|Born||4 April 1885|
Bedford Park, Ealing, London
|Died||1 January 1963 (aged 77)|
Helen Saunders (4 April 1885 – 1 January 1963) was an English painter associated with the Vorticist movement.
Helen Saunders (pronounced Saːnders) was born in Bedford Park, Ealing, London. She studied at the Slade School of Art in 1907, attending three days a week till the Spring term. She later attended the Central School of Arts and Crafts which offered more technical training than the Slade. By 1912 Saunders' work had become "recognisably Post Impressionist", and in February her painting "Rocks, North Devon" was accepted by The Friday Club (an exhibiting group set up by Vanessa Bell). She exhibited works at Galerie Barbazanges and at the Allied Artists Association.
Saunders exhibited in the Twentieth Century Art exhibition at the Whitechapel Gallery in 1914, one of the first British artists to work in a nonfigurative style. In 1915 she became associated with the Vorticists, signing their manifesto in the first edition of the literary magazine BLAST and contributing to their inaugural exhibition. She and Jessica Dismorr were the only female members. Saunders was fluent in both French and German and during World War I worked in the office of the United Kingdom Government Censor.
Saunders exhibited with the London Group in 1916, but from 1920 she increasingly turned away from the avant-garde and adopted a more realist style, working in still life, landscapes and portraiture, and latterly exhibiting with the Holborn Art Society. Despite her long career, fewer than 200 of her works are currently known. She was included in the Nasher Museum of Art at Duke University when it hosted an exhibition entitled The Vorticists: Rebel Artists in London and New York, 1914-18 in late 2010. Saunders died of accidental coal gas poisoning at her home in Holborn, London, on 1 January 1963. Later that year, her sister Ethel donated three of her Vorticist drawings to the Tate Gallery, and one to the Victoria and Albert Museum in London.
In 1996 Richard Cork wrote:
- "Since Saunders' early work earned her a respected place in experimental circles, the gathering obscurity of her later years seems cruel. She endured the neglect with uncomplaining stoicism, for her innate warmth prevented her from succumbing to bitterness."
- Abstract Multicoloured Design, c.1915. Gouache, watercolour and graphite on paper. Tate.
- Monochrome Abstract Composition, c.1915. Ink, watercolour and graphite on paper. Tate.
- Peppin, Brigid. 'Helen Saunders, 1885-1963', Ashmolean Museum Oxford, 1996
- Pepin, Brigid (1996). Helen Saunders 1885-1963. Dagenham: Lipscomb Printers. p. 6.
- Carolyn Trant (2019). Voyaging Out: British Women Artists from Suffrage to the Sixties. Thames & Hudson. ISBN 9780500021828.
- Catherine Speck (2014). Beyond the Battlefield, Women Artists of Two World Wars. Reaktion Books. ISBN 978-178023-374-1.
- Nasher Museum Archived 7 March 2013 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 17 September 2010