||This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. (July 2010)|
Location of Hekinan in Aichi Prefecture
|• Total||35.86 km2 (13.85 sq mi)|
|Population (March 31, 2010)|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
|- Flower||Japanese iris|
|Address||28 Matsumoto-chō, Hekinan-shi, Aichi-ken
|Website||City of Hekinan|
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Climate
- 4 Population
- 5 Economy
- 6 Politics
- 7 Education
- 8 Life in Hekinan
- 9 Transportation
- 10 Attractions
- 11 International relations
- 12 Noted people from Hekinan
- 13 Notes
- 14 References
- 15 External links
- On April 5, 1948, the city was founded by amalgamating the towns of Ohama, Shinkawa and Tanao, and the village of Asahi. Because it was located on the southern (南) part of Hekikai District (碧海郡), the city was named Hekinan (碧南?). Other nearby cities were also formed from municipalities previously belonging to Hekikai District: Anjō, Kariya, Takahama, and Chiryū. Hekinan was the tenth city founded in Aichi Prefecture. Since it had harbors and rails, the city recovered quickly from Pacific War.
- On April 1, 1955, one part of the village of Meiji, which is currently called Nishibata, was incorporated into Hekinan.
- On September 26, 1959, Typhoon Vera or the Isewan Typhoon heavily damaged the city.
- On July 14, 1974, Rinkai Kōen Pool or also known as Kinuura Mammoth Pool was opened. Because the city reclaimed the seaside for industrial purposes in 1960's, Hekinan opened this pool for people who complained about losing their beautiful beach.
- On May 23, 1988, Hekinan Municipal Hospital was opened.
- In 1993, Hekinan Thermal Generating Station was created by Chubu Electric Power on the reclaimed ground. This provides high tax revenue to the city.
- On August 17, 2003, since the facility of the Rinkai Kōen Pool became old and the number of the visitors of the pool was reduced, the city shut down the pool. Instead, the city created Hekinan Rinkai Park on the same place.
The city is surrounded by Lake Aburagafuchi, the Yahagi River, Kinuura Bay, and Mikawa Bay. Most of the city area lies on reclaimed ground. The majority of people live in the center of the city. Factories, farms, and harbors occupy the coast.
Neighbourhoods of Hekinan
Other cities that are separated by the ocean:
Gamagōri, Aichi is the closet point that measures climate information.
|Climate data for Gamagōri, Aichi (1971–2000)|
|Average high °C (°F)||9.2
|Daily mean °C (°F)||5.3
|Average low °C (°F)||2.0
|Precipitation mm (inches)||47.9
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||169.3||173.6||192.9||196.4||190.9||137.0||163.9||215.4||150.4||168.3||169.2||183.9||2,110.7|
Cars, metal, tile, and foods are the main industry in the city. The number of factories is 463. The number of workers is 16,778. The amount of shipment is 84,356,533 million yen in total in 2006.
Because Hekinan is located in Aichi, Hekinan's main industry is manufacturing car parts. There are 9,148 people who work for the industry. They ship 47,058,959 yen which is more than half of the amount of shipment in the city. Toyota Industries is the biggest company for the industry in the city. There are 1,722 employees that work for the company in Hekinan. It is about 10% of the total industrial workers in Hekinan.
One remarkable industry in the city is related to tiles. Hekinan is one of the cities that produce Sanshu kawara. Sanshu kawara is one of the regional brands for tiles. There are about 50 regions in Japan that produce tiles, and Sanshu kawara is the only tile that has the regional brand. Other cities that create the tile are Takahama and Handa. In Japan, 58 per cent of tiles, which is about 50,000,000 tiles, are Sanshu kawara.
Even though only 4% of the population in Hekinan engage in agriculture, one-quarter of the area is farmland. The main products are carrots, onions, potatoes and figs. Anjo and Hekinan are the largest producer of figs in Japan.
Hekinan is one of the wealthiest cities in Japan. Its financial capability index is 1.70. This is because the city has Hekinan Thermal Generating Station, which is one of largest thermal power plants in the world.
The number of representatives is 26. It is considerably high compared with other cities of similar size. Since its tax revenue is high, the city does not plan to reduce its number of representatives.
