|Born||Helyn Frances Mollica|
November 18, 1925 (age 94)
Syracuse, New York
|Alma mater||Syracuse University|
Helen Barolini is an American writer, editor, and translator. As a second-generation Italian American, Barolini often writes on issues of Italian-American identity.[note 1] Among her notable works are Umbertina (1979), a novel which tells the story of four generations of women in one Italian-American family; and an anthology, The Dream Book: An Anthology of Writings by Italian American Women (1985), which called attention to an emerging, and previously unnoticed, class of writers.
Early life and education
Helen Frances Barolini (née Mollica) was born on November 18, 1925, in Syracuse, New York, to Italian-American parents. Her father was a local merchant. Although her grandparents were Italian immigrants, Barolini spoke no Italian until she hired a tutor at Syracuse to teach her the language.
She graduated magna cum laude from Syracuse University in 1947, received a diploma di profitto from the University of Florence in 1950, and earned a master's degree in library science from Columbia University in 1959.
After graduating from Syracuse, Barolini traveled to Italy, studying in Perugia and writing articles for the Syracuse Herald-Journal. It was there that she met and married the Italian writer, Antonio Barolini. The couple lived in Italy for several years before moving to New York. She translated several of her husband's works into English, including "Our Last Family Countess" (1960) and "A Long Madness" (1964).
Assisted by a grant from the National Endowment for the Arts, Barolini completed her first book in 1979: the novel Umbertina, for which she received the Americans of Italian Heritage award for literature in 1984 and the Premio Acerbi, an Italian literary prize, in 2008. The novel is named for her maternal grandmother, who was born in Calabria.
Her anthology, The Dream Book: An Anthology of Writings by Italian American Women (1985), received the American Book Award from the Before Columbus Foundation and the Susan Koppelman Award from the American Culture Association. It was praised by novelists Alice Walker and Cynthia Ozick, and hailed as a major work by critic Jules Chametzky. In an essay on Italian-American novelists, Fred Gardaphé writes, "Until The Dream Book appeared in 1985, Italian American women had not had the critics or literary historians who would attempt to probe their background, unlock the reasons of past silence, and acknowledge that they are finally present."
Barolini's essays have appeared in the New Yorker, Ms., the Yale Review, the Paris Review, the Kenyon Review, the Prairie Schooner, and other journals. Her essay collection, Chiaroscuro: Essays of Identity (1997), was named a Notable Work of American Literary Non-Fiction in The Best American Essays of the Century (2000), and her essay, "How I Learned to Speak Italian," originally published in the Southwest Review, was included in The Best American Essays 1998.
Barolini has been an invited writer at Yaddo (1965) and the MacDowell Colony (1974); writer in residence at the Quarry Farm Center of Elmira College (1989); a Rockefeller Foundation resident scholar at Bellagio Center in Lake Como (1991); and visiting artist at the American Academy in Rome (2001). She has won numerous prizes and grants for her literary work. She has also taught at Trinity College, Kirkland College, and Pace University; served as associate editor for the Westchester Illustrated; and worked as a librarian in Westchester, New York.
She married Antonio Barolini in 1950. The couple had three daughters. Teodolinda Barolini became a professor of Italian at Columbia University; Susanna Barolini married an Italian artist from Urbino, and moved to Italy; and Nicoletta Barolini became an art director, also at Columbia. Antonio Barolini died in 1971.
- Umbertina. (1979) New York: Feminist Press, 1999. ISBN 978-1-55861-205-1.
- The Dream Book: An Anthology of Writings by Italian-American Women. (1985) Rev. ed. Syracuse: Syracuse UP, 2000. ISBN 0-8156-0662-1.
- Love in the Middle Ages. New York: Morrow, 1986. ISBN 0-688-06387-X.
- Festa: Recipes and Recollections of Italian Holidays. Illustrations by Karen Barbour. San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1988. ISBN 0-15-145771-9.
- Aldus and His Dream Book: An Illustrated Essay''. New York: Italica Press, 1992. ISBN 0-934977-22-4.
