Helen Zille

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The Honourable
Helen Zille
Helen Zille - one.jpg
Premier of the Western Cape
Assumed office
6 May 2009
Preceded by Lynne Brown
Leader of the Democratic Alliance
In office
6 May 2007 – 10 May 2015
Preceded by Tony Leon
Succeeded by Mmusi Maimane
Mayor of Cape Town
In office
15 March 2006 – 30 April 2009
Preceded by Nomaindia Mfeketo
Succeeded by Dan Plato
Member of the National Assembly
In office
14 April 2004 – 15 March 2006
Member of the Western Cape Provincial Parliament
Assumed office
6 May 2009
In office
Personal details
Born Otta Helene Zille
(1951-03-09) 9 March 1951 (age 65)
Johannesburg, Transvaal, South Africa
Political party Democratic Party (Before 2000)
Democratic Alliance (2000–present)
Spouse(s) Professor Johann Maree
Children Paul
Alma mater University of the Witwatersrand
Religion Uniting Presbyterian
Website Official website

Otta Helene "Helen" Zille (legal name Maree née Zille) (/ˈzɪlə/;[1] born 9 March 1951) is a South African politician. She is the current Premier of the Western Cape (since 2009),[2] a member of the Western Cape Provincial Parliament,[3] the former leader of South Africa's opposition Democratic Alliance (DA) political party, and a former Mayor of Cape Town.

Zille is a former journalist and anti-apartheid activist,[4][5][6] and was one of the journalists who exposed the truth behind the death of Black Consciousness leader Steve Biko while working for the Rand Daily Mail in the late 1970s.[7] She also worked with the Black Sash and other pro-democracy groups during the 1980s.[8] In the political arena, Zille has worked in all three tiers of government – as the Western Cape province's education MEC (1999–2004), as a Member of Parliament (2004–2006), as Mayor of Cape Town (2006–2009), and as Premier of the Western Cape (2009–present).

Zille was selected as World Mayor of the Year in 2008 - from a field of 820 candidates.[9][10] She was also chosen as Newsmaker of the year 2006 by the National Press Club in July 2007, and as one of 24 former finalists in the South African Woman of the Year Award.[11] Zille speaks English, Afrikaans, Xhosa, and German.[12]

Early life and career[edit]

Early years, education and family[edit]

Helen Zille was born in Hillbrow, Johannesburg, the eldest child of parents who separately left Germany in the 1930s to avoid Nazi persecution (her maternal grandfather and paternal grandmother were Jewish). Her mother was a volunteer with the Black Sash Advice Office.[13] She was educated at Johannesburg's St Mary's School, Waverley while her family at the time lived in Rivonia. She studied at the University of the Witwatersrand, where she obtained a Bachelor of Arts degree.

She married Professor Johann Maree in 1982, and they have two sons, Paul (born in 1984) and Thomas (1989). She is a member of the Rondebosch United Church in Cape Town.[14]

Political journalism[edit]

Zille began her career as a political correspondent for the Rand Daily Mail in 1974.[15] During September 1977, Minister of Justice and the Police J.T. Kruger announced that anti-apartheid activist Steve Biko had died in prison as the result of an extended hunger strike. Zille and her editor Allister Sparks were convinced Kruger's story was a cover-up, and Zille obtained concrete proof of this after tracking down and interviewing doctors involved in the case.[7]

The Rand Daily Mail's lead story, headlined "No sign of hunger strike—Biko doctors", sent shockwaves through South Africa. Kruger immediately threatened to ban the paper, while Zille received death threats.[7] Zille and Sparks were represented at the subsequent quasi-judicial Press Council by leading defence lawyer Sydney Kentridge. The two were nonetheless found guilty of "tendentious reporting", and the paper was forced to issue a correction. Kentridge later helped confirm the accuracy of Zille's account when he represented the Biko family at the inquest into his death. That inquest found Biko's death had been the result of a serious head injury but failed to find any individual responsible.[16]

Zille resigned from the Rand Daily Mail along with editor Allister Sparks, after the paper's owner, Anglo American, demanded that Sparks tone down the paper's equal rights rhetoric.[17]

