|Born||Helen Kathleen Mussallem
7 January 1915
Prince Rupert, British Columbia, Canada
|Died||9 November 2012
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Born in Prince Rupert, British Columbia to Solomon and Annie (née Besytt) Mussallem, both of Lebanese descent, Mussallem studied at the School of Nursing, Vancouver General Hospital from 1934 to 1937. Between 1943 and 1946, she served as a surgical nurse and lieutenant in the Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps during World War II. In 1947, she attended McGill University, where she received her Bachelor's Degree in Nursing. She received her Master's of Arts in Education from Columbia University Teachers College and was the first Canadian nurse to earn a doctoral degree from Columbia University. From 1963–81, she was Executive Director of the Canadian Nurses Association. From 1989–91 she was the President of the Victorian Order of Nurses.
- She was the first nurse outside the United Kingdom to be honoured as a Fellow of the Royal College of Nursing.
- She received the highest award that can be awarded by the International Red Cross, the Florence Nightingale Medal.
- In 1982, she was appointed Dame of Grace of the Venerable Order of Saint John.
- In 1969, she was made an Officer of the Order of Canada and was promoted to Companion in 1992.
- In 2006, she was appointed Capilano Herald Extraordinary within the Canadian Heraldic Authority.
- She received honorary degrees from Memorial University, the University of New Brunswick, Queen's University, McMaster University, and the University of British Columbia.
- "Dr. Helen K. Mussallem dies". UBC Nursing News. University of British Columbia. 13 November 2012. Retrieved 15 November 2012.
- "Dr. Helen Kathleen Mussallem dies". Legacy.com. 13–14 November 2012. Retrieved 15 November 2012.
- Dr. Helen Kathleen Mussallem profile, thecanadianencyclopedia.com; accessed 26 March 2014.
- "Obituary for Dr.Helen Kathleen Mussallem". Hulse, Playfair and McGarry. November 2012. Retrieved 12 November 2012.
- "Canada's nursing profession celebrates the life of one of its most ecorated nurses". Canadian Nurses Association. November 2012. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
- Congratulations to Dr. Helen Mussallem!, VON website; accessed 26 March 2014.
- Mussallem Family history page, Maple Ridge Museum website; accessed 26 March 2014.
- The Dr. Helen K. Mussallem Biography Project
- Appointment as Dame of Grace of the Venerable Order of Saint John, london-gazette.co.uk, 22 April 1982; accessed 26 March 2014.