the amount of shipments in the city.[8] Toyota Industries is the biggest company for the industry in the city. There were 1,722 Toyota employees in Hekinan, or about 10% of the total industrial workers in the city in 2010.[11]

  • Ceramic tile

One remarkable industry in the city is related to ceramic roofing tiles. Hekinan is one of the cities that produce Sanshu kawara, a well-known regional brand. In Japan, 58 per cent of tiles, which is about 50,000,000 tiles, are Sanshu kawara.[12]

Education[edit]

Hekinan has seven public elementary schools and five public junior high schools operated by the city government, and two public high schools operated by the Aichi Prefectural Board of Education. The prefecture also operates one special education school for the handicapped.

High schools[edit]

Middle schools[edit]

Elementary schools[edit]

International schools[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

Meitetsu logomark 2.svg Meitetsu
KRR logomark.svg Kinuura Rinkai Railway

Roads[edit]

Japan National Route[edit]

Prefectural road[edit]

  • Aichi Prefectural road 43
  • Aichi Prefectural road 45
  • Aichi Prefectural road 46
  • Aichi Prefectural road 50
  • Aichi Prefectural road 265
  • Aichi Prefectural road 291
  • Aichi Prefectural road 295
  • Aichi Prefectural road 301
  • Aichi Prefectural road 302
  • Aichi Prefectural road 303
  • Aichi Prefectural road 304
  • Aichi Prefectural road 305
  • Aichi Prefectural road 306
  • Aichi Prefectural road 307

Seaways[edit]

Seaport[edit]

  • Kinuura Bay Port
    • Ohama Port
    • Shinkawa Port

External relations[edit]

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Hekinan is twinned with:

International[edit]

To build Hekinan citizen's international sensibility, the city was looking for a sister city relationship with a city in the Pacific Ocean coast. At the same time, Edmonds considered to have the relationship with one of Japanese cities. Edmonds sent officials to Hekinan in 1986. The two cities started exchanging people for home stay. Two years later, at the ceremony of 40th anniversary of Hekinan, the two cities established a sister-cities relationship.[14]
Events between Hekinan and Edmonds
  • On April 5, 1988, Hekinan and Edmonds established a sister city relationship.[15]
  • In 1998, the Hekinan city hall hosted the sculpture by Steve Jensen to celebrate 10th anniversary of the relationships.
  • In 2004, Twenty five Hekinan artists, residents, and officials visited Edmonds to dedicate the Friendship Tree on the Edmonds waterfront.
  • In 2008, Mayor Gary Haakenson visited Hekinan with 18 citizens to celebrate 20th anniversary[16]
In April 2005, the Deputy Prime Minister of Croatia visited to Hekinan to participate in Expo 2005. During the stay, the Vice Prime Minister proposed to have a sister cities relationships between Croatian cities. Hekinan sent officials to Pula in 2006. On April 5, 2007, Hekinan invited the Mayor of Pula for the 59th anniversary and established a sister city relationship between the two cities.[18]

National[edit]

About 20 people from Hekikaigun moved to Yuni, Mikawa. Since the sounds of the regions were the same, they developed this region very well. This connection made two cities have the sister city relationship at the same date that Edmonds signed the relationship between Hekinan.[19]

Local attractions[edit]

Culture[edit]

Festivals[edit]

Various festivals are held throughout the year in Hekinan.

Schedule of Festivals [20]
Name Date Location Details
Cherry Blossom Festival

[note 1]

From March to April Onin-ji, Akashi Park, Nakayamashinmei shrine, Yahagi river Many events related to cherry blossoms. During nighttime, the trees are illuminated along the Yahagi River.
Shiki Bishamonten Spring Festival April 3 Myōfuku-ji (妙福寺/志貴毘沙門天) Pray for your and your family's happiness.
Nishiōninji Rennyohi From April 19 to 25 Ōnin-ji Buddhist event. Tea ceremony and other events held.
Spring Rennyo walking April Ōnin-ji "Walk-rally", Haiku contests, etc. are held.
Kōtō Garden Wisteria Festival

[note 2]