- Chiaroscuro: Essays of Identity. (1997) Rev. ed. Madison: U of Wisconsin P, 1999. ISBN 0-299-16084-X.
- More Italian Hours, and Other Stories. Boca Raton: Bordighera Press, 2001. ISBN 1-884419-48-8.
- Rome Burning. Delhi: Birch Brook Press, 2004. ISBN 0-913559-86-5.
- Their Other Side: Six American Women and the Lure of Italy. New York: Fordham UP, 2006. ISBN 978-0-8232-2629-0.
- A Circular Journey. New York: Fordham UP, 2006. ISBN 978-0-8232-2615-3.
- Crossing the Alps. (2010) Bordighera Press
- 2009 Hudson Valley Writers' Center Award
- 2008 Premio Acerbi for Umbertina
- 2006 William March Short Story Award at the Eugene Walter Writers Festival
- 2003 Woman of the Year Award in Literature from the Italian Welfare League, New York
- 2003 Sons of Italy Book Club Selection
- 2001 Ars et Literas Award from the American Italian Cultural Roundtable
- 2000 MELUS Award for Distinguished Contribution to Ethnic Studies
- 2000 Chiaroscuro: Essays of Identity included in Houghton Mifflin's Notable Works of American Literary Non-Fiction in their publication Best American Essays of the Century
- 1987 Susan Koppleman Award from the American Culture Association for The Dream Book
- 1986 American Book Award of The Before Columbus Foundation for The Dream Book
- 1984 Americans of Italian Heritage "Literature and the Arts Award" for Umbertina
- 1982 American Committee on Italian Migration "Women in Literature" Award for Umbertina
- 1977-79 Member, The Writers Community, New York City
- 1976 National Endowment for the Arts Grant in Creative Writing
- 1970 Marina-Velca essay prize in Italy
- How to count American immigrant generations is a subject of dispute. Some begin counting with the immigrants themselves; others begin with the first generation born in the United States. Using the latter method, an American such as Barolini, whose grandparents were natives of Italy and whose parents were born in the United States, would be considered a second-generation Italian American.
- "Helen Barolini Papers". Harvard University.
- "Helen Barolini Papers". Syracuse University.
- Bona, Mary Jo (2003). "Barolini, Helen (b. 1925)". In LaGumina, Salvatore J.; et al. (eds.). The Italian American Experience: An Encyclopedia. Routledge. pp. 55–56. ISBN 9781135583330.
- Barolini, Helen. "How I Learned to Speak Italian". In Ozick, Cynthia (ed.). Best American Essays 1998.
- Trosky, Susan (1993). Contemporary Authors, Volume 39. Gale / Cengage Learning. p. 19. ISBN 9780810319936.
- "Albo d'oro". premioacerbi.com.
- Barolini (1985), The Dream Book, back cover.
- Gardaphé, Fred L. (1998). "Italian American Novelists". In D'Acierno, Pellegrino (ed.). The Italian American Heritage: A Companion to Literature and Arts. Taylor & Francis. p. 233. ISBN 9780815303800.
- Oates, Joyce Carol; Atwan, Robert, eds. (2000). The Best American Essays of the Century. Houghton Mifflin. p. 591. ISBN 9780618043705.
- "Our Story". Hudson Valley Writers' Center.
- "USA's Eugene Walter Writers Festival Recognizes Top Writers". University of South Alabama.
- "Annual Luncheon". Italian Welfare League. Archived from the original on October 1, 2017.
- "2003 Book Club Selections". OSIA.
- "Awards". MELUS.
- Oates, Joyce Carol; Atwan, Robert (eds.). The Best American Essays of the Century. p. 591. ISBN 9780618043705.
- Bona, Mary Jo (1999). "A Process of Reconstruction: Recovering the Grandmother in Helen Barolini's Umbertina and Tina De Rosa's Paper Fish". Claiming a Tradition: Italian American Women Writers. SIU Press. pp. 126–162. ISBN 9780809322589.
- Barolini, Helen (1986). "Becoming a Literary Person Out of Context". The Massachusetts Review. 27 (2): 262–274. JSTOR 25089757.