Anti-apartheid movement[edit]

Zille was heavily involved in the Black Sash movement during the 1980s. She served on the regional and national executives of the organisation, and was also vice-chair of the End Conscription Campaign in the Western Cape. During this time she was arrested for being in a "group area" without a permit, and received a suspended prison sentence. Zille and her husband later offered their home as a safe house for political activists during the 1986 State of Emergency, and she was temporarily forced into hiding with their two-year-old son.[8]

Zille was also actively involved in the South Africa Beyond Apartheid Project and the Cape Town Peace Committee. She later gathered evidence for the Goldstone Commission which investigated attempts to destabilise the Western Cape before the elections in 1994.

Education policy work[edit]

Zille formed a public policy consultancy in 1989 and in 1993 she was offered the position of Director of Development and Public Affairs at the University of Cape Town. During this time Zille also chaired the governing body of Grove Primary School, and in 1996 led a successful challenge against government policy limiting governing bodies' powers to appoint staff.[18]

Zille was then invited by the then Democratic Party to write a draft policy for Education in the Western Cape. In 1999 she became a Member of the Western Cape Provincial Legislature, and was appointed MEC for Education.[19]

In 2004 Zille became a Member of Parliament with the Democratic Alliance (DA). Within the DA she rose to the level of deputy federal chairperson and served as national party spokesperson and spokesperson for education.


Freedom Day Rally 2011 at Solomon Mahlangu Freedom Square in Mamelodi

2006 municipal elections and aftermath[edit]

In the 2006 municipal elections, the DA became the single largest party in Cape Town with 42% of the vote, ahead of the African National Congress (ANC). Zille was elected mayor by 106 votes to 103 on 15 March 2006, after the DA obtained the support of several smaller parties.

After assuming office, Zille's multi-party government decided to revoke the appointment of the Cape Town City Manager, Wallace Mgoqi, whose term of appointment had been controversially extended by the outgoing ANC executive mayor, Nomaindia Mfeketo.[20] Zille's decision was upheld by the High Court which ruled that the extension of Mgoqi's appointment by the previous mayor had been unlawful.

Zille has faced considerable opposition and confrontation with the ANC. In September 2006, the provincial ANC MEC Richard Dyantyi, announced he planned to replace the city's mayoral system with an executive committee. The move would have resulted in reduced mayoral power, and the governing party would not be able to assign every one of the ten seats — rather these would be allocated on a proportional representation basis.[21] The matter was resolved, with Dyanti and Zille agreeing to retain the current mayoral system whilst the ANC was provided with two additional sub-committees in areas of the city controlled by the ANC.[22]


Zille's commitments as mayor included Cape Town's role as a designated host city for the 2010 World Cup, as well as the construction and financing of the Cape Town Stadium, which hosted 8 FIFA World Cup football matches in 2010.

A particular concern of Zille was the problem of drug abuse in Cape Town, particularly crystal methamphetamine (tik) abuse. She called for the promotion of drug rehabilitation centres and further funding from the government to battle drug abuse, and met with local communities to discuss the issue.[23]

Zille objected to plans to incorporate the metro police into the broader police service, arguing that such a move would remove considerable power from local government and vest more control in the hands of the National Police Commissioner at the time, Jackie Selebi,[24] who was later convicted of corruption.[25]


Housing and service delivery[edit]

Though provincial rather than local government is tasked with housing delivery, Zille claimed that her municipality's efforts to reform housing lists and improve verification processes also allowed housing delivery to be increased from 3000 units per annum under the ANC, to 7000 units per annum between 2006 and 2008 under her administration as mayor.[26]

In an article entitled "The ANC is pro-poverty not pro-poor" published shortly before the 2009 general election, Zille pointed out that under the ANC administration no budget allocation existed for upgrading informal settlements, while in 2007 her own administration set up a dedicated budget for provision of water, electricity and sanitation. In addition to maintaining existing water and electricity subsidies, Zille also raised the subsidies on the indigent database, and ensured that electricity was supplied to informal settlements that Eskom refused to electrify, such as Happy Valley and Site B Khayelitsha.[27]

DA Leader[edit]

Helen Zille and Patricia de Lille at the DA Federal Congress, 2010.