From April to May Kōtō Garden Enjoy Wistaria. There are a tea ceremony, which costs 500 yen including Japanese snack. During the night time, wistaria is illuminated by paper lanterns.
Shōmyō-ji Tōshō-gū Festival May 5 Shōmyō-ji A lot of cultural assets, especially assets that related to Tokugawa, are treasured. Tokugawa Ieyasu's ancestor's graves exist in the temple. Variety of the events are held.
Henjō-in Three faces Jikokuten Spring Festival May 5 Henjō-in Pay for success in business, etc.
Hekinan Lake Aburagafuchi Oak Festival[note 3] From May to June Lake Aburagafuchi and Ōnin-ji Art contests, Tea ceremony, etc. are held. There are about 3 million oak trees, more than 100 types of oak tree illuminated by paper lanterns at night.
Saigu Jinja Hydrangea Festival Second Sunday of June Saigu Jinja Selling Hydrangea, Nagashi Sōmen events are held.
Abacus Festival August 8 (8-8 pronounce like abacus' sound so August 8 is Abacus day) Shōmyō-ji Thanksgiving for old abacus.
Lake Aburagafuchi fishing contests[note 4] Second Sunday of September Lake Aburagafuchi Free fishing contest at Lake Aburagafuch
Ōhama Teramachi "Haiking" (Haiku Festival)[note 5] Third Sunday of October Ōhama Haiku contests. The theme of Haiku is town. Participants walk around Ōhama and writing haiku poetry.
Shiki Bishamonten Fall Festival November 3 Myōfuku-ji (妙福寺/志貴毘沙門天) Pray for your and your family's happiness.
Henjō-in Three faces Daikokuten Fall Festival November 11 Henjō-in Pay for success in business, etc.

Notable people from Hekinan[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "碧南市観光協会ホームページ さくらまつり". Archived from the original on April 13, 2011. Retrieved July 23, 2010.
  2. ^ "碧南市観光協会ホームページ 広藤園 藤まつり". Archived from the original on May 7, 2010. Retrieved July 23, 2010.
  3. ^ "碧南市観光協会ホームページ へきなん花しょうぶまつり". Archived from the original on July 11, 2010. Retrieved July 23, 2010.
  4. ^ "碧南市観光協会ホームページ へきなん油ヶ渕つり大会". Archived from the original on June 12, 2011. Retrieved July 23, 2010.
  5. ^ "碧南市観光協会ホームページ 大浜てらまち俳句ing(はいきんぐ)". Archived from the original on March 15, 2011. Retrieved July 23, 2010.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hekinan City official statistics (in Japanese)
  2. ^ a b c "碧南はこんなまち". Retrieved July 5, 2019.
  3. ^ Hekinan climate data
  4. ^ "気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値) 蒲郡". Retrieved July 22, 2010.
  5. ^ Hekinan population statistics
  6. ^ "碧南市民病院改革プラン" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on June 12, 2011. Retrieved July 6, 2010.
  7. ^ "平成20年度市町村決算カード 愛知" (PDF). Retrieved July 22, 2010.
  8. ^ a b c "業種別・事業所数・従業者数・出荷額等の推移". Archived from the original on June 12, 2011. Retrieved July 22, 2010.
  9. ^ industcards. "The Top 100 – World's Largest Power Plants". Power Plants Around the World. Retrieved October 1, 2019.
  10. ^ "碧南市の農業". Archived from the original on August 20, 2010. Retrieved July 22, 2010.
  11. ^ "主要国内拠点 碧南工場". Retrieved July 22, 2010.
  12. ^ "三州瓦の紹介". Retrieved July 22, 2010.
  13. ^ "Escolas Brasileiras Homologadas no Japão" (Archive). Embassy of Brazil in Tokyo. Retrieved on October 13, 2015. "Endereço: 4–53 Tajiri-cho, Hekinan-shi, Aichi-ken 447-0867"
  14. ^ "エドモンズ市(アメリカ合衆国ワシントン州)". Archived from the original on June 12, 2011. Retrieved July 12, 2010.
  15. ^ "City of Edmonds, Washington – Sister City Commission". Archived from the original on July 29, 2010. Retrieved July 12, 2010.
  16. ^ "City of Edmonds, Washington – Sister City Commission – History". Archived from the original on November 18, 2009. Retrieved July 12, 2010.
  17. ^ "Međunarodna suradnja Grada Pule". Grad Pula (in Croatian and Italian). Archived from the original on May 5, 2012. Retrieved July 28, 2013.
  18. ^ "もっと知りたい!碧南姉妹都市 クロアチア" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on June 12, 2011. Retrieved July 12, 2010.
  19. ^ "由仁町(北海道夕張郡由仁町)". Retrieved July 12, 2010.
  20. ^ "碧南市観光協会ホームページ". Archived from the original on January 9, 2010. Retrieved July 23, 2010.

External links[edit]