Junior High Schools
- Hekinan Shinkawa Junior High School
- Hekinan Chūō Junior High School
- Hekinan Nishibata Junior High School
- Hekinan Higashi Junior High School
- Hekinan Minami Junior High School
- Hekinan Ōhama Primary School
- Hekinan Shinkawa Primary School
- Hekinan Tanao Primary School
- Hekinan Chūō Primary School
- Hekinan Nishibata Primary School
- Hekinan Nisshin Primary School
- Hekinan Washizuka Primary School
Life in Hekinan
Various festivals are held throughout the year in Hekinan.
|Cherry Blossom Festival||From March to April||Onin temple, Akashi Park, Nakayamashinmei shrine, Yahagi river||There are many events related to cherry blossom at the festival. During the night time, The trees are illuminated except Yahagi river.|
|Shiki Bishamonten Spring Festival||April 3||Myōfuku Temple (妙福寺/志貴毘沙門天)||Pray for your and your family's happiness.|
|Nishiōninji Rennyohi||From April 19 to 25||Ōnin Temple||Buddhist event. Tea ceremony or some events held.|
|Spring Rennyo walking||April||Ōnin Temple||"Walk-rally", Haiku contests, etc. are held.|
|Kōtō Garden Wisteria Festival||From April to May||Kōtō Garden||Enjoy Wistaria. There are a tea ceremony, which costs 500 yen including Japanese snack. During the night time, Wistaria is illuminated by paper lanterns.|
|Shōmyō Temple Tōshōgū Festival||May 5||Shōmyō Temple||A lot of cultural assets, especially assets that related to Tokugawa, are treasured. Tokugawa Ieyasu's ancestor's graves exist in the temple. Variety of the events are held.|
|Henjōin Three faces Jikokuten Spring Festival||May 5||Henjōin||Pay for success in business, etc.|
|Hekinan Lake Aburagafuchi Oak Festival[note 3]||From May to June||Lake Aburagafuchi and Ōnin Temple||Art contests, Tea ceremony, etc. are held. There are about 3 million of Oak, more than 100 types of Oak are planted. During the night time, Oak is illuminated by paper lanterns.|
|Saigu shrine Hydrangea Festival||Second Sunday of June||Saigu shrine||Selling Hydrangea, Nagashi Sōmen events are held.|
|Abacus Festival||August 8 (8-8 pronounce like abacus' sound so August 8 is Abacus day)||Shōmyō Temple||Thank to old abacus.|
|Lake Aburagafuchi fishing contests[note 4]||Second Sunday of September||Lake Aburagafuchi||Free fishing contest at Lake Aburagafuch|
|Ōhama Tera Machi "Haiking" (Haiku Festival)[note 5]||Third Sunday of October||Ōhama||Haiku contests. The theme of Haiku is town. Participants walk around Ōhama and make Haiku.|
|Shiki Bishamonten Fall Festival||November 3||Myōfuku Temple (妙福寺/志貴毘沙門天)||Pray for your and your family's happiness.|
|Henjōin Three faces Dikokuten Fall Festival||November 11||Henjōin||Pay for success in business, etc.|
Hekinan provides bus service that is free for any people including people who do not live in the city. The bus is called Kurukuru bus. There are 2 lines. One line is Orange and Purple courses that take about 70 minutes (about 19.1 km) to go around the city. The other line is Midori and Ao courses that take 150 minutes (about 50 km) to go around the city. Except December 29 to January 3, the bus runs. [note 6] [note 7] [note 8] [note 9] [note 10]
- Ankuru Bus
- Furendo (Friends) bus
- 200 yen (Older than 18 years)
- 100 yen (6 to 18 years including High School students)
- Free (Younger than 5)
- Iki-Iki Gō
- Meitetsu Mikawa Line (三河線) Stations
- Kinuura Rinkai Railway (衣浦臨海鉄道) Stations
- Aichi Prefectural road 43
- Aichi Prefectural road 45
- Aichi Prefectural road 46
- Aichi Prefectural road 50
- Aichi Prefectural road 265
- Aichi Prefectural road 291
- Aichi Prefectural road 295
- Aichi Prefectural road 301
- Aichi Prefectural road 302
- Aichi Prefectural road 303
- Aichi Prefectural road 304
- Aichi Prefectural road 305
- Aichi Prefectural road 306
- Aichi Prefectural road 307
- Hekinan Rinkai park
- Aoi park
- Mugaen - Philosophy Taiken Village
- Akashi Park
- Hekinan Tatsukichi Fujii Museum of Contemporary Art
- Myōfuku Temple (妙福寺/志貴毘沙門天)
Twin towns — Sister cities
Hekinan is twinned with:
In April, 2005, the Deputy Prime Minister of Croatia visited to Hekinan in order to participate Expo 2005. During the stay, the Vice Prime Minister proposed to have sister cities relationships between Croatian cities. Hekinan sent officials to Pula in 2006. On April 5, 2007, Hekinan invited the Mayor of Pula for 59th anniversary and established the sister city relationship between the two cities.