On 15 March 2007, Zille declared herself a candidate to succeed outgoing leader of the DA, Tony Leon. A favourite from the start, with backing from the Western Cape, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga, Northern Cape, the Free State and even the Eastern Cape (regarded during much of the build-up as the stronghold of main rival Athol Trollip),[28] she was elected as the new leader by a large majority on 6 May 2007. She indicated that she would lead the party from outside Parliament, while continuing in her position as executive mayor of Cape Town.


When she became leader of the DA, Zille challenged the ruling government on a number of issues.


Of particular concern to Zille was the government's response[29] to alarming crime statistics released in July 2007. She has accused the government of rewarding criminals by placing individuals convicted of serious crimes high up on their national parliamentary lists.[30] Zille has said that the DA would reinstate child protection units, the South African Narcotics Bureau and the Scorpions unit, all of which have been disbanded.[31]

In August 2008, Zille announced proposals to boost the size of the police force to 250 000, employ an additional 30 000 detectives, improve detention programmes and use of information technology, and radically overhaul the justice system. She also said the party's comprehensive new crime plan would include provisions for a Victims of Crime Fund.[32]


Zille warned against the controversial National Health Amendment Bill, legislation allowing greater state intervention in private health care. She warned that the state will destroy the system, that is rated as the fifth best of its kind in the world.[by whom?] She outlined the possibility that the Bill could drive away thousands of skilled medical professionals.[33] Together with her political party, she proposed an alternative health plan, for the privatisation of state healthcare.[34] The National Health Amendement Act became law in 2013, and provides for the establishment of a new Office of Health Standards Compliance.[35]

Judicial independence[edit]

As DA leader, Zille has also frequently questioned judicial independence in South Africa, in light of the alleged behaviour of the Cape judge president John Hlophe in trying to influence the Constitutional Court judges to rule in favour of ANC president Jacob Zuma. She also cited racism directed towards those in the judiciary, and has criticised the perceived double standards vocally.[36][37]


Zille publicly denounced the Zimbabwean regime, calling for former-President Thabo Mbeki to abandon his 'quiet diplomacy' policy and take a tougher stance towards the Zimbabwean president, Robert Mugabe. She has called for the South African president to publicly acknowledge that the Mugabe regime in Zimbabwe is illegal and illegitimate; to sever all formal diplomatic ties with Zimbabwe and withdraw all diplomatic representatives; to impose smart sanctions on the Zanu-PF elite, including travel bans to South Africa and the freezing of all South African assets linked to Mugabe and Zanu-PF; and to lobby for the suspension of Zimbabwe from the United Nations, the African Union and the South African Development Community.[38]

Political debate[edit]

In June 2008, she challenged the president of the ANC and the 2009 presidential candidate, Jacob Zuma to a public debate on ten key issues such as the arms deal, disbanding of the Scorpions, the situation in Zimbabwe, HIV/Aids and labour legislation.[39][40] Zuma declined to participate.[41][42]

Campaign against drug and alcohol abuse[edit]

Eight members of a group called the People's Anti-Drug and Liquor Action Committee (PADLAC) were arrested in September 2007 outside the Mitchell's Plain police station. Zille was then arrested when she visited the police station to investigate. The group had been distributing pamphlets in the campaign against the abuse of alcohol and drugs in Cape Town. Police alleged that she supported vigilante groups opposed to drug abuse. She appeared in the Mitchell's Plain Magistrates Court later that week for contravening the Regulation of Gatherings Act. Zille was expected to sue the Minister of Police for wrongful arrest.[43] Zille subsequently appeared briefly before the Mitchell's Plain Magistrates Court together with a group of ten persons who had been arrested with her.[44]

On 30 September 2007 it was reported that senior intelligence sources, who were apparently unhappy with the ANC's plans to subvert state institutions to do ANC bidding, had leaked information to Zille that operatives with weapons were infiltrating PADLAC with the ultimate objective of bringing down the leader of the opposition.[45] In October 2007, Zille was acquitted of all charges brought before the Mitchell's Plain Magistrates Court on the grounds that the prosecution's case against her and nine other defendants did not stand a chance of succeeding. Zille reiterated her intention to sue the South African Police Services (SAPS) branch in the Western Cape for wrongful arrest.[46]

