Helen Palmer Geisel
|Helen Marion Palmer Geisel|
|Born||Helen Marion Palmer
September 23, 1898
Brooklyn, New York, United States
|Died||October 23, 1967
La Jolla, California, United States
|Occupation||Writer, cartoonist, animator|
|Notable works||I Was Kissed by a Seal at the Zoo
Do You Know What I'm Going to Do Next Saturday?
Why I Built the Boogle House
A Fish Out of Water
|Spouse||Theodor Seuss Geisel|
Helen Marion Palmer Geisel (September 23, 1898 – October 23, 1967), known professionally as Helen Palmer, was an American children's author, editor, and philanthropist. She was married to fellow author Theodor Seuss Geisel, better known as Dr. Seuss, from 1927 until her death. Her best-known books include Do You Know What I'm Going to Do Next Saturday?, I Was Kissed by a Seal at the Zoo, Why I Built the Boogle House, and A Fish Out of Water.
Early life and college
Helen Marion Palmer was born in New York in 1898 and spent her childhood in Bedford–Stuyvesant, a prosperous Brooklyn neighborhood. As a child, she contracted polio but recovered from it almost completely. Her father, George Howard Palmer, was an ophthalmologist, and he died when she was 11. She graduated from Wellesley College with honors in 1920, then spent three years teaching English at Girls High School in Brooklyn before moving with her mother to England to attend Oxford University.
She met her future husband, Ted Geisel, in class at Oxford. She had a profound influence on his life, starting with her suggestion that he should be an artist rather than an English professor. She later stated, "Ted's notebooks were always filled with these fabulous animals. So I set to work diverting him; here was a man who could draw such pictures; he should be earning a living doing that." They married in 1927 and never had children, as Helen was unable to.
Following World War II, Ted worked in Hollywood expanding his propaganda films into films for general release. RKO commissioned him to adapt his Your Job in Japan; he brought Helen on as a collaborator and the two shared a writing credit. The finished project, Design for Death, won the 1947 Academy Award for best documentary feature.
For about a decade following World War II, Ted worked to feed a booming children's book market, creating a bevy of books. During this period, he relied heavily on the encouragement and editorial input of Helen. In fact, throughout much of his career, he relied on her support.
Illness and suicide
Helen died by suicide in 1967 with an overdose of barbiturates after a series of illnesses (including cancer) spanning 13 years. She was also despondent over her husband's burgeoning relationship with Audrey Stone Dimond. Feeling unable to live without him, Helen wrote in her suicide note:
"Dear Ted, What has happened to us? I don't know. I feel myself in a spiral, going down down down, into a black hole from which there is no escape, no brightness. And loud in my ears from every side I hear, 'failure, failure, failure...' I love you so much ... I am too old and enmeshed in everything you do and are, that I cannot conceive of life without you ... My going will leave quite a rumor but you can say I was overworked and overwrought. Your reputation with your friends and fans will not be harmed ... Sometimes think of the fun we had all thru the years ..."
Her husband later described his reaction to her death: "I didn't know whether to kill myself, burn the house down, or just go away and get lost." About Helen's death, Ted's niece Peggy commented: "Whatever Helen did, she did it out of absolute love for Ted." Peggy called Helen's death "her last and greatest gift to him."
Helen Palmer's best-known book is Do You Know What I'm Going To Do Next Saturday?, published in 1963. This book combined Palmer's stories with photographs by Lynn Fayman, as did two other books: I Was Kissed by a Seal at the Zoo (1962) and Why I Built the Boogle House (1964). The photographs in I Was Kissed by a Seal at the Zoo were taken at the San Diego Zoo in Balboa Park, San Diego, California, and featured children from the Francis Parker School in San Diego interacting with the zoo's animals and staff. She also expanded the Dr. Seuss short story "Gustav the Goldfish" into the book A Fish Out of Water, which was illustrated by P. D. Eastman.
- Morgan (1995), p. 57
- Morgan (1995), p. 45
- Hulbert, Ann (23 April 1995). "The Man Who Invented the Cat in the Hat". The New York Times. Retrieved 25 October 2013.
- Smith, Dinitia (13 February 1997). "The Creatures of a Purist Go Commercial". The New York Times. Retrieved 25 October 2013.
- Eric Pace (September 26, 1991). "Dr. Seuss, Modern Mother Goose, Dies at 87". The New York Times. New York City: NYTC. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved October 24, 2013.
- Nel, Philip (2004). Dr. Seuss: American Icon. Continuum Publishing. ISBN 0-8264-1434-6.
- Morgan (1995), p. 120-121
- Manning, Martin J. (2004). Historical Dictionary of American Propaganda. Greenwood Press. p. 116.
- Wadler, Joyce (November 29, 2000). "PUBLIC LIVES; Mrs. Seuss Hears a Who, and Tells About It". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-05-28.
- "About.com page on Theodor Geisel". Marriage.about.com. Retrieved 2012-05-22.
- Morgan, Judith; Morgan, Neil. Dr. Seuss & Mr. Geisel: A Biography. pp. 195–198. ISBN 978-0306807367.
- Zielinski, Stan. "A Story Of Two Fish: Dr. Seuss Out Of Water". Retrieved 21 October 2013.