In order to build Hekinan citizen's international sensibility, the city was looking for a sister city relationship with a city in the Pacific Ocean coast. At the same time, Edmonds considered to have the relationship with one of Japanese cities. Edmonds sent officials to Hekinan in 1986. The two cities start exchanging people for home stay. Two years later, at the ceremony of 40th anniversary of Hekinan, the two cities established the sister-cities relationship.
- Events between Hekinan and Edmonds
- On April 5, 1988, Hekinan and Edmonds established a Sister city relationship.
- In 1998, the Hekinan city hall hosted the sculpture by Steve Jensen to celebrate 10th anniversary of the relationships.
- In 2004, Twenty five Hekinan artists, residents, and officials visited Edmonds to dedicate the Friendship Tree on the Edmonds waterfront.
- In 2008, Mayor Gary Haakenson visited Hekinan with 18 citizens to celebrate 20th anniversary
About 20 people from Hekikaigun moved to Yuni, Mikawa. Since the sounds of the regions were the same, they developed this region very well. This connection made two cities have the sister city relationship at the same date that Edmonds signed the relationship between Hekinan.
Noted people from Hekinan
- "碧南市観光協会ホームページ さくらまつり". Retrieved 23 July 2010.
- "碧南市観光協会ホームページ 広藤園 藤まつり". Retrieved 23 July 2010.
- "碧南市観光協会ホームページ へきなん花しょうぶまつり". Retrieved 23 July 2010.
- "碧南市観光協会ホームページ へきなん油ヶ渕つり大会". Retrieved 23 July 2010.
- "碧南市観光協会ホームページ 大浜てらまち俳句ｉｎｇ（はいきんぐ）". Retrieved 23 July 2010.
- Schedule for Orange course
- Schedule for Purple course
- Schedule for Midori course
- Schedule for Ao course
- Map of the bus station
- "碧南市市民課－人口－". Retrieved 5 July 2010.
- "碧南はこんなまち". Retrieved 5 July 2010.
- "碧南市民病院改革プラン". Retrieved 6 July 2010.
- "気象庁 / 平年値（年・月ごとの値） 蒲郡". Retrieved 22 July 2010.
- "町丁目別人口". Retrieved 23 July 2010.
- "外国人人口（国籍別人員）". Retrieved 23 July 2010.
- "業種別･事業所数･従業者数･出荷額等の推移". Retrieved 22 July 2010.
- "主要国内拠点 碧南工場". Retrieved 22 July 2010.
- "三州瓦の紹介". Retrieved 22 July 2010.
- "碧南市の農業". Retrieved 22 July 2010.
- "平成２０年度市町村決算カード 愛知". Retrieved 22 July 2010.
- "碧南市観光協会ホームページ". Retrieved 23 July 2010.
- "くるくるバス概要". Retrieved 22 July 2010.
- "安城市／あんくるバス". Retrieved 22 July 2010.
- "ふれんどバスに乗ろう！". Retrieved 22 July 2010.
- "市内循環バス「いきいき号」". Retrieved 22 July 2010.
- "Međunarodna suradnja Grada Pule". Grad Pula (in Croatian, Italian). Archived from the original on 2012-05-05. Retrieved 2013-07-28.
- "もっと知りたい！碧南姉妹都市 クロアチア". Retrieved 12 July 2010.
- "エドモンズ市（アメリカ合衆国ワシントン州）". Retrieved 12 July 2010.
- "City of Edmonds, Washington - Sister City Commission". Retrieved 12 July 2010.
- "City of Edmonds, Washington - Sister City Commission - History". Retrieved 12 July 2010.
- "由仁町（北海道夕張郡由仁町）". Retrieved 12 July 2010.
Media related to Hekinan, Aichi at Wikimedia Commons
- Hekinan City official website (Japanese)
- Hekinan City official website (English)
- Hekinan Rinkai Park (Japanese)
- Hekinan city Tatsukichi Fujii Museum of Contemporary Art (Japanese)
- Hekinan Akashi Park (Japanese)
- Mugaen (Japanese)