In March 2008, Helen Zille took her anti-drugs campaign to Johannesburg, leading a protest march. Marchers wore DA T-shirts, bearing the message No to drugs and save our children.[47]

It is not clear that Zille's activities have had any particular impact on problems of crime and substance abuse in the Western Cape.[48][49] The latest crime statistics suggest that the Western Cape is responsible for 34% of drug-related crime in South Africa.[50]

United Nations[edit]

In April 2008, Zille was asked to address the UN in New York City on population and development, offering her experience and lessons as mayor of Cape Town.[51]

World Mayor award[edit]

Zille was nominated as one of 820 world mayors and was winner of the 2008 World Mayor award in October 2008.[52][53]

There was controversy when the ruling ANC used its majority in the National Assembly to block (without notice) a motion by the DA acknowledging Zille's achievement in winning the 2008 World Mayor award.[54]

Resignation as Party Leader[edit]

In April 2015, Zille announced that she would not be standing for re-election as party leader.[55]

Premier of the Western Cape[edit]

Zille meeting British Foreign Office Minister Mark Simmonds in London in 2012

2009 election[edit]

The 2009 general elections presented Zille with her first major electoral contest as leader of the DA. She was selected as candidate for Premier of the Western Cape, and her party succeeded in winning a 51.23 percent of the province's vote. Zille was installed as Premier, and replaced as mayor by Dan Plato. Nationally, the DA gained significant ground as official opposition, winning 16.66 percent of the vote, and increasing its tally of seats in both houses of Parliament to 77.

Row with Jacob Zuma[edit]

In May 2009, shortly after being elected Premier, Zille wrote a letter to the Cape Argus newspaper that was accidentally copied by her spokesperson to the Sowetan newspaper.[56] Responding to criticism from gender lobby groups and the ANC over her all-male provincial cabinet, Zille stated in the letter that the ANC had never even been led by a woman, and that its leaders set bad examples on gender issues. She cited South African President Jacob Zuma's "deeply sexist views", accused him of being a "womaniser", and condemned him for putting "all his wives at risk of contracting HIV" by having unprotected sex with an HIV positive woman. Zuma, a polygamist, admitted in his rape trial that he had known that the woman with whom he had had sex was HIV positive.[57]

Zille's condemnation of Zuma's behaviour was then used by the Sowetan as the basis of a front page story entitled "Zuma an AIDS risk". The paper stated that Zille had "launched an extraordinary new attack" on Zuma.[58] This heralded a wave of attacks on Zille from both the ANC and a number of its alliance partners. The ANC Youth League claimed Zille was racist, and that her all-male cabinet consisted of "boyfriends and concubines so that she can continue to sleep around with them". The claim, made without substantiation, drew the ire of the DA, who consulted with their lawyers over a possible defamation suit.[59] The Umkhonto we Sizwe Military Veterans Association restated the Youth League's sex claims, and warned it would launch "a political programme aimed at rendering the Western Cape ungovernable".[60] The ANC also criticised Zille, but distanced itself from the remarks of its Youth League, stating that they were "deeply embarrassing".[61] In response, Zille claimed that the whole row exemplified South Africa's warped approach to gender issues.[62]

Land dispute[edit]

In May 2009, Zille accused the ANC of asset stripping. She related to the transfer of 1 000 hectares of provincial land in the Western Cape to a national body. The transfer was signed off by the former premier Lynne Brown on 21 April 2009, the day before the national elections. Zille alleged that the deal was done "secretly, in bad faith and with an ulterior motive". The ANC responded by claiming that the land deal had been publicly tabled in Parliament several times over the years and there was nothing sinister about it.[63] Zille later said that she would call for a review and rescindment of the agreement and would lodge a dispute at an intergovernmental relations meeting,[64] but the matter was resolved in January 2010, when the ANC's Minister of Human Settlements, Tokyo Sexwale, agreed to return the land to the province before the matter could be taken to court.[65]

2014 election and re-election[edit]

Following the 2014 general elections, the DA won 59.38% of the vote and 26 seats in the Western Cape provincial legislature, an increase of 3.25%. Under her leadership, the party also won 89 seats in the National Assembly and 22.23% of the National vote. Zille was sworn-in to a second term on 26 May with 27 votes out of 42, her opponent being Marius Fransman of the ANC.


Criminalisation of deliberately spreading HIV with multiple partners[edit]

While addressing a wellness summit hosted by the Western Cape Health department, Zille had called for irresponsible men who knew they were HIV positive, yet refused to use condoms and had multiple sexual partners, to be charged with attempted murder, and for a shift in focus from the treatment of preventable diseases to unpreventable diseases. Some AIDS activists warned against such a move and called Zille's remarks "careless and misleading."[66] Among those who criticized Zille's position were the Constitutional Law scholar Pierre de Vos.[67] and prominent AIDS activist and director of Section 27, Mark Heywood.[66][68]

'Refugees' from Eastern Cape[edit]

In 2012 Zille was embroiled in controversy after she tweeted: “While E Cape education collapsed, WC built 30 schools – 22 new, 8 replacement mainly 4 E Cape edu refugees. 26 MORE new schools coming.”

Her statement followed on from a protest in Grabouw about overcrowding at a local school. The ANC called Zille's reference to "refugees", with regard to Eastern Cape pupils who flocked to the Western Cape for a better education, "inhumane".

Zille later apologized and said she was “very, very sorry about the impact of those words”. She was “sorry because it was never meant in that context at all, and it was never said in that way at all. She said “What I was trying to show up was what (Basic) Education Minister Angie Motshekga calls a ‘horror story’ of education in much of the Eastern Cape”.

Failed Merger with Agang[edit]

As DA Party Leader, Zille presided over a failed attempt to merge with opposition party Agang,[69] then led by Mamphela Ramphele. After announcing the merger, and Zille famously kissing Ramphele at the news conference, the merger fell apart within days after it was opposed by Agang members and also by senior figures within the DA.[70] There were suggestions in the media, admitted in part by Zille, that a foreign donor to the DA had encouraged the merger.[71][72]

Conviction and Jailing of DA member King Dalindyebo[edit]

In 2013 the DA recruited Thembu King Dalindyebo to join the party, despite the fact that he had been convicted in the High Court of various crimes including arson, kidnapping and culpable homicide and, at the time, he shared the stage with Zille, Mmusi Maimane and other party leaders.[73] The perception exists that he was recruited on the basis that he could bring votes to the DA in the Eastern Cape.[74][75] In October 2015 Dalindyebo was sentenced to 12 years in prison, and his membership of the DA was terminated.[76]

Published works[edit]


  1. ^ "Zille". Collins English Dictionary. Retrieved 30 January 2014. 
  2. ^ "Applause as Zille secures premiership". IOL. 6 May 2009. Retrieved 6 May 2009. 
  3. ^ Zille leaves mayor's post[permanent dead link] Post. 30 April 2009
  4. ^ "World's best mayor Helen Zille says award a boon for democracy". 
  5. ^ "Helen Zille". 
  6. ^ "Profile: Helen Zille". BBC News. 15 April 2009. Retrieved 2010-05-04. 
  7. ^ a b c "Steve Biko's legacy lives on - Zille". 
  8. ^ a b "Helen Zille (St Mary's School 1962 to 1968)". [dead link]
  9. ^ 13 October 2008 at 06:32pm (2008-10-13). "SA mayor scoops 'world best' award - Politics | IOL News". IOL.co.za. Retrieved 2013-03-04. 
  10. ^ "Helen Zille, Mayor of Cape Town, wins the 2008 World Mayor Prize". 
  11. ^ "Woman of the Year 2003 finalists". 30 July 2003. Retrieved 2007-04-10. 
  12. ^ "Helen Zille Biography". Archived from the original on 2 August 2009. 
  13. ^ "Cape Town Mayor Helen Zille questioned by an international audience". worldmayor.com. Retrieved 7 May 2014. 
  14. ^ "Tutu commends Christian communicators in justice struggle". 
  15. ^ "Who's Who: Mrs Helen Zille". Archived from the original on 2 August 2009. 
  16. ^ "Steve Biko: XI - The Verdict". Archived from the original on 23 May 2008. 
  17. ^ Bridgland, Fred (18 April 2009). "The Zille to weaken Zuma's grip". The Scotsman. Edinburgh. Archived from the original on 22 April 2009. 
  18. ^ "Redeploying teachers set for revival". Dispatch. 16 October 1997. Archived from the original on 11 January 2009. 
  19. ^ "Helen Zille (St Mary's School 1962 to 1968)". [dead link]
  20. ^ "...the best Cape Town mayor in decades... ?". CapeInfo. April 2006. Archived from the original on 26 September 2007. 
  21. ^ "Leon says Mbeki behind plan to oust Zille". SABC News. 22 September 2006. 
  22. ^ Maclennan, Ben (1 November 2006). "Zille keeps the reins in Cape Town". IOL. Archived from the original on 1 February 2010. 
  23. ^ "Zille to meet with Lentegeur community". IOL. 22 June 2007. Archived from the original on 16 July 2007. 
  24. ^ Ensor, Linda (28 July 2007). "The battle for Metro cops". Business Day. Archived from the original on 2009-01-11. Retrieved 2008-02-22. According to her (Zille), Selebi was presiding over a police force that was steadily losing its ability to deliver on its mandate, and his control should not be extended. 
  25. ^ Adriaan, Basson (3 August 2010). "Selebi sentenced to 15 years". Mail & Guardian. Retrieved 18 April 2011. Former police chief Jackie Selebi was sentenced to 15 years' imprisonment by Judge Meyer Joffe in the South Gauteng High Court on Tuesday, who called him an "embarrassment to South Africa and the police". 
  26. ^ Zille, Helen (11 January 2009). "DA: Zille: Extract from a speech by the leader of the Democratic Alliance at Bela Bela in Limpopo (11/09/2009)". Retrieved 26 February 2009. 
  27. ^ Zille, Helen. "ANC is pro-poverty not pro-poor". 
  28. ^ Majova 2007.
  29. ^ "'Bland' government ducking the facts — Zille". IOL. 7 July 2007. Archived from the original on 1 February 2010. 
  30. ^ "Zille: ANC rewards crime". 
  31. ^ "Zille: Heroin easier to buy than hamburgers". 
  32. ^ "Conquering fear, commanding hope: the DA's criminal justice plan". Archived from the original on 13 June 2011. 
  33. ^ "South Africa: Zille Says Health Bill Will Drive Skills Away". allAfrica. 10 June 2008. 
  34. ^ "Let private sector run state hospitals — DA". IOL Online. 9 June 2008. Archived from the original on 1 February 2010. 
  35. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 September 2015. Retrieved 2015-10-12. 
  36. ^ Zille, Helen (13 June 2008). "ANC cultivating a 'compliant judiciary'". Moneyweb. 
  37. ^ "Hlophe rocks Zille's faith in judges". Sunday Times. 13 June 2008. Archived from the original on 11 January 2009. 
  38. ^ "STATEMENT BY HELEN ZILLE". The Zimbabwean. 24 June 2008. Archived from the original on 20 May 2011. 
  39. ^ "Will Zuma debate against Zille?". IOL. 20 June 2008. Archived from the original on 1 February 2010. 
  40. ^ "Zille challenges Zuma to public debate". SABC. 20 June 2008. 
  41. ^ "Zuma refuses to meet with Zille". SABC. 25 June 2008. 
  42. ^ "Zille reminds Zuma of statement". IOL. 25 June 2008. Archived from the original on 1 February 2010. 
  43. ^ "Another apartheid era arrest for Zille". Daily Dispatch. Archived from the original on 11 January 2009. Retrieved 2007-09-09. 
  44. ^ "Zille in court". IOL. Retrieved 2007-09-11. 
  45. ^ "Intelligence sources unhappy with ANC plans". Sunday Times. Retrieved 2007-09-30. [dead link]
  46. ^ "SAfrica drops charges against opposition head Zille". Reuters. Retrieved 2007-10-23. [dead link]
  47. ^ "Zille leads Jo'burg anti-drugs march". Mail&Guardian. Retrieved 2008-03-08. 
  48. ^ "Zille's 2015 SOPA thin on ways to tackle alcohol abuse". News24. 2015-09-30. Retrieved 2015-10-05. 
  49. ^ Carmel Loggenberg (2015-09-28). "SABC News - W Cape authorities concerned about spike in crime rate:Monday 28 September 2015". Sabc.co.za. Retrieved 2015-10-05. 
  50. ^ Philani Nombembe. "SUNDAY TIMES - Western Cape awash with cheap tik, creating addicts who drive up crime". Timeslive.co.za. Retrieved 2015-10-05. 
  51. ^ "Helen Zille to address the UN". iafrica. Retrieved 2008-03-08. [dead link]
  52. ^ "World Mayor 2008 The final shortlist". World Mayor. Retrieved 2008-06-13. 
  53. ^ "Helen Zille, Mayor of Cape Town, wins the 2008 World Mayor Prize". World Mayor. 14 October 2008. Retrieved 2013-03-04. 
  54. ^ "ANC blocks motion praising Zille's world mayor award". Politicsweb. 23 October 2008. 
  55. ^ Helen Zille bows out as DA leader | eNCA
  56. ^ "Zille shifts blame: Premier says aide was not meant to send letter". Archived from the original on 18 May 2009. 
  57. ^ "Zille in 'racist' Zuma HIV attack". BBC News. 12 May 2009. Retrieved 2010-01-05. 
  58. ^ Anna Majavu. "Zuma an AIDS risk". Archived from the original on 15 May 2009. 
  59. ^ "MK veterans threaten Zille". [dead link]
  60. ^ "MK veterans threaten Zille". 
  61. ^ "ANC distances itself from ANCYL comments - Mantashe". 
  62. ^ "Helen Zille answers her critics". 
  63. ^ Fingers pointed in Cape land row[permanent dead link] Voice of the Cape[dead link]
  64. ^ 'Secret' ANC land deal illegal - Zille[dead link] Cape Argus. 23 May 2009 Archived copy at WebCite (1 February 2010).
  65. ^ Cape land transfer dispute resolved Eyewitness News Archived 13 August 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
  66. ^ a b 9 November 2011 at 12:11pm (2011-11-09). "Zille targets men who don't use condoms - Cape Argus". IOL.co.za. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  67. ^ Vos, Pierre De (2011-11-10). "Helen Zille, the HIV populist – Constitutionally Speaking". Constitutionallyspeaking.co.za. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  68. ^ "Mark Heywood". Section 27. Retrieved 2015-10-05. 
  69. ^ "Ramphele and Zille's brief DA marriage over | News | National | M&G". Mg.co.za. 2014-02-02. Retrieved 2015-10-01. 
  70. ^ Setumo Stone; Khulekani Magubane (2014-02-03). "Zille, Ramphele provide their reasons for break-up | Politics". BDlive. Retrieved 2015-10-01. 
  71. ^ eNCA. "Foreign influence in DA-Agang merger worries ANC". eNCA. Retrieved 2015-10-01. 
  72. ^ South African Press Association (2014-02-05). "South Africa: Confusion Over DA-Aganga Political Donor". allAfrica.com. Retrieved 2015-10-01. 
  73. ^ Babalo Ndenze; Jan-Jan Joubert (2014-06-17). "SUNDAY TIMES - Demotion for Kohler Barnard over PW post". Timeslive.co.za. Retrieved 2015-10-05. 
  74. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 1 July 2016. Retrieved 2015-10-23. 
  75. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 12 August 2016. Retrieved 2015-11-01. 
  76. ^ Sabelo Skiti (2013-07-15). "SUNDAY TIMES - Shamed king vows to fight judiciary from jail". Timeslive.co.za. Retrieved 2015-10-05. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Nomaindia Mfeketo
Mayor of Cape Town
Succeeded by
Dan Plato
Preceded by
Lynne Brown
Premier of the Western Cape
Party political offices
Preceded by
Tony Leon
Leader of the Democratic Alliance
Succeeded by
Mmusi Maimane